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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

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Pokorny Etymon: auq(h)- : uq(h)-, probably also u̯eq(h)-   'cooking pot'

Semantic Field: Pot


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: of(e)n n.masc oven, furnace CDC/ASD
  ofnet n closed vessel CDC
Middle English: oven n oven W7
English: olla n large widemouth earthenware jar AHD/W7
  oven n chamber used for heating/baking AHD/W7
Old Frisian: oven n oven CDC
Dutch: oven n oven CDC
Middle Low German: oven n oven CDC
Low German: awen n oven CDC
Old High German: ofan/ovan/ovin n oven CDC
Middle High German: oven n oven CDC
German: Ofen n.masc oven, stove CDC
Icelandic: ofn/ogn/omn n oven CDC
Danish: ovn n oven CDC
Old Swedish: ofn/ogn/omn n oven CDC
Swedish: ugn n oven CDC
Gothic: auhns n oven CDC
Latin: aula/olla n.fem pot, olla, cauldron W7
Portuguese: olha n pot, olla CDC
Spanish: olla n.fem pot, olla, cauldron W7
Greek: ἰπνός n.masc oven, furnace, kitchen CDC


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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