Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our
own English gloss; our Semantic Field
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
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Pokorny Etymon: 2. der-, reduplicated der-der-, dr̥dor-, broken reduplication dor-d-, dr̥-d- (onomatopoeic: to mutter, grumble)
Semantic Field: Sound (n)
|Old Irish:||dordaid||vb||to hum, buzz||RPN|
|Lithuanian:||dardė́ti||vb||to rattle, clatter||RPN|
|Slovak:||drdlat'||vb||to mutter, hum||RPN|
|Hesychius' Greek Lexicon:||δάρδα||n||bee||RPN|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
|RPN||=||Allan R. Bomhard: Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic (2002)|