Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our
own English gloss; our Semantic Field
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
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Pokorny Etymon: 1. g̑hei-, g̑hēi- 'to goad, drive; to throw, wound'
|Old English:||gād||n||goad, spear||W7|
|English:||goad||n||pointed rod used to prod/herd animal||AHD/W7|
|goad||vb||to drive with goad||W7|
|Old Norse:||gedda||n||goad, pike||LRC|
|Sanskrit:||hinoti||vb||to urge on||W7|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|AHD||=||Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)|
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
|SAO||=||Swedish Academy: Svenska Akademiens Ordbok (2011)|
|TLL||=||Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)|
|W7||=||Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)|