The University of Texas at Austin; College of Liberal Arts
Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
LRC Links: Home | About | Books Online | EIEOL | IE Doc. Center | IE Lexicon | IE Maps | IE Texts | Pub. Indices | SiteMap

Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

Fans of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings may appreciate the source & meaning tips that pop up when the mouse pointer hovers over a non-obvious word or name that he coined from Indo-European (usually Old English or Old Norse) stock. But only reflexes of PIE etyma can be included, and these tend to concentrate in the vocabulary of Rohan and the Shire.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: 1. sel-   'salon, dwelling place'

Semantic Fields: Room; House


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Old English: seld n.neut seat, throne; hall, mansion, palace ASD
  sele/sæl/sel n.masc/neut hall, house, dwelling LRC
English: entresol n mezzanine AHD/W7
  Meduseld prop.n Mark palace in Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings LRC
  salon n apartment, living room AHD/W7
  saloon n salon AHD/W7
  solifluction n soil creep over frozen ground AHD
Old Saxon: seli n.masc hall, house, dwelling ASD
  seliða/selda n seat, throne; hall, mansion ASD
Old High German: sal n hall W7
  selida n.fem hall, house, mansion, residence ASD
  seli-hūs n lit. dwelling-house ASD
German: Saal n.masc hall LRC
  Salon n.masc salon LRC
Old Norse: salr n.masc hall; ground; [pl.] complex dwelling LRC
Icelandic: salr n hall ASD
Gothic: salithwa n.fem mansion, chamber ASD
  saljan vb to dwell, abide LRC
French: entresol n entresol W7
  salon n.masc lounge, salon W7
Italian: sala n.fem hall, (dining) room AHD
  salone n.masc hall, salon, (assembly) room W7
Lithuanian: sala n.fem island; village W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

Nearby etyma:    previous   |   next