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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: tolk-   'to speak'

Semantic Field: to Speak, Talk


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: elocucioun n elocution W7
  locucioun n locution W7
English: allocution n address AHD/W7
  circumlocution n unnecessarily many words AHD/W7
  colloquium n conference AHD/W7
  colloquy n conversation AHD/W7
  elocution n effective public speaking AHD/W7
  grandiloquence n bombast, lofty/pompous eloquence AHD/W7
  interlocution n conversation, interchange of speech AHD/W7
  locution n peculiar/particular form of phrasing/expression AHD/W7
  loquacious adj garrulous, given to excessive talking AHD/W7
  obloquy n strongly condemnatory language/utterance AHD/W7
  prolocutor n spokesman, one speaking for another AHD/W7
  soliloquy n act of talking to self AHD/W7
  ventriloquism n vocalism appearing to come from source other than speaker AHD/W7
Latin: allocutio, allocutionis n.fem speech W7
  allocutus vb.ptc spoken W7
  alloquor, alloquī vb.dep to address, speak to W7
  circumlocutio n.fem corollary to speech, avoidance of main subject W7
  colloquium n.neut conversation W7
  colloquor, colloquī vb.dep to converse W7
  elocutio, elocutionis n.fem elocution W7
  elocutus vb.ptc having spoken W7
  eloquentia, eloquentiae n.fem eloquence LRC
  eloquor, eloquī vb.dep to speak out W7
  grandiloquus adj using lofty language W7
  interlocutio, interlocutionis n.fem interruption of person speaking W7
  interlocutus vb.ptc interrupted when speaking W7
  interloquor, interloquī vb.dep to interrupt, speak between W7
  locutio, locutionis n.fem speech W7
  locutor n.masc speaker W7
  locutus vb.ptc spoken W7
  loquax, loquacis adj talkative W7
  loquor, loquī, locutus vb.dep to speak LRC
  prolocutor n.masc orator W7
Late Latin: obloquium n.neut speech against (someone/something) W7
  obloquor, obloquī vb.dep to speak against W7
  soliloquium n.neut soliloquy W7
  ventriloquus n.masc ventriloquist W7
Middle French: grandiloquence n.fem grandiloquence W7


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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