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Indo-European Lexicon

Vulgar Latin Reflex Index

Below we list 309 unique Vulgar Latin reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Vulgar Latin or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support, but fonts for only the Unicode 2.0 character set (including combining diacritics). Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 3 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Italic: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | I | J | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | Z

ReflexEtyma
abantiareant-s
abantioant-s
accollāre1. kel-
accolo1. kel-
accompleo1. pel-
accomplēre1. pel-
accordārek̑ered-
accordok̑ered-
aculentum2. ak̑-
admonestare3. men-
admonesto3. men-
admortio4. mer-
admortīre4. mer-
*adrationāre1. ar-
adventuragā-
*advērāre11. u̯er-
aetaticumaiu̯-
albaalbho-
altiare2. al-
altio2. al-
*amīcitāsam(m)a
anteanusant-s
anteoculāreok-
anteocularisok-
anteoculook-
appariculare2d. per-
appariculo2d. per-
*apprenditīciusghend-
*apticulāre1. ap-
aquariumakā-
arcaarqu-
arredarereidh-
arredoreidh-
arrestarestā-
arrestostā-
arripāre1. rei-
arripo1. rei-
*artitiānus1. ar-
assalio4. sel-
assalīre4. sel-
assaltus4. sel-
assedēresed-
assedosed-
assimulāre2. sem-
assimulo2. sem-
assuaviāresu̯ād-
assuaviosu̯ād-
attangeretag-
attangotag-
baccularebak-
bacculobak-
*bandāria1. bhā-
barbellusbhardhā
*battāliabhāt-
*bellitās2. deu-
bilanciadu̯ō(u)
*bilia2. b(e)u-
*birotiumret(h)-
bullicare2. b(e)u-
bullico2. b(e)u-
cadentia1. k̑ad-
caesorium(s)k(h)ai-
calfare2. dhē-
calfo2. dhē-
canilek̑u̯on-
capriokapro-
caprioniskapro-
captiārekap-
captiokap-
caronia4. (s)ker-
casicare1. k̑ad-
casico1. k̑ad-
certanus4. (s)ker-
charissāre2. g̑her-
charisso2. g̑her-
claria6. kel-
coacticareag̑-
coacticoag̑-
coactīreag̑-
coatioag̑-
*cochilliak̑onkho-
cominitiare1. ei-
cominitio1. ei-
commandaremə-r
commandomə-r
compassāre1. pet-
compasso1. pet-
complangere2. plāk-
complango2. plāk-
conredarereidh-
conredoreidh-
consuturasi̯ū-
contrastarestā-
contrastostā-
conviāreu̯eg̑h-
conviou̯eg̑h-
coxinuskok̑sā
credentārek̑ered-
credentok̑ered-
debitaghabh-
defensa2. ghen(-ə)-
degradusghredh-
destrugere5. ster-
disdignāre1. dek̑-
disdigno1. dek̑-
districtia2. streig-
divisāreu̯eidh-
divisou̯eidh-
dominiariumdem-
*dominicelladem-
*ebiscopusspek̑-
exaquāreakā-
exaquoakā-
excadeo1. k̑ad-
excadere1. k̑ad-
excambiāre(s)kamb-
excambio(s)kamb-
excarpsus4. (s)ker-
excuticāreku̯ēt-
excuticoku̯ēt-
exquadraketu̯er-
exquadrāreketu̯er-
exquadroketu̯er-
exquassāreku̯ēt-
exquassoku̯ēt-
extonare1. (s)ten-
extono1. (s)ten-
extragāre5. ster-
extrago5. ster-
extufa4. dheu-
extufāre4. dheu-
extufo4. dheu-
exturdiotrozdos-
exturdīretrozdos-
exvanire1. eu-
exvigilāreu̯eg̑-
exvigilōu̯eg̑-
facia2. dhē-
farsabharek-
fetodhē(i)-
fetonisdhē(i)-
fīdere1. bheidh-
fīdo1. bheidh-
figicaredhēig-
figicodhēig-
flabeolum3. bhel-
flator3. bhel-
florio4. bhel-
florīre4. bhel-
fortiabhereg̑h-
fullāre3. bhel-
fullo3. bhel-
fundita1. g̑heu-
funditum1. g̑heu-
funditus1. g̑heu-
furittus1. bher-
grevis2. ger-
impastoriarepā-
impastoriopā-
imprehendereghend-
imprehendoghend-
imputāre2. peu-
imputō2. peu-
inaltiare2. al-
inaltio2. al-
incienta1. k̑eu-
inclavareklēu-
inclavoklēu-
indictaredeik̑-
indictodeik̑-
interrareters-
interroters-
inviareu̯eg̑h-
inviou̯eg̑h-
jacitumi̯ē-
juxtāre2. i̯eu-
juxto2. i̯eu-
*lacartus2. lek-
langueo(s)lēg-
languere(s)lēg-
levamenlegh-
lumbea2. lendh-
mansionaticum5. men-
mansuetinusse-
manuariamə-r
*maramori
medalismedhi-
mercatansmerk̑-
mercatantismerk̑-
mercatāremerk̑-
mercatomerk̑-
messasmeit-
minutiāre5. mei-
minutio5. mei-
miscularemei-k̑-
misculomei-k̑-
modellus1. med-
molliāre1. mel-
mollio1. mel-
monestare3. men-
monesto3. men-
montaneus1. men-
montāre1. men-
monto1. men-
muscidus2. meug-
musculamūs
nidaxsed-
nidicāresed-
nidicosed-
operiō5. u̯er-
operīre5. u̯er-
opertura5. u̯er-
pannelluspā̆n-
pariculus2c. per-
particella2c. per-
passāre1. pet-
passo1. pet-
pastoriapā-
pendere1. (s)pen(-d)-
pendicare1. (s)pen(-d)-
pendico1. (s)pen(-d)-
pendō1. (s)pen(-d)-
penicellus3. pes-
pernulapersnā
*pēsum1. (s)pen(-d)-
petrosilium2b. per-
phantasiāre1. bhā-
phantasio1. bhā-
pincta1. peig-
pinctum1. peig-
pinctus1. peig-
pipapī̆p(p)-
pipitapei̯(ə)-
plattusplā̆t-
plictusplek̑-
pluviariuspleu-
*pratariaprā-
punctiārepeuk̑-
punctiopeuk̑-
punctionispeuk̑-
quadernumketu̯er-
quadrellumketu̯er-
quassicareku̯ēt-
quassicoku̯ēt-
rapirerep-
rasica2. rēd-
rasicāre2. rēd-
rasico2. rēd-
ratio1. ar-
rationare1. ar-
rationis1. ar-
rationo1. ar-
refusāre1. g̑heu-
refuso1. g̑heu-
renderedō-
rendididō-
renditadō-
renditusdō-
rendodō-
repropiāre2a. per-
repropio2a. per-
*retina1. ten-
riparia1. rei-
sapiussap-
scuriolusers-
scuriusers-
sequi1. sek-
sequitus1. sek-
sequor1. sek-
stantiastā-
stanticārestā-
stanticostā-
staticumstā-
stincillask̑āi-
sufferio1. bher-
sufferire1. bher-
summoneo3. men-
summonere3. men-
superanusupér
taxitāretag-
taxitotag-
tempulatemp-
tenitus1. ten-
terrinusters-
tolonium1. tel-
torcaterk-
tragināretrāgh-
traginotrāgh-
tripaliārepā̆k̑-
tripaliopā̆k̑-
tropaliumpā̆k̑-
tropare2. trep-
tropo2. trep-
tuferatēu-
turbulāre1. tu̯er-
turbulo1. tu̯er-
ustiarius1. ōus-
valutau̯al-
valutusu̯al-
venimen1. u̯en-
*veracus11. u̯er-
villutus8. u̯el-
vocitus1. eu-
volsorium7. u̯el-
volsus7. u̯el-
volvita7. u̯el-
volvitāre7. u̯el-
volvito7. u̯el-
zelosusi̯ā-

See also: Latin