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Indo-European Lexicon

Italian Reflex Index

Below we list 713 unique Italian reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Italian or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Italic: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | Z

ReflexEtyma
a1. ad-
abandonnare2. bhā-
abbraciarebh(e)reu-
accantokan-tho-
acquaakā-
acquarellaakā-
acquarelloakā-
acquatintaakā-
acquerèlloakā-
affinchèdhēig-
agostoau̯eg-
ajaau̯o-s
alaag̑-
albicoccapek-
alboreer(ə)d-
alburnoalbho-
allarme1. ar-
allentarelento-
alto2. al-
altro2. an-
altrui1. al-
amarettoom-
amaroom-
ametaam(m)a
amidaam(m)a
amoream(m)a
amorettoam(m)a
amplificare1. am-
andanteambhi
andareambhi
animare3. an(ə)-
animato3. an(ə)-
anticoant-s
antipastoant-s, pā-
applicareplek̑-
appoggiare2. pē̆d-
appoggiatura2. pē̆d-
appregiare2c. per-
apprendereghend-
apprezare2c. per-
approcciare2a. per-
approvare2a. per-
arberoer(ə)d-
arcaareq-
arcataarqu-
architettotek̑þ-
archivolto7. u̯el-
arcierearqu-
arcipelago1. plā-k-
arcitravetrē̆b-
arcoarqu-
ardoreā̆s-
aria1. u̯er-
aritmetica1. ar-
armadura1. ar-
armare1. ar-
armata1. ar-
armatura1. ar-
armi1. ar-
armistiziostā-
arpicordo5. g̑her-
arredarereidh-
arrestarestā-
arte1. ar-
arteria1. u̯er-
articolo1. ar-
articulo1. ar-
artigiano1. ar-
artiglieria1. ap-
ascrivere4. (s)ker-
asinoers-
assaggioag̑-
assaisā-
assalire4. sel-
assalto4. sel-
assemblare2. sem-
assembrare2. sem-
assisterestā-
assortire4. ser-
ateismodhēs-
atmosfera1. u̯āt-
atomo1. tem-
attaccare2. (s)teg-
attendere1. ten-
attenuare1. ten-
attestaretrei-
attigneretag-
attingeretag-
attitudine1. ap-
atto1. ap-
attorno3. ter-
attraverso3h. u̯er-
audienza8. au̯-
audienzia8. au̯-
augustoau̯eg-
aumentareau̯eg-
autenticosen-
autoreau̯eg-
avereghabh-
avunculoau̯o-s
avverare11. u̯er-
bacchiobak-
bajobadi̯os
balco5. bhel-
balcone5. bhel-
balla3. bhel-
ballare2. gel-
ballata2. gel-
balletto2. gel-
ballo2. gel-
ballone3. bhel-
ballotta3. bhel-
balod3. bhel-
bancabheg-
bancarotta2. reu-
banchettobheg-
bancobheg-
banda1. bhā-, bhendh-
banderola1. bhā-
banderuola1. bhā-
bandiera1. bhā-
bandire2. bhā-
bandito2. bhā-
bando1. bhā-, 2. bhā-
barbabhardhā
barbierebhardhā
bardascia8. u̯el-
bargagnabherg̑h-
bargagnobherg̑h-
baritono2. ger-, 1. ten-
baròccioret(h)-
barra3. bher-
battellobheid-
batterebhāt-
battifredobhereg̑h-, prāi-
battobheid-
bazarro8. u̯es-
belladònnadem-
belvedere2. u̯(e)id-
benchè2. deu-
bendabhendh-
bendarebhendh-
bevere2. pō(i)-
bevero5. bher-
biancobheleg-
biarobhlē-u̯o-s
bidellobheudh-
bilanciadu̯ō(u)
biondobhlendh-
biròccioret(h)-
biscottopek-
bistortadu̯ō(u)
bittebheid-
blùbhlē-u̯o-s
boccaccia2. b(e)u-
bolla2. b(e)u-
bollire2. b(e)u-
bordarebheredh-
bordaturabheredh-
bordellobheredh-
bordobheredh-
borgobhereg̑h-
bovegou-
braciabh(e)reu-
braciolabh(e)reu-
bragiabh(e)reu-
brandirebh(e)reu-
brandobh(e)reu-
brasciabh(e)reu-
breccia1. bhreg̑-
bresaolabh(e)reu-
brevemreg̑hu-
brigare2. ger-
brigata2. ger-
brio2. ger-
brusco3. u̯er-
buegou-
bulla2. b(e)u-
bullettino2. b(e)u-
burrogou-
butirrogou-
cabaletta1. ap-
cabolfiore4. bhel-, kau-l-
cacciakap-
cacciatorekap-
cadere1. k̑ad-
calciare4. (s)kel-
calciatore4. (s)kel-
calzatura4. (s)kel-
cameratakam-er-
camicia3. k̑em-
canagliak̑u̯on-
candelakand-
canek̑u̯on-
cantabilekan-
cantarekan-
cantatakan-
cantinakan-tho-
cantokan-, kan-tho-
cantonekan-tho-
canzonekan-
capellokap-ut
capitalekap-ut
capokap-ut
caprakapro-
capricciokap-ut
carezzakā-
caricare2. k̑ers-
caricatura2. k̑ers-
carnevalelegh-
carokā-
carolaau-lo-s
cascare1. k̑ad-
cascata1. k̑ad-
castigarek̑es-
catastrosteigh-
cavo1. k̑eu-
cavolo4. bhel-
chèko-
chiaro6. kel-, 2. (s)keu-
chiaroscuro2. (s)keu-
chiaveklēu-
chiostroklēu-
cielo(s)kāi-
cinquecèntodek̑m̥
città1. k̑ei-
cobla1. ap-
cobola1. ap-
coboletta1. ap-
colliderelaidh-
colonnato1. kel-
colore4. k̑el-
coltro1. (s)kel-
comeko-
compartire2c. per-
complimento1. pel-
complire1. pel-
conkom
concak̑onkho-
concertare4. (s)ker-
concèrto4. (s)ker-
conchak̑onkho-
condottieredeuk-
confètti2. dhē-
confètto2. dhē-
confidente1. bheidh-
consiglio3. sel-
contornare3. ter-
contorno3. ter-
contrabbando2. bhā-
controkom
corda5. g̑her-
corte4. g̑her-
corteggiare4. g̑her-
corteggio4. g̑her-
corvetta3. (s)ker-
cosìse-
costakost-
costarestā-
cotidianoko-
crederek̑ered-
crescendo2. k̑er-
crescere2. k̑er-
crinolinalī̆-no-
cucinapek-
cuócopek-
daapo-, de-
dacchēapo-
dadodō-
daredō-
davantiant-s
debilità2. bel-
delettabile1. lēk-
dettodeik̑-
dide-
diecidek̑m̥
dieta3. ai-
diredeik̑-
dispettospek̑-
diva1. dei-
docciadeuk-
docciaredeuk-
doccionedeuk-
dolcedl̥kú-
dopoapo-
dragónederk̑-
Ducedeuk-
duettodu̯ō(u)
dúna4. dheu-
duodu̯ō(u)
duomodem-
durante3. deu-
eeti
èes-
eccettokap-
edeti
eliderelaidh-
enigma5. ai-
enimma5. ai-
esaurireaus-
esilio3. ā̆l-
esserees-
expresso3. per-
faccia2. dhē-
facciata2. dhē-
falcone6. pel-
fame3. dhē-
famiglia2. dhē-
fante2. bhā-
fantòccio2. bhā-
fare2. dhē-
farinabhares-
fasciabhasko-
fasciobhasko-
fascismobhasko-
fatto2. dhē-
favabhabhā
favoreghou̯(ē)-
favorireghou̯(ē)-
favoritoghou̯(ē)-
febbredhegh-
fedele1. bheidh-
fello1. pel-
felucaselk-
fenderebheid-
fermare2. dher-
fermata2. dher-
fervore2. bher-
festadhēs-
festonedhēs-
fiammabheleg-
fianchettokleng-
fiancokleng-
fienodhē(i)-
figliadhē(i)-
figliodhē(i)-
filigranag̑er-
filogheiə-
finchèdhēig-
finodhēig-
finocchiodhē(i)-
fiore4. bhel-
fioretti4. bhel-
fioretto4. bhel-
firma2. dher-
foglia4. bhel-
forma2. mer-
formicamoru̯ī̆-
fortebhereg̑h-
fortissimobhereg̑h-
forzabhereg̑h-
fostibheu-
Frabhrā́ter-
fran̥dhos
fratebhrā́ter-
freddosrīg-
fritta6. bher-
fritto6. bher-
fronte1. bhrū-
fubheu-
fuga1. bheug-
fuggire1. bheug-
fuibheu-
fumaròla4. dheu-
fumo4. dheu-
fuocobhok-
fuoridhu̯ē̆r-
furetto1. bher-
fuso1. g̑heu-
gabellaghabh-
gala1. gel-
gambakam-p-
gambalekam-p-
gambettokam-p-
gelare3. gel(ə)-
gelatina3. gel(ə)-
gelato3. gel(ə)-
generog̑em(e)-
giargoneāt(e)r-
giraresā́u̯el-
girasolesā́u̯el-
golfo2. ku̯elp-
gonfalone2. ghen(-ə)-
graffitogerebh-
granireg̑er-
granitog̑er-
granog̑er-
grappa3. ger-
grazia4. ger(ə)-
haciadhēig-
imbrogliarebh(e)reu-
imbrogliobh(e)reu-
imprendereghend-
impresaghend-
impresarioghend-
imprestareg̑hesor-
improvvisare2. u̯(e)id-
improvviso2. u̯(e)id-
in1. en
incognito2. g̑en-
inetto1. ap-
infèrnon̥dhos
influènzabhleu-
innamoraream(m)a
innamorataam(m)a
innamoratoam(m)a
interotag-
invece4. u̯eik-
investire5. u̯es-
ioeg̑-
ippo-ek̑u̯o-s
ippogrifoek̑u̯o-s
lagunalaku-
latteglag-
legare4. leig-
legato4. leig-
leggelegh-
legumeleg̑-
lentamentelento-
lentissimolento-
lentolento-
lesinaēlā
lesionelaidh-
letaleol-(e-)
lettolegh-
linguinadn̥g̑hū
lodare3. lēu-
loggialeup-
lungo5. del-
mameg̑(h)-
Madonnadem-
madremātér-
madreporamātér-
maestàmeg̑(h)-
maestosomeg̑(h)-
maèstromeg̑(h)-
magnificomeg̑(h)-
malaria1. u̯er-
maneggiaremə-r
maneggiomə-r
manomə-r
marascaom-
maraschinoom-
marchesemereg̑-
marmo5. mer-
me1. me-
mèdico1. med-
mèrloames-
mèzzamedhi-
mezzaninomedhi-
mezzanomedhi-
mezzatintamedhi-
mèzzomedhi-
mezzorilievolegh-
minèstra5. mei-
minestrare5. mei-
minestrone5. mei-
misoneismoneu̯os
molto4. mel-
mordènte5. mer-
morire4. mer-
mosso2. meu̯-
muda2. mei-
1.
negare1.
nepotenepōt-
nepotismonepōt-
neronek-(t-)
nervosnēu-
nièllonek-(t-)
noi3. ne-
nottenek-(t-)
novee-neu̯en
novèllaneu̯os
nunzio1. neu-
nuovoneu̯os
o4. au-
obbedire8. au̯-
òcaau̯ei-
ocarinaau̯ei-
occhiook-
oda6. au̯-
oggighe-
ombrèllaandho-
omertàg̑hðem-
òpera1. op-
operaio1. op-
orcoareq-
orecchio2. ōus-
oroau̯es-
ortolano4. g̑her-
oscuro2. (s)keu-
ossia4. au-, es-
ostricaost(h)-
ottook̑tō(u)
òvoō(u̯)i̯-om
òvoloō(u̯)i̯-om
padrepətḗ(r)
paganopā̆k̑-
pagarepā̆k̑-
paglia2b. pel-
palla3. bhel-
pallamaglio1. mel-
pallone3. bhel-
panepaus-
parapèttopeg-
pararepeg-
parlare2. gel-
paro2d. per-
partire2c. per-
partita2c. per-
pastaku̯ēt-
pastèlloku̯ēt-
pasticcioapo-
pastopā-
pecora2. pek̑-
pecorino2. pek̑-
pedale2. pē̆d-
pelago1. plā-k-
pellagraag̑ro-s
pelopi-lo-
per2a. per-
perchè2a. per-
piaga2. plāk-
pianopelə-
piazzaplā̆t-
piede2. pē̆d-
pieno1. pel-
pietra2b. per-
pilòta2. pē̆d-
pinopei̯(ə)-
pioverepleu-
pistonepeis-1?
pittore1. peig-
pittoresco1. peig-
più1. pel-
pòcopōu-
podestàpoti-s
porcellanapork̑o-s
porcèllopork̑o-s
portafòglio4. bhel-
portamento2b. per-
portare4. bhel-, 2b. per-
pòrtico2b. per-
posturaapo-
poterepoti-s
poveropōu-
pratoprā-
presso3. per-
prèstog̑hesor-
prima2a. per-
primo2a. per-
profilaregheiə-
profilogheiə-
prosciutto2a. per-, 1. seu-
provare2a. per-
pruova2a. per-
puntapeuk̑-
puntigliopeuk̑-
quadroketu̯er-
quandoko-
quarantinaketu̯er-
quattrocèntodek̑m̥
quintettopenke
quintopenke
rallentarelento-
rapirerep-
ridottodeuk-
rigare1. rei-
rigato1. rei-
rilievolegh-
Risorgimento1. reg̑-
rivoletto3. er-
rivolo3. er-
rocchettaruk(k)-
rompere2. reu-
rotolareret(h)-
rotondaret(h)-
ruminarereu-smen-
ruotaret(h)-
saggioag̑-
sala1. sel-
salame1. sal-
salami1. sal-
salare1. sal-
sale1. sal-
salone1. sel-
salutesolo-
salutosolo-
salvasolo-
sanosāno-s
saperesap-
saponataseip-
saponeseip-
saporesap-
scacchikþē(i)-
scaccokþē(i)-
scaccomattokþē(i)-
scagliola1. (s)kel-
scaramuccia4. (s)ker-
scarpa4. (s)ker-
scherzare2. (s)ker-
scherzo2. (s)ker-
scòpospek̑-
scorza4. (s)ker-
scudoskē̆i-
sese-
seccoseik-
secondo1. sek-
segno1. sek-
seguire1. sek-
seies-
seicèntodek̑m̥
seminare2. sē(i)-
semplice2. sem-
sempre2. sem-
senzaes-
serraglio5. ter-
sestettosu̯ek̑s
sestinasu̯ek̑s
sestosu̯ek̑s
setteseptm̥
sfumato4. dheu-
sguardare8. u̯er-
siaes-
siamoes-
sietees-
signorasen(o)-
signoresen(o)-
sistinosu̯ek̑s
soavesu̯ād-
sobreupér
sòlesā́u̯el-
solose-
sonaresu̯en-
sonatasu̯en-
sonettosu̯en-
sonoes-
sopraupér
sopranoupér
sordina2. su̯er-
sordino2. su̯er-
sordo2. su̯er-
sottanaupo
sottanoupo
sottoupo
sovraupér
spadasp(h)ē-
spianarepelə-
spianatapelə-
spina1. (s)p(h)ē̆i-
spuntonepeuk̑-
squartareketu̯er-
stanzastā-
stivaleai-dh-
strada5. ster-
stratagèmmaag̑-
stretta2. streig-
stretto2. streig-
stringendo2. streig-
stringere2. streig-
stucco1. (s)teu-
subito1. ei-
svèllere8. u̯el-
svèlto8. u̯el-
tartufoters-, tēu-
tetū̆
telatek̑þ-
tenere1. ten-
tenuto1. ten-
tetto1. (s)teg-
toppo
tra5. ter-
travagliopā̆k̑-
travestire5. u̯es-
trecèntodek̑m̥
tri-trei-
triotrei-
tutū̆
tuttitēu-
tuttotēu-
udire8. au̯-
uomog̑hðem-
uovoō(u̯)i̯-om
vedere2. u̯(e)id-
vedettau̯eg̑-
velettau̯eg̑-
velou̯eg-
vendettadeik̑-
venerdì1. u̯en-
verismo11. u̯er-
vèrme3a. u̯er-
vermicelli3a. u̯er-
vermicello3a. u̯er-
vero11. u̯er-
verso3h. u̯er-
vescovospek̑-
vèste5. u̯es-
villau̯eik̑-
virtuosou̯ī̆ro-s
vista2. u̯(e)id-
visto2. u̯(e)id-
viva3. gei̯-
vivere3. gei̯-
vivo3. gei̯-
vòlta7. u̯el-
zabaionesap-