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Indo-European Lexicon

Low German Reflex Index

Below we list 251 unique Low German reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Low German or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

W-Germanic: A | B | D | E | F | G | H | J | K | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | V | W

ReflexEtyma
ækenagos-
āk4. au-
äkenagos-
ambolt2a. pel-
ambult2a. pel-
ander2. an-
auk4. au-
awenauq(h)-
baar5. bher-
baikebhāgó-s
bäkbhog-
bāke1. bhā-
bakkenbhē-
balke5. bhel-
ball3. bhel-
ballastklā-
bangelnbheg-
bangenbheg-
barm2. bher-
barme2. bher-
batebhā̆d-
batenbhā̆d-
beedeambhi
beer2. pō(i)-
bekebhog-
betbheid-
betel1. bhā̆u-
betenbheid-
bever5. bher-
biggebhei-
bitbheid-
bitenbheid-
biwakeu̯eg̑-
blaagbhlē-u̯o-s
blackbheleg-
blad4. bhel-
bladere3. bhel-
blare3. bhel-
blarenbhlē-
blarrenbhlē-
blasbhles-
blaubhlē-u̯o-s
bledder3. bhel-
bleien2. bhlei-
blekbheleg-
bletenbhlē-
bleusterenbhleu-(k-)
blisternbhleu-
blood4. bhel-
blüsebhleu-(k-)
blüsenbhleu-(k-)
blüskenbhleu-(k-)
blusternbhleu-
boltebheld-
bōnen1. bhā-
boogspretbhāg̑hú-s
bookbhāgó-s
boombheu-
boordbheredh-
bootbheid-
borme2. bher-
botebhā̆d-
bötel1. bhā̆u-
braam1. bherem-
breidenbherək̑-
broodbh(e)reu-
brummel1. bherem-
büle2. b(e)u-
bule2. b(e)u-
bulgebhelg̑h-
bumbhudh-m(e)n
bumbootbhudh-m(e)n
būrbheu-
buurbheu-
dagā̆g̑her-
daierndhē(i)-
dalgendhelgh-
daljendhelgh-
dallen3. dhel-
drone3. dher-
drönen3. dher-
drunsen3. dher-
dumpertem(ə)-
eke2. aig-
elfalbho-
fadem1. pet-
faem1. pet-
falenpōu-
fare3. perk̑-
fasel3. pes-
fat1. pē̆d-
fedder2. pet-
fee2. pek̑-
feere2a. per-
fegepōu-
fenne2. pen-
fere2a. per-
fijendpē(i)-
fijndpē(i)-
filt2a. pel-
fink(s)pingo-
finke(s)pingo-
finnenpent-
fiskpeisk-
fivepenke
fiwepenke
flappenplab-
flassplek̑-
fleeschplēk̑-
fleeskplēk̑-
fleetpleu-
flegepleu-
flegenpleu-
fletplā̆t-
fletenpleu-
flikkeplēk̑-
floblou-
flöblou-
floienpleu-
flojenpleu-
floodpleu-
floorpelə-
flugtpleu-
flugtenpleu-
födepā-
foderpā-
fölen3a. pel-
fommelenpei-m(i)-
foorste2a. per-
fore3. perk̑-
f̈ren2b. per-
frerenpreus-
fresenpreus-
fretened-
friprāi-
frijprāi-
frijenprāi-
frodpret-
frucht2. perg-
fründprāi-
frundprāi-
füerpeu̯ōr
ful2. pū̆-
full1. pel-
fummelnpei-m(i)-
furtenperd-
fussig2. pū̆-
fustpn̥ksti-
fuul2. pū̆-
fuustpn̥ksti-
gaan1. g̑hē-
gaddernghedh-
gadernghedh-
gaen1. g̑hē-
gan1. g̑hē-
ganteg̑han-s-
gastghosti-s
geestgheis-
gereg̑haiso-
gillenghel-
glibberig1. g̑hel-
grabben1. ghrebh-
hǣwen3. k̑em-
holstr4. k̑el-
hul1. kel-
jaar1. ei-
jar1. ei-
jung3. i̯eu-
junk3. i̯eu-
klint1. gel-
knappsackgen-
kokkpek-
korckperku-s
koreng̑eus-
kraan2. ger-
kraanbere2. ger-
krampe3. ger-
krimpen3. ger-
kring3. ger-
kringel3. ger-
kuchenkās-
maien2. am-
meien2. am-
näviger1. enebh-
naviger1. enebh-
nude1. ken-
nut1. ken-
nutt1. ken-
oegelnok-
ōk4. au-
oogok-
poggepreu-
pudel2. b(e)u-
quabbeln2. gēb(h)-
ramreugh-m(e)n-
ramkenreugh-m(e)n-
rave1. ker-
ribbesper2. rebh-
rille3. er-
roek1. ker-
rok1. ker-
rullenret(h)-
sappsap-
scholl3. (s)kel-
seesāi-
seemsei-
sippen1. seu-
slubberen(s)leup-
smelten1. mel-
smuck2. meug-
smuggeln2. meug-
snappensnā-
sommer3. sem-
soorsaus-
stopesteb(h)-
suteler4. seu-
swabber2. su̯ep-
swōgenu̯ā̆gh-
teerderu-
terren4. der-
thāhta1. tong-
thenkan1. tong-
thiadtēu-
tippen
vaderpətḗ(r)
vagelpleu-
valepōu-
vare2e. per-
vat1. pē̆d-
v̈depā-
vee2. pek̑-
veerketu̯er-
veih2. pek̑-
verblekkenbheleg-
*verdeck1. (s)teg-
voderpā-
voerpā-
vögepōu-
voot2. pē̆d-
vos1. pū̆k-
vretened-
vroodpret-
vüerpeu̯ōr
vull1. pel-
vullen1. pel-
vürpeu̯ōr
vuul2. pū̆-
wabbeln1. u̯ebh-
wakeu̯eg̑-
wind10. au̯(e)-
winter9. au̯(e)-