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Indo-European Lexicon

Middle Dutch Reflex Index

Below we list 261 unique Middle Dutch reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Middle Dutch or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

W-Germanic: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | V | W

ReflexEtyma
aen4. an-
aerde4. er-
akelagos-
ander2. an-
avontepi
baerbhoso-s
baggerbhō̆gh-
bale3. bhel-
beboerbheu-
bedeambhi
berckbherəg̑-
bere1. bhā-, 5. bher-
bergfertbhereg̑h-, prāi-
bergfredebhereg̑h-, prāi-
berme1. bherem-
bertbheredh-
betebheid-
beze1. bhā-
billebhei(ə)-, 3. bhel-
blæder3. bhel-
blaerenbhlē-
blæsen3. bhel-
blaeuwbhlē-u̯o-s
blarenbhlē-
blase3. bhel-
blāsen3. bhel-
bletenbhlē-
blinkenbheleg-
bloeme4. bhel-
bloot2. bhlēu-
blosenbhleu-(k-)
blōt2. bhlēu-
bluyster2. bhlei-
blyster2. bhlei-
bocbhū̆g̑o-s
bōdelbheu-
boechbhāg̑hú-s
boeckbhāgó-s
bolle3. bhel-
boltbheld-
bolwerc2. u̯erg̑-
bommebheu-
bommekijnbheu-
bonghepeuk̑-
bonnepeuk̑-
bootbheid-
borchbhereg̑h-
borke2. bhreg̑-
bornebh(e)reu-
braeme1. bherem-
bræyen2. bher-
brantbh(e)reu-
brantwijnbh(e)reu-
breme1. bherem-
brenghenbhrenk-
brincbhren-
brīnebhrēi-
brobh(e)reu-
broc1. bhreg̑-
broeijenbh(e)reu-
būghen3. bheug-
bule2. b(e)u-
burchbhereg̑h-
buylen2. b(e)u-
clockeklēg-
clovegleubh-
cnoppegen-
coolsaet2. sē(i)-
craaghe1. ger-
cronen2. ger-
crul3. ger-
cuchenkās-
dapperdheb-
dele2. tel-
doom4. dheu-
dorptrē̆b-
drafdhrebh-
drēte5. dher-
dreunen3. dher-
drijt5. dher-
dronen3. dher-
dus1. to-
duutschtēu-
ebbeapo-
eeke2. aig-
fir-quistengei̯ə-
gadenghedh-
gaderenghedh-
gaffelghabh(o)lo-
gaffeleghabh(o)lo-
galle1. gel-
geneeno-
getes
ghebuerbheu-
gheburebheu-
gherdeg̑herdh-
grēmeghrēi-
grīmeghrēi-
grommen2. ghrem-
grūwen2. ghrēu-
gulden1. g̑hel-
haestk̑ēi-bh-
halen6. kel-
hals1. kel-
heidenkaito-
hengek̑enk-
hertebeest1. k̑er-
hil1. kel-
hille1. kel-
hoeckeg-
hoecbootkeg-
hoekijnkag̑o-
hoep2. keu-
hommel2. kem-
houden5. kel-
hul1. kel-
huusblase3. bhel-
ir-quistengei̯ə-
kackenkakka-
kiel2. gel-
klippe1. gel-
knorregen-
legerlegh-
lichtenlegh-
lichterlegh-
lofleubh-
loopen1. ku̯elp-
manmanu-s
mannekijnmanu-s
marcgravegerebh-
marctmerk̑-
martmerk̑-
mattenootneu-d-
merschmori
mēwe1. mū̆-
mieremoru̯ī̆-
milte1. mel-
mistmeig̑h-
mite1. mai-
nocke1. ken-
not1. ken-
ongetes
ongethes
oorū̆d-
oproerk̑erə-
padpent-
padenpent-
peggebak-
pijlpi-lo-
pīlpeis-1?
pleyendhl̥gh-
pocke2. b(e)u-
quac-2. gēb(h)-
quic3. gei̯-
quistengei̯ə-
rec1. reg̑-
rimpen(s)kerb(h)-
ringen1. ker-
roeck1. ker-
roerk̑erə-
roestkred-
roge2. krek-
rollenret(h)-
roomreugh-m(e)n-
roven2. reu-
rover2. reu-
saet2. sē(i)-
sapsap-
schateren(s)k(h)ed-
schelpe1. (s)kel-
scherm4. (s)ker-
schillede1. (s)kel-
schipskē̆i-
schipperskē̆i-
schōle1. (s)kel-
schope2. (s)kē̆p-
schreef4. (s)ker-
schrinken3. (s)ker-
schriven4. (s)ker-
schrubben4. (s)ker-
schum2. (s)keu-
seesāi-
shitenskē̆i-
siekseug-
sledde(s)leidh-
slicht3. lei-
slopsleub(h)-
smackensmeg(h)-
snackensnā-
snoersnusós
snoeresnusós
somer3. sem-
sompsu̯omb(h)o-s
spannen2. sp(h)ei
spec3. sp(h)ē(i)-
spier1. (s)p(h)ē̆i-
spierlinc1. (s)p(h)ē̆i-
spike1. (s)p(h)ē̆i-
splitten(s)plei-
spoiten(s)p(h)i̯ēu-
sprayen2. (s)p(h)er-
springsperg̑h-
springhensperg̑h-
stapelsteb(h)-
steken(s)teig-
stel3. stel-
stijfstē̆ib(h)-
stripe4. ster-
stuken1. (s)teu-
sudse4. seu-
swancsu̯eng-
swijchsu̯ē̆(i)-
tac2. dek̑-
takendēg-
talch4. del-
tiden
t-oenenok-
tonghedn̥g̑hū
toomdeuk-
trappe3. der-
treden3. der-
troosederu-
twijndu̯ō(u)
twistdu̯ō(u)
varkenpork̑o-s
vastpasto-
veerdel
veest2. peis-
veldpelə-
verlofleubh-
verrompelen2a. per-
vieren2a. per-
Vlamincbheleg-
vluuwepleu-
vor-hanck̑enk-
vrachtēik-
vrīdahprāi-
vrolijc2. lē̆ig-
vuystpn̥ksti-
vuystenpn̥ksti-
wade5. au̯-
waede5. au̯-
wafel1. u̯ebh-
wafer1. u̯ebh-
wagenu̯eg̑h-
wagenschot2. (s)keud-
wāien10. au̯(e)-
walken7. u̯el-
welteren7. u̯el-
wendeltrappe3. der-
wesen1. u̯es-
wettenkē̆d-
wijs-segger2. u̯(e)id-
wiket4. u̯eik-
wimmelu̯eip-
wippenu̯eip-
wit3. k̑uei-
witinc3. k̑uei-
wrastelen3c. u̯er-