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Indo-European Lexicon

New Latin Reflex Index

Below we list 679 unique New Latin reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in New Latin or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Italic: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | X | Z

ReflexEtyma
abulia2. gel-
abuliae2. gel-
achaenium2. g̑hē-
acidantheraandh-
adeptus1. ap-
adnexa1. ned-
aechmeaā̆ik̑-
aecium3. u̯eik-
aedessu̯ād-
-aemiasei-
Aepyornis1. er-
aestheticus8. au̯-
agapanthusandh-
Ageratumg̑er-
-agogonag̑-
-agogueag̑-
agoraphobia1. ger-
Alca1. el-
alexialeg̑-
algolagnia(s)lēg-
altocumulus2. al-
altostratus2. al-
alūminaalu-
alveolusau-lo-s
alyssumu̯l̥kos
amaranthus5. mer-
amblyopia1. mel-
amenorrhea3. mē-, mēnōt
amentum3. men-
amnesia3. men-
amoebamei-g-
Amphibiaambhi, 3. gei̯-
amphimixismei-k̑-
amphioxus2. ak̑-
amplexicaulisplek̑-
Anabaenagā-
anabiosis3. gei̯-
anacrusis3. kreu-
anagrammagerebh-
anagrammatisgerebh-
analectaleg̑-
analysis2. leu-
anamnesis3. men-
anasarcatu̯erk̑-
Ancylostomastomen-
ancylostomiasisstomen-
androeciumu̯eik̑-
anemiasei-
anesthesia8. au̯-
anilingusāno-
aniseikonia3. u̯eik-
ankylosis2. ank-
anorexia1. reg̑-
anosmia1. od-
antheraandh-
anthesisandh-
anthologialeg̑-
Anthuriumers-
Anuraers-
aorta1. u̯er-
aphelionsā́u̯el-
aphonia2. bhā-
apneapneu-
apomixismei-k̑-
apophysisbheu-
apothecium2. dhē-
applicata1. ar-
apteryx2. pet-
archaeopteryx2. pet-
archegonium1. g̑en-
armistitiumstā-
arteriola1. u̯er-
artiodactylus1. ar-
astheniaseg̑h-
astragalusost(h)-
asymptotus2. pet-
atheismusdhēs-
atmosphaera1. u̯āt-
auxesisau̯eg-
avifaunaau̯ei-, dhau-
axonag̑-
azaleaā̆s-
bacteriumbak-
barbellabhardhā
barbellatusbhardhā
barbicellabhardhā
baryta2. ger-
bienniumat-
binomiumen(o)mn̥-
biota3. gei̯-
bisemūtum3. k̑uei-
bistortadu̯ō(u)
botulinusgu̯et-
bregmamregh-m(n)o-
bregmatosmregh-m(n)o-
bronchus1. ger-
bulla2. b(e)u-
byrebheu-
Calamitesk̑oləmo-s
calomelas2. kal-
calvariumkeləu̯o-
calyptra4. k̑el-
cambium(s)kamb-
carina3. kar-
carpellum4. (s)ker-
-carpium4. (s)ker-
-carpus4. (s)ker-
catameniakom, mēnōt
catatonia1. ten-
centrifugus1. bheug-
ceratodused-
chalcopyritesghel(ē̆)g̑h-
chaosg̑hēu-
chelicera1. k̑er-
chorion5. g̑her-
chrestomathiamendh-
chromium2. ghrēu-
chromonema(s)nē-
cladodium3. kel-
clavatusklēu-
-clinusk̑lei-
clitorisk̑lei-
clonus5. kel-
coleoptilum2. pet-
coleorhizau̯(e)rād-
coleus4. k̑el-
collodium1. od-
colluviumlou-
comedoed-
conidium2. ken-
cordatusk̑ered-
coreopsis4. (s)ker-
cormus4. (s)ker-
corydalis1. k̑er-
cosmopolis1. pel-
cricoides3. (s)ker-
cumulus1. k̑eu-
cutaneus2. (s)keu-
cyclosis1. kel-
cyma1. k̑eu-
cypripedium2. pē̆d-
cystisk̑u̯es-
-cyta2. (s)keu-
decagonumdek̑m̥
decantarekan-tho-
decantokan-tho-
decimalisdek̑m̥
decrepitare1. ker-
decrepitatus1. ker-
decrepitavi1. ker-
decrepito1. ker-
Deinotheriumg̑hu̯ē̆r-
delphiniumgelbh-
-derma4. der-
derma3. ter-
deuterium3. deu-
dextrorsus3. u̯er-
diagnosis2. g̑en-
dialysis2. leu-
dianthusandh-
diapedesis2. pē̆d-
diaphysisbheu-
diarthrosis1. ar-
diathesis2. dhē-
Dicentrak̑ent-
dichasiumdu̯ō(u)
diffractio1. bhreg̑-
diffractionis1. bhreg̑-
dioicusu̯eik̑-
diphtheriadeph-
diplodocus1. dek̑-
diploedu̯ō(u)
dolich-5. del-
dolichocephalus5. del-
-dromus3. der-
drosera2. ere-s-
drosophila2. ere-s-
drupapek-
dyscrasiak̑erə-
dysprosium1. ei-
ecchymosis1. g̑heu-
ecdysis1. deu-
ecesisu̯eik̑-
echidnaang(h)i-
ectasia1. ten-
ectasis1. ten-
edemaoid-
Elaps2. lep-
elasticus6. el-
elater6. el-
eluviumlou-
elytron7. u̯el-
-emiasei-
emphysema1. pū̆-
emulsiomē̆lg̑-
emunctorium2. meug-
enarthrosis1. ar-
end-1. en
endocardiumk̑ered-
endosmosis1. u̯edh-
endosteumost(h)-
endotheliumdhē(i)-
-enniumat-
enuresis9. au̯(e)-
eohippusek̑u̯o-s
Ephedrased-
epi-epi
epicardiumk̑ered-
epididymisdu̯ō(u)
epigastriumgras-
epiphysisbheu-
epistasisstā-
epitheliumdhē(i)-
eremurusers-
erythemareudh-
estrus1. eis-
ethosse-
eucalyptus4. k̑el-
euonymusen(o)mn̥-
euphoria1. bher-
eupneapneu-
eury-9. u̯er-
exegesissāg-
exergum2. u̯erg̑-
exostosisost(h)-
extrorsus3. u̯er-
facies2. dhē-
factitivus2. dhē-
factotumtēu-
fastigiatusbhares-
fastigiumbhares-
faunadhau-
febrifuga1. bheug-
fellatiodhē(i)-
fellationisdhē(i)-
fetusdhē(i)-
filariagheiə-
filumgheiə-
flabellum3. bhel-
Flagellatabhlag̑-
flagellatusbhlag̑-
Flora4. bhel-
flora4. bhel-
florilegiumleg̑-
fluorbhleu-
focībhok-
focusbhok-
folio1. reg̑-
folium4. bhel-
fornixbh(e)reu-
fossa1. bhedh-
fraxinellabherəg̑-
frustum2. bhreu-s-
fundusbhudh-m(e)n
fungibilis4. bheug-
Gallinula2. gal-
gastr-gras-
gastrulagras-
geranium2. ger-
gladiolus3. kel-
glochidiumglōgh-
glossaglōgh-
-gnathus2. g̑enu-
gomphosisg̑embh-
gonadis1. g̑en-
gonas1. g̑en-
-gonum1. g̑enu-
Grossularia3. ger-
gynoeciumgē̆nā
-gynusgē̆nā
hastatus1. g̑hasto-
haustellumaus-
haustoriumaus-
-hedronsed-
heliumsā́u̯el-
hemeralopiaāmer-
hemerocallis2. kal-
hemoptysis(s)p(h)i̯ēu-
heuristicus4. u̯er-
hibernaculum2. g̑hei-
hidrosis2. su̯eid-
hippocampusek̑u̯o-s
Hominisg̑hðem-
Homog̑hðem-
Hydra9. au̯(e)-
hyperbola2. gel-
hypochondriaghren-
hypophysisbheu-
hypostasisstā-
hypotaxistāg-
ichthyornis1. er-
imprimatur3. per-
imprimere3. per-
imprimo3. per-
incunabulum1. k̑ei-
inertia1. ar-
intercostaliskost-
iridium1. u̯ei-
jugum2. i̯eu-
-kinesiskēi-
kinesthesiakēi-
labiumlē̆b-
labrumlē̆b-
lamella2. stel-
lantanalento-
lanthanum2. lā-
lārvalas-
latexlat-
lectioleg̑-
lectionisleg̑-
libidinisleubh-
libidoleubh-
liguladn̥g̑hū
limacinus3. lei-
logarithmus1. ar-
lumbaris2. lendh-
lycanthropusu̯l̥kos
lychnisleuk-
lycopodium2. pē̆d-
lymph-eng-
lymphadeneng-
lymphadenitiseng-
lyo-2. leu-
lysis2. leu-
Malacozoaleg̑-
malleus1. mel-
mantis3. men-
manubriummə-r
manusmə-r
mastodoned-
mastodontised-
mediastinummedhi-
Megatheriumg̑hu̯ē̆r-
meninxmēmso-
meniscusmēnōt
merganserg̑han-s-
-merus(s)mer-
mesenterium1. en
mesonephroseng-
mesotheliumdhē(i)-
metallurgia2. u̯erg̑-
metanephroseng-
metastasisstā-
miasma2. mai-
micronsmē-
milium1. mel-
millenniumat-
miscibilismei-k̑-
missiosmeit-
missionissmeit-
mitochondrionghren-
mitosis4. mei-
modulus1. med-
mola1. mel-
moleculamō-
Mollusca1. mel-
momentum2. meu̯-
monoclinusk̑lei-
moratorium(s)mer-
morphallaxis1. al-
morula(s)mer-
muscaria2. mū-
mycelium7. u̯el-
mycorrhizau̯(e)rād-
-myeliamūs
myiasis2. mū-
myocardiumk̑ered-
myopiaok-
myosotis2. ōus-
nautilus1. nāus-
neotenia1. ten-
neurilemma7. u̯el-
neuroglia1. gel-
neuronsnēu-
nidussed-
noctilucaleuk-
noma1. nem-
nostalgianes-
notornis1. er-
novaneu̯os
nucellus1. ken-
nucleus1. ken-
nystagmus1. sneud(h)-
oblātus1. tel-
obstetricusstā-
ocellusok-
Octopus2. pē̆d-
ommatidiumok-
omnisciensskē̆i-
omniscientisskē̆i-
oncidium2. ank-
operculum5. u̯er-
Orchisorg̑hi-
orgasmus3. u̯erg̑-
orthoepiau̯ek-
orthōsisu̯erdh-
osmium1. od-
osmosis1. u̯edh-
ossificare2. dhē-
ossifico2. dhē-
ostium1. ōus-
ovariumō(u̯)i̯-om
ovulumō(u̯)i̯-om
oxalis2. ak̑-
oxyuriasisers-
Oxyurisers-
pachysandrabheng̑h-
palingenesis1. kel-
palpus1. pel-
pancreas1. kreu-
parabola2. gel-
parameciummāk̑-
paraplegia2. plāk-
parataxistāg-
parenchyma1. g̑heu-
paresisi̯ē-
parotidis2. ōus-
parotis2. ōus-
patina1. pet-
pedicellus2. pē̆d-
pedunculus2. pē̆d-
pelargonium6. pel-
peltatus3b. pel-
pendulum1. (s)pen(-d)-
penicillium3. pes-
perfoliata4. bhel-
pericardiumk̑ered-
perimysiummūs
perionychiumonogh-
periosteumost(h)-
peristalsis3. stel-
perithecium2. dhē-
peroneus2b. per-
pertussis1. (s)teu-
petalum1. pet-
-phagia1. bhag-
phalaropus2. pē̆d-
pharmacopoeia2. kei-
pharyngis3. bher-
pharynx3. bher-
-phasia2. bhā-
phasis1. bhā-
philodendronderu-
phloxbheleg-
phoneticus2. bhā-
-phoresis1. bher-
-phorus1. bher-
phosphorus1. bher-
-phreniaghren-
phyllocladium3. kel-
phyllodium1. od-
phylloxerak̑sē̆-ro-
-phyllum4. bhel-
-phyllus4. bhel-
phylumbheu-
Physostigma1. pū̆-
phytonbheu-
pileuspi-lo-
pinna2. pet-
pinnati-2. pet-
pinnatus2. pet-
pinnula2. pet-
pistillumpeis-1?
planulapelə-
-plasiapelə-
plasmapelə-
plasmalemma2. lep-
platinumplā̆t-
Platypoecilusplā̆t-
platypus2. pē̆d-
plenum1. pel-
plexusplek̑-
plumulapleus-
pneumoconiosis2. ken-
pneumoniapneu-
pneumonicuspneu-
-poiesis2. kei-
poliomyelitis6. pel-
pollen2b. pel-
Polygalaglag-
polygonum1. g̑enu-
porta2b. per-
portulaca2b. per-
postscriptum4. (s)ker-
procliticusk̑lei-
prolātus1. tel-
pronephroseng-
proptosis2. pet-
prosomatēu-
prostatastā-
prosthesis2. dhē-
prostomiumstomen-
prot-2a. per-
protonema(s)nē-
protonematis(s)nē-
prurigopreus-
pseudepigraphagerebh-
pterygoides2. pet-
ptosis2. pet-
pudendumpēu-
pyrosispeu̯ōr
Quercusperku-s
rabiesrabh-
ramusu̯(e)rād-
recto1. reg̑-
rectum1. reg̑-
rectus1. reg̑-
regicida1. reg̑-
regicidium1. reg̑-
Regulus1. reg̑-
retiformis5. er-
retinaculum1. ten-
rhizobium3. gei̯-
rhizomau̯(e)rād-
rhizopus2. pē̆d-
rotiformisret(h)-
-rrhagiau̯rēg̑-
rubellareudh-
rubeolareudh-
rubeolusreudh-
ruga2. reu-
saponaceusseip-
sarcomatu̯erk̑-
sartoriusserk-
scarlatina1. sek-
scholasticusseg̑h-
scholiumseg̑h-
sclera3. (s)kel-
sclerotium3. (s)kel-
scolex4. (s)kel-
scolicis4. (s)kel-
scoliosis4. (s)kel-
-scopiumspek̑-
scutumskē̆i-
scyphistomastomen-
secans2. sē̆k-
secantis2. sē̆k-
sēmen2. sē(i)-
sequestrum1. sek-
Sertularia4. ser-
seta3. sē(i)-
sextanssu̯ek̑s
sextantissu̯ek̑s
sinistrorsus3. u̯er-
sixtinussu̯ek̑s
Sixtussu̯ek̑s
solum3. su̯el-
sorustēu-
spathasp(h)ē-
spectrumspek̑-
spinifex2. dhē-
splanchnicussp(h)elg̑h(en)
spora2. (s)p(h)er-
staticusstā-
statisticusstā-
sternum5. ster-
stertorpster-
stheniaseg̑h-
stipellastē̆ib(h)-
stipesstē̆ib(h)-
stipitisstē̆ib(h)-
stipulastē̆ib(h)-
stomastomen-
stomatisstomen-
stomodaeumsed-
strabismus1. (s)ter-
stratus5. ster-
strepto-1. (s)ter-
streptomyces2. meug-
striga4. ster-
strigosus4. ster-
strobilus1. (s)ter-
Strophanthusandh-
subsumereem-
subsumoem-
suctorius1. seu-
sudorificus2. su̯eid-
symbiosis3. gei̯-
symphysisbheu-
syndesmosisdē-
synergida2. u̯erg̑-
synergismus2. u̯erg̑-
synesisi̯ē-
synkaryon3. kar-
syringomyeliamūs
syssarcosistu̯erk̑-
tachicardia2. dhengh-
tacticatāg-
tarchonderk̑-
tarsusters-
-taxistāg-
tectricis1. (s)teg-
tectrix1. (s)teg-
tegmen1. (s)teg-
tegmentum1. (s)teg-
tegminis1. (s)teg-
telangiectasia1. ten-
tele-2. kel-
telekinesiskēi-
teleologialeg̑-
tele-scopiumspek̑-
telium1. kel-
tellurium2. tel-
tenaculum1. ten-
tetrahedronsed-
thallusdhā̆l-
thaumaturgus2. u̯erg̑-
theca2. dhē-
thenar2. dhen-
Theobroma1. ger-
-theriumg̑hu̯ē̆r-
-thermiagher-
thigmotaxisdheig̑h-
Thuja4. dheu-
thurifer4. dheu-
-thymia4. dheu-
-tomia1. tem-
tonus1. ten-
torticollis1. kel-
trabeculatrē̆b-
Tracheophytabheu-
trachoma1. dher-
tractiotrāgh-
tractionistrāgh-
transpicuusspek̑-
transudare2. su̯eid-
transudo2. su̯eid-
trapezium2. pē̆d-
treponema(s)nē-
tricepskap-ut
trichuriasisers-
Trichurisers-
tricipitiskap-ut
trilliumtrei-
triskelion4. (s)kel-
tritiumtrei-
trochlea1. dhregh-
trogon3. ter-
Trypanosoma3. ter-
tubifex2. dhē-
typhus4. dheu-
ulna8. el-
umbellaandho-
unciforme2. ank-
unciformis2. ank-
uncinaria2. ank-
uncus2. ank-
undina9. au̯(e)-
unguiculatusonogh-
urediniumeus-
ureter9. au̯(e)-
-urgia2. u̯erg̑-
-uria9. au̯(e)-
-urusers-
vaccinusu̯ā̆kā
valva7. u̯el-
valvula7. u̯el-
vanadium1. u̯en-
vanilla1. u̯ā̆g-
variola2. u̯ā-
velumu̯eg-
verbena3b. u̯er-
vermicularis3a. u̯er-
victor2. u̯eik-
Victoria2. u̯eik-
villus8. u̯el-
volvox7. u̯el-
vortex3h. u̯er-
vorticis3h. u̯er-
vulva7. u̯el-
xeniaghosti-s
zamiaā̆s-
Zeai̯eu̯o-
zooglea1. gel-
-zoon3. gei̯-
zoon3. gei̯-
zygoma2. i̯eu-
zygomatos2. i̯eu-