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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

Fans of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings may appreciate the source & meaning tips that pop up when the mouse pointer hovers over a non-obvious word or name that he coined from Indo-European (usually Old English or Old Norse) stock. But only reflexes of PIE etyma can be included, and these tend to concentrate in the vocabulary of Rohan and the Shire.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: bhabhā   'bean'

Semantic Field: Bean

 

Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Celtic  
Welsh: ffaen n bean CDC
English  
Old English: bēan/biēn n.fem bean IEW/ASD
Middle English: ben(e) n bean CDC
English: Bamfurlong prop.n farm name in Tolkien: The Lord of the Rings LRC
  bean n edible seed borne by legumes AHD/W7
  favela n slum, shantytown AHD
  phacoemulsification n cataract surgery via ultrasonic lens fragmentation AHD
W-Germanic  
Dutch: boon n.fem bean CDC
Middle Low German: bone n bean CDC
Old High German: bōna/pōna n.fem bean W7/ASD
Middle High German: bōne n.fem bean CDC
German: Bohne n.fem bean CDC
N-Germanic  
Old Norse: baun n.fem bean IEW
Icelandic: baun n bean CDC
Danish: bönne n.fem bean CDC
Swedish: böna n.fem bean CDC
Italic  
Latin: faba n.fem bean CDC
Portuguese: fava n bean TLL
  favela n.dim favela AHD
Spanish: hava n bean TLL
French: fève n bean TLL
Italian: fava n bean TLL
Baltic  
Old Prussian: babo n bean CDC
Slavic  
Old Church Slavonic: bobŭ n bean CDC
Russian: bobŭ n bean CDC

 

Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
dim=diminutive
fem=feminine (gender)
n=noun
prop=proper

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
ASD=Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller: An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1898)
CDC=W.D. Whitney and B.E. Smith: The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1889-1911)
IEW=Julius Pokorny: Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (1959)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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