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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: bhlīg̑- : *bhlēig-   'to hit, strike, inflict'

Semantic Field: to Hit, Strike, Beat

 

Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
English  
Middle English: afflight adj disturbed, frightened AHD
  afflighten/afflicten vb to afflict W7
  conflict n conflict W7
English: afflict vb.trans to humble, overthrow AHD/W7
  conflict n disagreement AHD/W7
  inflict vb.trans to give by striking AHD/W7
  profligate adj given to dissipation/licentiousness AHD/W7
Italic  
Latin: afflīgō, afflīgere, afflictus vb to cast down W7
  cōnflīctus, cōnflīctūs n.masc act of striking together W7
  cōnflīgō, cōnflīgere, cōnflictus vb to strike together W7
  flīgō, flīgere vb to strike W7
  īnflīgō, īnflīgere, īnflīctus vb to knock W7
  prōflīgō, prōflīgāre, prōflīgātus vb to strike down W7
Slavic  
Old Church Slavonic: blizь prep near (to) LRC
Hellenic  
Greek: thlibein vb to squeeze W7

 

Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
adj=adjective
masc=masculine (gender)
n=noun
prep=preposition
trans=transitive
vb=verb

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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