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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: 6. el-, elə- : lā-, el-eu-(dh-)   'to go, move, drive'

Semantic Fields: to Go; to Move; to Drive

 

Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Celtic  
Old Irish: luid vb.3.sg.pret he went W7
English  
Middle English: proselite n proselyte W7
English: elasmobranch adj fish with lamellate gills, incl. shark/ray/chimaera AHD/W7
  elastic adj able to recover size/shape after deformation AHD/W7
  elater n click beetle AHD/W7
  elaterite n dark brown elastic resin AHD/W7
  proselyte n neophyte, new convert AHD/W7
W-Germanic  
German: Elaterit n elaterite W7
Italic  
Late Latin: proselytus n.masc proselyte, alien resident W7
New Latin: elasticus adj ductile W7
  elater n.masc click beetle W7
Hellenic  
Greek: elasmos n.masc metal plate W7
  elatēr n.masc driver W7
  ἐλαύνω vb to drive, set in motion LRC
  elthein vb to go W7
  -ήλυτος sfx (one who has) come LRC
  προσήλυτος n.masc convert LRC
Late Greek: elastos adj ductile, beaten W7
Armenian  
Classical Armenian: elanem vb to come, go up LRC
  ełanim vb to become LRC

 

Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
3=3rd person
adj=adjective
masc=masculine (gender)
n=noun
pret=preterite (tense)
sfx=suffix
sg=singular (number)
vb=verb

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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