Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our
own English gloss; our Semantic Field
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
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Pokorny Etymon: 2. tap- 'to press down/together'
|Old Icelandic:||þefja||vb||to stamp||RPN|
|Russian:||tópat', tópnut'||vb||to stamp (one's foot)||RPN|
|Greek:||ταπεινός||adj||lowly, humble, downtrodden||RPN|
|Sanskrit:||saṁ-tápati||vb||to oppress, torment, torture||RPN|
|sáṁ-tapyate||vb||to be oppressed, afflicted||RPN|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
|RPN||=||Allan R. Bomhard: Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic (2002)|