Hans C. Boas, Director :: PCL 5.556, 1 University Station S5490 :: Austin, TX 78712 :: 512-471-4566
PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes
Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our
own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked
to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived
words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order
where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary
emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as
single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but
alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard
order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.
Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s);
a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the
oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always
understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear
below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's
alphabetic order] that have reflexes.
All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on,
corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.
Note: this page is for systems/browsers
with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages.
Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links
(see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1)
in the left margin.
Pokorny Etymon: tor-, toro-s 'loud, distinct, audible'
Semantic Field: Loud
|Family/Language|| ||Reflex(es)|| ||PoS/Gram.|| ||Gloss|| ||Source(s)|
|Baltic|| || |
|Lithuanian:|| ||tar̃ti, tãria, tãrė|| ||vb|| ||to say|| ||LRC|
Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:
Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):
|LRC||=||Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin|
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