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Indo-European Lexicon

PIE Etymon and IE Reflexes

Below we display: a Proto-Indo-European (PIE) etymon adapted from Pokorny, with our own English gloss; our Semantic Field assignment(s) for the etymon, linked to information about the field(s); an optional Comment; and Reflexes (derived words) in various Indo-European languages, organized by family/group in west-to-east order where Germanic is split into West/North/East families and English, our language of primary emphasis, is artificially separated from West Germanic. IE Reflexes appear most often as single words with any optional letter(s) enclosed in parentheses; but alternative full spellings are separated by '/' and "principal parts" appear in a standard order (e.g. masculine, feminine, and neuter forms) separated by commas.

Reflexes are annotated with: Part-of-Speech and/or other Grammatical feature(s); a short Gloss which, especially for modern English reflexes, may be confined to the oldest sense; and some Source citation(s) with 'LRC' always understood as editor. Keys to PoS/Gram feature abbreviations and Source codes appear below the reflexes; at the end are links to the previous/next etyma [in Pokorny's alphabetic order] that have reflexes.

All reflex pages are currently under active construction; as time goes on, corrections may be made and/or more etyma & reflexes may be added.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Pokorny Etymon: u̯eg-   'to bind, weave'

Semantic Fields: to Bind; to Weave


Indo-European Reflexes:

Family/Language Reflex(es) PoS/Gram. Gloss Source(s)
Middle English: revelen vb to reveal W7
  veile n veil W7
English: reveal vb.trans to make known via divine inspiration AHD/W7
  veil n cloth worn by woman to cover head/face/shoulders AHD/W7
  velarium n awning over ancient Roman theater/amphitheater AHD/W7
  velum n membrane likened to veil/curtain AHD/W7
  vexillum n square flag of ancient Roman cavalry AHD/W7
  voile n fine soft sheer fabric used for curtains/summer clothing AHD/W7
Latin: revelo, revelāre vb to reveal, uncover W7
  velamen, velaminis n.neut cover, clothing LRC
  velarium n.neut covering W7
  vēlō, velāre, velāvī, velātum vb to veil, cover LRC
  velum n.neut veil W7
New Latin: velum n.neut covering W7
Portuguese: véu n veil TLL
Spanish: velo n veil TLL
Old North French: veile n.masc veil W7
French: révéler vb to reveal W7
  voile n.fem veil, voile; sail W7
Italian: velo n veil TLL


Key to Part-of-Speech/Grammatical feature abbreviations:

Abbrev. Meaning
fem=feminine (gender)
masc=masculine (gender)
neut=neuter (gender)

Key to information Source codes (always with 'LRC' as editor):

Code Citation
AHD=Calvert Watkins: The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots, 2nd ed. (2000)
LRC=Linguistics Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
TLL=Frederick Bodmer: The Loom of Language (1944)
W7=Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary (1963)

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