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Indo-European Lexicon

Portuguese Reflex Index

Below we list 294 unique Portuguese reflex spellings (words and affixes) in an alphabetic order suitable for the language family. Every spelling is linked to one or more pages, each showing a Proto-Indo-European etymon from which the reflex is derived along with other reflexes (in Portuguese or other languages) derived from the same PIE etymon. A multi-morpheme reflex may, like English werewolf, be derived from multiple PIE etyma; or a single spelling may, like English bear or lie, represent multiple reflexes derived from different PIE etyma.

Note: this page is for systems/browsers with Unicode® support and fonts spanning the Unicode 3 character set relevant to Indo-European languages. Versions of this page rendered in alternate character sets are available via links (see Unicode 2 and ISO-8859-1) in the left margin.

Italic: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | V | X

ReflexEtyma
a1. ad-
abitasbheid-
abrazarbh(e)reu-
agostoau̯eg-
aguaakā-
aiaau̯o-s
alaag̑-
albinoalbho-
amaam(m)a
amplificar1. am-
anil2. nei-
antaanətā
antesant-s
applicarplek̑-
apprehenderghend-
apprendizghend-
approvar2a. per-
apreçar2c. per-
apto1. ap-
aquighe-
arcaareq-
archipelago1. plā-k-
arcoarqu-
arcticoŕ̥k̑þo-s
ardorā̆s-
arithmetica1. ar-
armada1. ar-
armadilho1. ar-
armadura1. ar-
armar1. ar-
armas1. ar-
armisticiostā-
arqueiroarqu-
arreiarreidh-
arrestarstā-
arte1. ar-
arteria1. u̯er-
artesão1. ar-
articulo1. ar-
artigo1. ar-
artilharia1. ap-
arvoreer(ə)d-
asnoers-
assalto4. sel-
assassā-
assazsā-
assistirstā-
assonanciasu̯en-
atacar2. (s)teg-
atheismodhēs-
atmosphera1. u̯āt-
atomo1. tem-
attender1. ten-
attenuar1. ten-
attestartrei-
audiencia8. au̯-
augmentarau̯eg-
augustoau̯eg-
authenticosen-
autorau̯eg-
bailadeira2. gel-
bailar2. gel-
baile2. gel-
baiobadi̯os
bala3. bhel-
balãa3. bhel-
balançadu̯ō(u)
ballada2. gel-
bancabheg-
bancobheg-
bandabhendh-
bandannabhendh-
bandeira1. bhā-
bandir2. bhā-
bando2. bhā-
banian1. u̯en-
barbabhardhā
barganhabherg̑h-
barra3. bher-
baterbhāt-
beber2. pō(i)-
bedelbheudh-
bicho-do-marmori
biseldu̯ō(u)
blaobhlē-u̯o-s
boigou-
bola2. b(e)u-
bonzo2. ghen(-ə)-
bordabheredh-
bordadurabheredh-
bordarbheredh-
bordobheredh-
bradonbh(e)reu-
brancobheleg-
brandirbh(e)reu-
braonbh(e)reu-
brazabh(e)reu-
brazonbh(e)reu-
brevemreg̑hu-
bulir2. b(e)u-
burgobhereg̑h-
cabeçakap-ut
cabelokap-ut
cabrakapro-
cair1. k̑ad-
camisa3. k̑em-
cantarkan-
caramelok̑oləmo-s
carokā-
castak̑es-
castigark̑es-
castok̑es-
centavodek̑m̥
céu(s)kāi-
chamabheleg-
chaveklēu-
cheio1. pel-
choverpleu-
cima1. k̑eu-
claro6. kel-
claustroklēu-
collidirlaidh-
comkom
comoko-
comprador2d. per-
conselho3. sel-
contrakom
côr4. k̑el-
corpo-santosak-
costakost-
crerk̑ered-
crioulo2. k̑er-
curral2. k̑ers-
cuspidouro(s)p(h)i̯ēu-
cuspir(s)p(h)i̯ēu-
custarstā-
dede-
debaixobed-
debilidade2. bel-
deleitarel1. lēk-
depoisapo-
desdeeg̑hs
deus1. dei-
dezdek̑m̥
dia1. dei-
dieta3. ai-
doudoers-
doveko-
durante3. deu-
eeti
elidirlaidh-
em1. en
enigma5. ai-
ensaioag̑-
entre1. en
escudoskē̆i-
esteau̯es-
estivarstē̆ib(h)-
exceptokap-
exhauriraus-
exilio3. ā̆l-
fado2. bhā-
falar2. bhā-
falcão6. pel-
família2. dhē-
farinhabhares-
favabhabhā
favelabhabhā
fazer2. dhē-
febredhegh-
feitiço2. dhē-
fenderbheid-
fenodhē(i)-
fervor2. bher-
festadhēs-
fiel1. bheidh-
filhadhē(i)-
filhodhē(i)-
fiogheiə-
fogobhok-
fôlha4. bhel-
fome3. dhē-
foradhu̯ē̆r-
fôrçabhereg̑h-
forma2. mer-
formigamoru̯ī̆-
fortebhereg̑h-
frente1. bhrū-
friosrīg-
frito6. bher-
fugir1. bheug-
fumo4. dheu-
furão1. bher-
genrog̑em(e)-
grãog̑er-
haverghabh-
hojeghe-
homemg̑hðem-
inepto1. ap-
inteirotag-
lado2. stel-
legumeleg̑-
leilegh-
leiteglag-
leitolegh-
lesãolaidh-
lethalol-(e-)
ligar4. leig-
lojaleup-
longo5. del-
louvar3. lēu-
lugar3. stel-
mandarim3. men-, mə-r
marmeladameli-t
mármore5. mer-
masmeg̑(h)-
melaçomeli-t
merlãoames-
milho1. mel-
morrer4. mer-
negar1.
negronek-(t-)
nem1.
nervosnēu-
noitenek-(t-)
novee-neu̯en
novoneu̯os
obedecer8. au̯-
obéir8. au̯-
obreiro1. op-
oda6. au̯-
oitook̑tō(u)
olhaauq(h)-
ôlhook-
ondeko-
orelha2. ōus-
ostraost(h)-
ou4. au-
ouroau̯es-
outro2. an-
ouvir8. au̯-
ôvoō(u̯)i̯-om
padrepətḗ(r)
pagãopā̆k̑-
pagarpā̆k̑-
pagoda1. bhag-
paipətḗ(r)
palavra2. gel-
palha2b. pel-
pãopaus-
2. pē̆d-
peão2. pē̆d-
pedra2b. per-
pelopi-lo-
pesar1. (s)pen(-d)-
pobrepōu-
poderpoti-s
por2a. per-
porêm2a. per-
porque2a. per-
pradoprā-
praga2. plāk-
prova2a. per-
provar2a. per-
puxar2a. pel-
quandoko-
queko-
rolarret(h)-
rua2. reu-
ruminarreu-smen-
sabersap-
saborsap-
sal1. sal-
sãosāno-s
saúdesolo-
sese-
seivasap-
semseni-
semear2. sē(i)-
seteseptm̥
sôbreupér
tanto1. to-
telatek̑þ-
ter1. ten-
teto1. (s)teg-
trabalhopā̆k̑-
través3h. u̯er-
trigo3. ter-
vendabhendh-
venderbhendh-
véuu̯eg-
vivo3. gei̯-
xaquekþē(i)-