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Early Indo-European Texts

New Testament Greek

Winfred P. Lehmann and Jonathan Slocum

This page contains a text in New Testament Greek with a modern English translation. This particular text and its translation are extracted from a lesson in the Early Indo-European Online series, where one may find detailed information about this text (see the Table of Contents page for New Testament Greek Online in EIEOL), and general information about the New Testament Greek language and its speakers' culture.

from the 2nd Gospel (Mark), chapter 4

4:1 Καὶ πάλιν ʼήρξατο διδάσκειν παρὰ τὴν θάλασσαν, καὶ συνάγεται πρός αὐτὸν ʼόχλος πλει̂στος, ʽώστε αὐτὸν εἰς πλοι̂ον ἐμβάντα καθη̂σθαι ἐν τῃ̂ θαλάσσῃ, καὶ πα̂ς ὁ ʼόχλος πρὸς τὴν θάλασσαν ἐπὶ τη̂ς γη̂ς ʼη̂σαν. 4:2 καὶ ἐδίδασκεν αὐτοὺς ἐν παραβολαι̂ς πολλὰ, καὶ ʼέλεγεν αὐτοι̂ς ἐν τῃ̂ διδαχῃ̂ αὐτου̂.

4:3 ἀκούετε, ἰδοὺ ἐξη̂λθεν ὁ σπείρων σπει̂ραι. 4:4 καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῳ̂ σπείρειν ʽό μὲν ʼέπεσεν παρὰ τὴν ὁδόν, καὶ ʽήλθεν τὰ πετεινὰ καὶ κατέφαγεν αὐτό. 4:5 Καὶ ʼάλλο ʼέπεσεν ἐπὶ τὸ πετρω̂δες ʽόπου οὐκ εʼι̂χεν γη̂ν πολλὴν, καὶ εὐθὺς ἐξανέτειλεν διὰ τὸ μὴ ʼέχειν βάθος γη̂ς. 4:6 καὶ ʽότε ἀνέτειλεν ὁ ʽη̂λιος ἐκαυματίσθη καὶ διὰ τὸ μὴ ʼέχειν ῥίζαν ἐξηράνθη. 4:7 καὶ ʼάλλο ʼέπεσεν εἰς τὰς ἀκάνθας, καὶ ἀνέβησαν αἱ ʼάκανθαι καὶ συνέπνιξαν αὐτό, καὶ καρπὸν οὐκ ʼέδωκεν. 4:8 καὶ ʼάλλα ʼέπεσεν εἰς τὴν γη̂ν τὴν καλήν, καὶ ἐδίδου καρπὸν ἀναβαίνοντα καὶ αὐξανόμενα, καὶ ʼέφερεν εἰς τριάκοντα καὶ ἐν ἑξήκοντα καὶ ἐν ἑκατόν.

4:9 καὶ ʼέλεγεν, ʽὸς ʼέχει ʼω̂τα ἀκούειν ἀκουέτω.

4:10 Καὶ ʽότε ἐγένετο κατὰ μόνας ἠρώτων αὐτὸν οἱ περὶ αὐτὸν σὺν τοι̂ς δώδεκα τὰς παραβολάς. 4:11 καὶ ʼέλεγεν αὐτοι̂ς, ὑμι̂ν τὸ μυστήριον δέδοται τη̂ς βασιλείας του̂ θεου̂. ἐκείνοις δὲ τοι̂ς ʼέξω ἐν παραβολαι̂ς τὰ πάντα γίνεται, 4:12 ʽίνα

        βλέποντες βλέπωσιν καὶ μὴ ʼίδωσιν,
        καὶ ἀκούοντες ἀκούωσιν καὶ μὴ συνιω̂σιν,
        μήποτε ἐπιστρέψωσιν
        καὶ ἀφεθῃ̂ αὐτοι̂ς.


8:36 (memory verse) -

τί γὰρ ὠφελει̂ ʼάνθρωπον κερδη̂σαι τὸν κόσμον ʽόλον καὶ ζημιωθη̂ναι τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτου̂;

Translation

From the King James version:
4:1 And he began again to teach by the sea side: and there was gathered unto him a great multitude, so that he entered into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the whole multitude was by the sea on the land. 2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,
3 Hearken; Behold, there went out a sower to sow: 4 And it came to pass, as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and the fowls of the air came and devoured it up. 5 And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: 6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. 7 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 8 And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.
9 And he said unto them, He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
10 And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable. 11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables: 12 That
seeing they may see, and not perceive;
and hearing they may hear, and not understand;
lest at any time they should be converted,
and their sins should be forgiven them.
8:36 (memory verse) --
For what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul?