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Early Indo-European Texts

Old Persian

Scott L. Harvey and Jonathan Slocum

This page contains a text in Old Persian with a modern English translation. This particular text and its translation are extracted from a lesson in the Early Indo-European Online series, where one may find detailed information about this text (see the Table of Contents page for Old Iranian Online in EIEOL), and general information about the Old Persian language and its speakers' culture.

Old Persian: excerpt from DNa

1 baga vazraka Auramazdâ hya imâm 2 bűmim adâ hya avam asmânam 3 adâ hya martiyam adâ hya 4 shiyâtim adâ martiyahyâ 5 hya Dârayavaum xshâyathiyam akunaush 6 aivam parűvnâm xshâyathiyam 7 aivam parűvnâm framâtâram 8 adam Dârayavaush xshâyathiya vazraka 9 xshâyathiya xshâyathiyânâm 10 xshâyathiya dahyűnâm vispazanânâm 11 xshâyathiya ahyâyâ bűmiyâ 12 vazrakâyâ dűraiapiy Vishtâspahyâ 13 puc*a haxâmanishiya pârsa pârsahyâ 14 puc*a ariya ariyacic*a

30  thâtiy 31 Dârayavaush xshâyathiya Auramazdâ yathâ 32 avaina imâm bűmim yaudatim 33 pasâvadim manâ frâbara mâm xshâyathiyam 34 akunaush adam xshâyathiya 35 amiy vashnâ Auramazdâhâ adamshim 36 gâthavâ niyashâdayam tyashâm 37 adam athaham ava akunava yathâ mâm 38 kâma âha yadipatiy maniyâhaiy tya 39 ciyakaram âha avâ dahyâva 40 tyâ Dârayavaush xshâyathiya 41 adâraya patikarâ dîdiy tyaiy gâthum 42 baratiy avadâ xshnâsâhy 43 adataiy azdâ bavâtiy pârsahyâ 44 martiyahyâ dűraiy arshtish 45 parâgmatâ adataiy azdâ bavâtiy 46 pârsa martiya dűrayapiy hacâ Pârsâ 47 partaram patiyajatâ thâtiy 48 Dârayavaush xshâyathiya aita tya kartam 49 ava visam vashnâ Auramazdâhâ 50 akunavam Auramazdâmaiy upastâm abara 51 yâtâ kartam akunavam mâm 52 Auramazdâ pâtuv hacâ gastâ utâmaiy 53 vitham utâ imâm dahyâum aita adam 54 Auramazdâm jadiyâmiy aitamaiy 55 Auramazdâ dadâtuv


1 Great is the god Ahura Mazda, who 2 created this earth, who 3 created this sky, who created mankind, who 4 created happiness for mankind, 5 who made Darius the king, 6 one king of many, 7 one overlord of many. 8 I [am] Darius: great king, 9 king of kings, 10 king of the lands of all men, 11 king on this great earth 12 far and wide, son of Hystaspes 13 an Achaemenid, a Persian, son 14 of a Persian, an Aryan of Aryan descent ...
30 ... Darius the king declares: 31 When Ahura Mazda 32 saw the [peoples of] the earth rising up, 33 he then bestowed it upon me. He 34 made me king, [and therefore] I 35 am king. By the will of Ahura Mazda 36 I put it down in [its] place. 37 They did that which I asked of them, as 38 was my wish. [And] if you would wonder, 39 "How many were those countries 40 which Darius the King 41 held?" look at the reliefs [of those] who 42 bear the throne. Then you will know. 44 "The spear of a Persian man has 45 gone forth a great distance." [And] thus it will become known to you: 46 "A Persian man has done 47 battle far indeed from Persia." Darius the King 48 declares: I did all this which has been done 49 by the will of Ahura Mazda. 50 Ahura Mazda bore me aid 51 until I accomplished the task. 52 May Ahura Mazda protect me from evil, and 53 my house, and this country. This I 54 pray to Ahura Mazda: may Ahura Mazda 55 give this to me.