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Early Indo-European Texts

Old Persian

Scott L. Harvey and Jonathan Slocum

This page contains a text in Old Persian with a modern English translation. This particular text and its translation are extracted from a lesson in the Early Indo-European Online series, where one may find detailed information about this text (see the Table of Contents page for Old Iranian Online in EIEOL), and general information about the Old Persian language and its speakers' culture.

Old Persian: excerpt from XPh

28  th‚tiy Xshay‚rsh‚ 29 xsh‚yathiya yath‚ tya adam 30 xsh‚yathiya abavam astiy atar ait‚ 31 dahy‚va tyaiy upariy nipisht‚ 32 ayauda pas‚vamaiy Auramazd‚ upast‚m 33 abara vashn‚ Auramazdah‚ ava dahy‚vam 34 adam ajanam utashim g‚thav‚ nÓsh‚dayam 35 ut‚ atar ait‚ dahy‚va ‚ha yad‚tya 36 paruvam daiv‚ ayadiya pas‚va vashn‚ 37 Auramazdah‚ adam avam daivad‚nam 38 viyakanam ut‚ patiyazbayam daiv‚ 39 m‚ yadiyaisha yad‚y‚ paruvam daiv‚ 40 ayadiya avad‚ adam Auramazd‚m ayadaiy 41 art‚c‚ brazmaniya ut‚ aniyashca 42 ‚ha tya dushkartam akariya ava adam 43 naibam akunavam aita tya adam 44 akunavam visam vashn‚ Auramazdah‚ akunavam 45 Auramazd‚maiy upast‚m abara 46 y‚t‚ kartam akunavam tuva k‚ hya 47 apara yadimaniy‚iy shiy‚ta ahaniy 48 jÓva ut‚ marta art‚v‚ ahaniy 49 avan‚ d‚t‚ parÓdiy tya Auramazd‚ 50 niyasht‚ya Auramazd‚m yadaish‚ 51 art‚c‚ brazmaniya martiya hya avan‚ 52 d‚t‚ pariyaita tya Auramazd‚ 53 nÓsht‚ya ut‚ Auramazd‚m yadataiy 54 art‚c‚ brazmaniya hauv ut‚ jÓva 55 shiy‚ta bavatiy ut‚ marta art‚v‚ 56 bavatiy

Translation

28 ... Xerxes the King 29 declares: Since [the time] that I 30 have become king, there is among those 31 lands inscribed above [one that] 32 was rising up. And thereupon, Ahura Mazda 33 bore me aid. By the will of Ahura Mazda I struck [that] country 34 down and I [now] put it down in [its] place. 35 And among these lands there was [also] one where 36 the daivas were once worshipped; [but] later, by the will 37 of Ahura Mazda, I uprooted that altar to the daivas, 38 and proclaimed: "The daivas 39 shall not be worshipped!" [Then,] 40 being reverent, I worshipped Ahura Mazda and Truth where the daivas were worshipped once before. 41 And there was yet another thing 42 that had been done for ill, [and] that I 43 made right, [too]. All this that I did, 44 I did by the will of Ahura Mazda. 45 Ahura Mazda bore me aid, 46 as long as I was doing the deed. [And] if you who [would come] 47 after [me] should think, "May I be happy 48 [as long as I am] living, may I be blessed [when I am] dead," 49 [then] on account of that, honor the laws which Ahura Mazda has 50 set down. You, being reverent, should worship Ahura Mazda 51 and Truth. The man who, on account of that, 52 honors the laws which Ahura Mazda sets 53 down, and [who], being reverent, worships Ahura Mazda 54 and Truth, both becomes happy [as long as he is] living 55 and becomes blessed 56 [when he is] dead ...