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Early Indo-European Texts

Ancient Sanskrit

Karen Thomson and Jonathan Slocum

This page contains a text in Ancient Sanskrit with a modern English translation. This particular text and its translation are extracted from a lesson in the Early Indo-European Online series, where one may find detailed information about this text (see the Table of Contents page for Ancient Sanskrit Online in EIEOL), and general information about the Ancient Sanskrit language and its speakers' culture.

Rigveda III, 33, 4-8

enā́ vayám páyasā pínvamānā
ánu yóniṃ devákr̥taṃ cárantīḥ
ná vártave prasaváḥ sárgataktaḥ
kiṃyúr vípro nadíyo johavīti

rámadhvam me vácase somiyā́ya
ŕ̥tāvarīr úpa muhūrtám évaiḥ
prá síndhum áchā br̥hatī́ manīṣā́
avasyúr ahve kuśikásya sūnúḥ

índro asmā́m̐ aradad vájrabāhur
ápāhan vr̥trám paridhíṃ nadī́nām
devó anayat savitā́ supāṇís
tásya vayám prasavé yāma urvī́

pravā́ciyaṃ śaśvadhā́ vīríyaṃ tád
índrasya kárma yád áhiṃ vivr̥ścát
ví vájreṇa pariṣádo jaghāna
ā́yann ā́po áyanam ichámānāḥ

etád váco jaritar mā́pi mr̥ṣṭhā
ā́ yát te ghóṣān úttarā yugā́ni
ukthéṣu kāro práti no juṣasva
́ no ní kaḥ puruṣatrā́ námas te

Translation

[The streams:] In this way we, swelling with plenty,
Are going to the home made by the god.
The flood in spate is not to be hindered.
The poet entreats the streams; what does he want?
[The poet:] Rest for my inspired speech, O holy ones,
For a moment in your courses;
A lofty poem goes out to the river.
Desiring help I, son of Kushika, have made the invocation.
[The streams:] Weapon-armed Indra dug us,
He struck away the demon imprisoner of the streams.
Lovely-handed Savitar conducted us,
At his impelling we broad ones go.
[The poet:] That heroic deed is evermore to be celebrated,
Indra's act that he cut the snake in pieces.
He struck apart the surrounding coils;
Off went the waters, longing to be gone.
[The streams:] Do not forget this speech, O singer,
Which future generations will resound for you.
Honour us in holy songs, O bard;
Do not let us down, as a man. Honour to you.