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Early Indo-European Texts

Ancient Sanskrit

Karen Thomson and Jonathan Slocum

This page contains a text in Ancient Sanskrit with a modern English translation. This particular text and its translation are extracted from a lesson in the Early Indo-European Online series, where one may find detailed information about this text (see the Table of Contents page for Ancient Sanskrit Online in EIEOL), and general information about the Ancient Sanskrit language and its speakers' culture.

Rigveda VIII, 18, 4-12

devbhir devi adite
ristabharman gahi
smt srbhih purupriye surmabhih

t h putrso diter
vidr dvsmsi ytave
amh cid uruckrayo anehsah

ditir no dv pam
ditir nktam dvayh
ditih ptu mhasah sadvrdh

ut sy no dv matr
ditir tiy gamat
s mtti myas karad pa srdhah

ut ty davy bhisj
m nah karato avn
yuyuytm it rpo pa srdhah

m agnr agnbhih karac
chm nas tapatu sriyah
m vto vtu arap pa srdhah

pmvm pa srdham
pa sedhata durmatm
dityso yuytan no mhasah

yuyt rum asmd m
ditysa utmatim
rdhag dvsah krnuta vivavedasah

tt s nah rma yachata
dity yn mmocati
nasvantam cid nasah sudnavah


With gods, O divine Aditi,
Unfailing in support, come hither;
Together with the tutelary princes, O beloved.
For they, the sons of Aditi,
Know to keep enmities away;
Freeing from all anxiety, the peerless ones.
Let Aditi by day, Aditi by night
Trustworthy, guard our cattle --
Aditi, ever beneficent, protect from trouble.
And that our thought by day:
Aditi will come with help.
She will make blessed happiness, banish misfortunes.
And those divine healers,
The two horsemen, will bless us,
Let them keep sickness from here, keep away misfortunes.
Agni will bless with fires,
Let the sun warm a blessing for us;
Let the wholesome wind blow a blessing, blow away misfortunes.
Away affliction, away misfortune,
Drive envy far away.
O sons of Aditi, keep us from trouble.
Keep the arrow far from us,
Adityas, and lack of thought.
Set hatred on one side, all-knowing ones.
Extend it surely to us,
O liberal sons of Aditi,
The refuge freeing even the sinful man from sin.