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Early Indo-European Texts

Ancient Sanskrit

Karen Thomson and Jonathan Slocum

This page contains a text in Ancient Sanskrit with a modern English translation. This particular text and its translation are extracted from a lesson in the Early Indo-European Online series, where one may find detailed information about this text (see the Table of Contents page for Ancient Sanskrit Online in EIEOL), and general information about the Ancient Sanskrit language and its speakers' culture.

Rigveda VI, 21, 2-6

tm u stusa ndaram y vdno
grvhasam grbhr yajvrddham
ysya dvam ti mahn prthivyh
purumysya riric mahitvm

s t tmo avayunm tatanvt
sriyena vaynavac cakra
kad te mrt amrtasya dhma
yaksanto n minanti svadhvah

ys t cakra s kha svid ndrah
km jnam carati ksu viks
ks te yaj mnase m vrya
k ark indra katamh s ht

id h te vvisatah purjh
pratnsa sh purukrt skhyah
y madhyamsa ut ntansa
utvamsya puruhta bodhi

tm prchnto varsah prni
pratn ta indra rtiynu yemuh
rcmasi vra brahmavho
yd ev vidm tt tv mahntam


Him now I praise, Indra, who is wise,
Brought by song, by means of songs, strengthened by worship;
Of whom -- beyond heaven in greatness, wonderful --
The majesty exceeds the earth.
He it is makes the darkness, extending without distinction
With the sun to be distinct.
When do mortals, longing to worship the just law of you, the immortal one,
Not transgress it, O self-powerful?
Who does those things, where pray is that Indra?
What people does he frequent, among which settlements?
Which worship is blessed, O Indra, to your understanding,
To your wish; which eulogy, which the celebrant of many?
For at this moment there are belonging to you, O indefatigable one, those born aforetime,
Ancient friends, you who does much;
Those who are from the middle past, and those now existing,
And, O much invoked, observe the most recent one.
Invoking him, the more recent ones
Have reached out to your former ancient deeds of fame, Indra.
Just in as much as we understand,
So do we praise you, hero brought by prayer, mighty one.