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Mark D. Hayward, Director 305 E. 23rd Street, Stop G1800 78712-1699 • 512-471-5514

Sandra E. Black

Faculty Research Associate Ph.D., Harvard University

Professor of Economics, Audre and Bernard Rapaport Centennial Chair in Economics and Public Affairs
Sandra E. Black

Contact

  • Phone: 512-4713294
  • Office: BRB 2.102D; CLA 2.408F
  • Office Hours: By Appointment
  • Campus Mail Code: C3100

Biography

Sandra E. Black holds the Audre and Bernard Rapoport Centennial Chair in Economics and Public Affairs and is a Professor of Economics.  She received her B.A. from UC Berkeley and her Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University.  Since that time, she worked as an Economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and an Assistant, Associate, and ultimately Professor in the Department of Economics at UCLA before arriving at the University of Texas, Austin in 2010. She currently is the Editor of the Journal of Human Resources, a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), and a Research Affiliate at IZA.  Her research focuses on the role of early life experiences on the long-run outcomes of children, as well as issues of gender and discrimination. 

Keynote-EALE, Bonn 2012

Keynote--EALE, Bonn, 2012

 

 


 

Note that I have THREE great graduate students on the market this year--check them out under the Graduate Students link!

 


 

Here are some interesting new projects I am working on:

On the Origins of Risk Taking in Financial Markets, (Joint with Paul Devereux, Petter Lundborg, and Kaveh Majlesi).  There is a large correlation between parents' tendency to participate in risky financial markets and that of children. Understanding the mechanisms through which parents transfer the tendency to participate in risky markets has important implications for understanding the determinants of participation and persistence of inequality in holding risky assets. However, it is difficult to distinguish the effect of pre-birth factors from the post-birth factors using datasets that relate children to the parents that raise them. Adoption at very early ages creates an opportunity to do that as it allows us to examine the effects of environmental and pre-birth factors in a situation where children have no genetic relationship with their (adoptive) parents. In this paper we use administrative data on a large sample of adoptees born in Sweden between 1932-1980, matched with their adoptive as well as biological parents, to identify the role of pre-birth environment in risky market behavior and provide evidence on the role of different mechanisms through which post-birth environment could affect financial market decisions. (Paper available soon!)


Breaking the Glass Ceiling? The Effect of Board Quotas on Female Labor Market Outcomes in Norway, (Joint with Marianne Bertrand, Sissel Jensen, and Adriana Lleras-Muney)

In the news: NY Times, The Nation


This Is Only a Test? Long-Run and Intergenerational Impacts of Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout, (Joint with Aline Bütikofer, Paul Devereux, and Kjell Salvanes).  NBER Working Paper #18987, most recent version July 2014.


Does Grief Transfer across Generations?  Bereavements during Pregnancy and Child Outcomes, (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes) NBER Working Paper #19979, most recent version July 2014. 


Picking a Winner?  Using College Readiness Indicators to Predict College Success, (Joint with Kalena E. Cortes and Jane Arnold Lincove)


Can you Leave High School Behind? (Joint with Jenna Cullinane, Rachel Douglas, and Jane Lincove).  NBER working Paper #19842, 2014.

 

CV

Publications

Cash or Care?  The Effect of Childcare Subsidies on Academic Outcomes, (Joint with Paul Devereux, Katrine Loken, and Kjell Salvanes) forthcoming, Review of Economics and Statistics.

Under Pressure?  The Effect of Peers on Outcomes of Young Adults.  Journal of Labor Economics, vol 31(1), pages 119-153, 2013.  (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes.)                                   


Too Young to Leave the Nest?  The Effects of School Starting Age.  Review of Economics and Statistics, vol 93(2), pages 455-467, May 2011.  (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes.)


Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility, in Handbook of Labor Economics, Orley Ashenfelter and David Card, editors, North Holland Press, Elsevier, 2011.  Also available as NBER Working Paper Number 15889, April 2010. (Joint with Paul Devereux)


Housing Valuation and School Performance, in Handbook of the Economics of Education, Eric Hanushek, Stephen Machin, and Ludger Wossman, editors, North Holland Press, Elsevier, 2011.  (Joint with Stephen Machin).


Explaining Women’s Success:  Technological Change and the Skill Content of Women’s Work.  Review of Economics and Statistics, February 2010.  (Joint with Alexandra Spitz-Oener.)


Like Father, Like Son?  A Note on the Intergenerational Transmission of IQ Scores.  NBER Working Paper #14274, August 2009, Economics Letters.  (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes.)


Staying In the Classroom and Out of the Maternity Ward? The Effects of Compulsory Schooling Laws on Teenage Births. Economic Journal, July 2008. (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes.)


Small Family, Smart Family? Family Size and the IQ Scores of Young Men, NBER Working Paper #13336, August 2007, Journal of Human Resources, Winter, 2009. (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes.)


 From the Cradle to the Labor Market? The Effect of Birth Weight on Adult Outcomes, Quarterly Journal of Economics, March 2007. (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes.


 The More the Merrier? The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Children’s Education Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 2005. (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes).


 Why the Apple Doesn’t Fall Far: Understanding the Intergenerational Transmission of Education, American Economic Review, March 2005. (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes).


 Importing Equality? The Effects of Globalization on Gender Discrimination, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 57(4), 540-559, July 2004. (Joint with Elizabeth Brainerd).


 What’s Driving the New Economy: Understanding the Role of Workplace Practices, Economic Journal, 114(493), F97-116, February 2004. (Joint with Lisa Lynch).


 How Workers Fare When Employers Innovate, Industrial Relations,  43(1), 44-66, January 2004. (Joint with Lisa M. Lynch and Anya Krivelyova).


 Entrepreneurship and Bank Structure, Journal of Finance, 57(6), 2807-33, December, 2002. (Joint with Philip Strahan).


 The Division of Spoils: Rent Sharing and Discrimination in a Regulated Industry, American Economic Review, 91(4), 814-31, September 2001. (Joint with Philip Strahan).


 How to Compete: The Impact of Workplace Practices and Information Technology on Productivity, Review of Economics and Statistics, 83(3), 434-445, August 2001. (Joint with Lisa M. Lynch). Awarded Honorable Mention for the Minnesota Award honoring the best article published in a refereed journal on the role of institutions in the employment relationship or labor market in the last two years.


 The Rise of Female Professionals: Women’s Response to Rising Skill Demand, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 90(2), 450-455, May 2000. (Joint with Chinhui Juhn).


 Investigating the Link between Competition and Discrimination, Monthly Labor Review, December 1999.


 Do Better Schools Matter? Parental Valuation of Elementary Education, Quarterly Journal of Economics, May 1999.


 Meet The New Borrowers, Federal Reserve Bank of New York Current Issues in Economics and Finance, February 1999. (Joint with Donald P. Morgan).


 Beyond the Incidence of Training, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 55(1), 6481, October 1998. (Joint with Lisa M. Lynch).


 Measuring the Value of Better Schools, Economic Policy Review, March 1998.


The New Workplace: What Does It Mean for Productivity? Industrial Relations Research Association Papers and Proceedings, 60-67, 1998. (Joint with Lisa M. Lynch).


Human Capital Strategy and Productivity Outcomes, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 86(2), 263-267, May 1996. (Joint with Lisa M. Lynch).

 

Working Papers

Breaking the Glass Ceiling? The Effect of Board Quotas on Female Labor Market Outcomes in Norway, (Joint with Marianne Bertrand, Sissel Jensen, and Adriana Lleras-Muney)


This Is Only a Test? Long-Run and Intergenerational Impacts of Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout, (Joint with Aline Bütikofer, Paul Devereux, and Kjell Salvanes).  NBER Working Paper #18987, most recent version July 2014.


Does Grief Transfer across Generations?  Bereavements during Pregnancy and Child Outcomes, (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes). NBER Working Paper #19979, March 2014, most recent version July 2014.


Picking a Winner?  Using College Readiness Indicators to Predict College Success, (Joint with Kalena E. Cortes and Jane Arnold Lincove)


Can you Leave High School Behind? (Joint with Jenna Cullinane, Rachel Douglas, and Jane Lincove).  NBER working Paper #19842, 2014.


Losing Heart?  The Effect of Job Displacement on Health, (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes). NBER Working Paper #18660, 2012, forthcoming, Industrial and Labor Relations Review.


Older and Wiser? Birth Order and IQ of Young Men.  NBER Working Paper #13237, July 2007. (Joint with Paul Devereux and Kjell Salvanes.)

Graduate Students



Jeff Denning

Jeff Denning is a 5th year Ph.D. student and 2014 NAED/Spencer Dissertation Fellowship recipient doing research in Labor Economics and Public Economics with a focus on the Economics of Education. His research focuses on the impact of college costs on student behavior and outcomes. Specifically he has a paper currently under revision for the Journal of Human Resources that explores the effects of incentives for students to study science and math in college by examining the federal SMART Grant program. He and his coauthor, Patrick Turley, find that students do respond to financial incentives and enroll in STEM fields at a higher rate.  A separate project examines the effects of community college tuition on enrollment as well as the effect of community college on educational attainment and labor market outcomes. In addition to these observational studies, he has an experiment in field that examines the impact of information about tax incentives for college on tax credit take-up and student behavior.

You can find out more about Jeff here:  https://sites.google.com/site/jeffdenningecon/


Qian Lu

Qian Lu is a 5th year Ph.D student in the department of Economics at the University of Texas at Austin. Her research interests are labor economics and public policy analysis. She is currently looking at the role of deepening automation  in explaining the flat four-year college wage premium in the 2000s. Another study on technological change examines the link between computerization and the closing of male-female wage gap, and finds that MSAs where more women use computers at workplace than men have witnessed a greater closing of male-female wage gap between 1980 and 2000. She is also interested in the impact of cognitive and non-cognitive skills on the decision of internal migration by race and gender, and the spillover effect of EITC on less-educated single young men.

You can find out more about Qian here: https://sites.google.com/site/qianluatutexas/


Chester Polson

Chester Polson is a 5th year PhD candidate in the department of Economics at the University of Texas at Austin interested in education policy analysis and labor economics. His current research focuses on the impact high stakes exit exams in Texas have on students beyond the end of high school and the effects of obtaining specific sub-baccalaureate degrees on labor force outcomes. Previously, Chester has looked at the impact of large merit scholarship programs in Tennessee and on the role work-study financial aid plays on obtaining tertiary degrees with the Workforce Data Quality Initiative (WDQI) Grant under the advising of Professor Chris King (Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Policy, University of Texas at Austin) and Professor Sandra Black (Department of Economics, University of Texas at Austin). He is also on the board of directors for Manna Project International, a 501(c)(3) non-profit that focuses on international community development.

You can find out more about Chet here: https://sites.google.com/site/chesterpolson/


Emily Weisburst

Emily Weisburst is a 4th year Ph.D. student with a research focus in labor economics. Her work addresses topics in education, criminal justice and workplace productivity. She is currently studying the effects of school district desegregation court orders on long-term outcomes of students in Texas. Emily also works as a research associate for the RAND Corporation on joint projects with the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board that investigate aspects of developmental education initiatives in community colleges. Prior to graduate school, Emily worked as a research associate for Professor Paul Gompers at Harvard Business School and has a working paper with Paul Gompers, Yuhai Xuan and Vladimir Mukharlyamov on the gender performance gap in the venture capital industry.


SOME PREVIOUS GRADUATE STUDENTS

 

Kaveh Majlesi (Lund University)

Marcus Dillender (Upjohn Institute)

 

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