AMS 395C • BRAZILIAN LEFT, 1900-PRESENT
11:00 AM-12:00 PM
This course examines the effects of immigration and anarchist ideas from southern Europe at the turn of the century, social conditions, labor unrest starting early in the century, the struggles between Communism and anarchism, the leftist revolution of 1935, the subsequent repression of the Left, and the career of Luiz Carlos Prestes. Attention is given to European movements, Moscow's switches (of Comintern and post-Comintern policy), and World War II, as they affected the Brazilian Left. Also the effects in Brazil of the downfall of European Communism.
Other matters: The schism that followed Khruschev's Destalinization speech, the Catholic Left, intellectuals, Trotskyites, the influences of China and Cuba and "nationalism," and "peasant leagues." Also examined: the schisms in the Left following the 1964 military takeover, the Left's efforts at recovery, including terrorism, the Left since Brazil's redemocratization, labor leader Lula, the Workers' party, the CUT and other recent labor organizations, student unions, liberation theology, as well as recent elections. Also the MST (unrest, including killings, resulting from movement by the landless in Brazil). Some attention will be given to the current Lula presidency.
(subject to change with new publications.) Some of the following are required reading. Instructor hopes to make reading materials available on a loan basis. John D. French, The Brazil Workers' ABC J.W.F. Dulles, Brazilian Communism The Texas Quarterly, Spring '72, an article, "The Brazilian Left." Osvaldo Peralva, O Retrato (translation into English). Branford and Kucinski, Brazil: Carnival of the Oppressed.