AMS 321 • African American History Since 1860
11:00 AM-12:30 PM
Assessments of the historic experience of African Americans from the Civil War and Reconstruction to the Civil Rights Era and the Second Reconstruction, i.e., the post Civil Rights Era from the 1970s through the 1990s, provide the focus of this course. It begins with a review of the social, economic and political conditions of Black Americans during the Civil War and Reconstruction. In the immediate first post-Reconstruction, the Exodus of 1879 is considered along with the founding and building of Black Towns. Also emphasis placed on the legal and extralegal means, including violence, which led to the disfranchisement and segregation of Blacks at the turn of the century. The ideologies of black leaders during that period, including W.E.B. Du Bois, Booker T. Washington, Ida B. Well, and Marcus Garvey are compared. Also, the Great Migration of the WWI era and the rise of the black urban ghetto provide the focus for examining the early twentieth century experience of Black Americans. The Harlem Renaissance and the conditions of blacks in the Great Depression and WWII to the 1954 Brown decision provide the basis for an introduction to the Black Freedom Movement in the 1960s.
The lectures emphasize important events in both the Civil Rights and Black Power Movements. Assessments are made of the riots in the 1960s. The ideologies of black leaders, Dr. Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Stokeley Carmichael, Jesse Jackson, and the rise of elected black political leaders are examined. The course ends with commentaries on the retrenchment in affirmative action policies, the late twentieth century black conservatism, the impact of multiculturalism on Black America, the development of the African American Hip Hop youth culture and assessments on the impact of America's changing racial demographics on African Americans in the twenty-first century. Throughout the course, special emphasis will be placed on the business activities of African Americans: first, to underscore the economic self-help tradition that is usually ignored in the study of the Black Experience; and second, to provide a basis to understand the emerging Civil Rights Movement for the Twenty-First century with its focus on Black Economic Empowerment
Possible Texts Franklin, John H. and Alfred Moss, From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans 8th ed Holt, T. and Barkley-Brown, E. Major Problems in African American History 1865-1990s, vol 1 Kitwana, Bakari, Hip Hop Generation: Young Blacks and Crisis in African American Culture Martin, Waldo E., Brown v. Board of Education Walker, Juliet E. K., History of Black Business in America: Capitalism, Race, Entrepreneurship Below Your Choice (Choose One of the following) Hutchinson, Earl O., The Assassination of the Black Male Image McWhorter, John H., Losing the Race: Self-Sabotage in Black America Parker, Gwendolyn M., Trespassing: My Sojourn in the Halls of Privilege Robinson, Randall N., The Debt: What American Owes to Blacks