ANT 391 • Human Rights/Multiculturalism
9:00 AM-12:00 PM
In recent years, the implementation of neoliberal policies throughout Latin America has implied not only the reformulation of State economic and social policies, but the redefinition of the relationship between States and their populations. It is in this context that both the flourishing of rights-based demands and constitutional reforms recognizing cultural diversity and indigenous rights implemented in a number of countries must be understood. In these processes, human rights discourses have played a fundamental and contradictory role. On the one hand, they have served as the basis of indigenous peoples? demands for collective rights and autonomy, as defined in international laws/standards. But on the other hand, the concept of individual human rights has served the State as the basis for limiting collective rights and the recognition of autonomy. This paradox raises questions regarding not only individual and collective conceptions of human rights but their multiple meanings and uses in different cultural contexts. It also calls for us to think critically about multiculturalism and legal pluralism, and their relationship to the neo-liberal State. In this course, we will examine and discuss, from a critical perspective, issues regarding multiculturalism, indigenous and human rights, constitutional reforms, and their multiple effects (libratory or oppressive) in the struggle for democracy and social justice in the neo-liberal States of Latin America.