ANT 383M • Technological Analysis: Lithics
2:00 PM-5:00 PM
Lithic artifacts constitute the bulk of the prehistoric archaeological record, and not just that of hunter-gatherers. Regardless of your ultimate goals in archaeology-whether you intend to pursue a career in academia, museum research or cultural resource management-knowledge of lithic artifacts and lithic analysis is a fundamental and valued skill. This course will use reading/discussion and hands on experience to introduce you to: 1) different types of lithic artifacts and technologies, 2) the sorts of questions that are asked of stone tools and 3) the different types of information stone tools can provide. Examples will be drawn from around the world and from societies with different levels of socio-political complexity. The focus will be on flaked stone technology but ground stone technology will be addressed as well. The course will be organized around several core components, including: 1) methods of description, 2) experimental applications (like flintknapping), 3) use wear analysis, 4) refitting, 5) technological organization/behavioral inference and 6) presentation of the results of lithic analysis.
In the class, you will have the flexibility to explore your own interests within the field of lithic analysis, and the course will give you the opportunity to work with materials relevant to your own research. However, having your own existing research project or access to a lithic assemblage is not a prerequisite. Nor is prior experience with lithics.
Andrefsky, William Jr. (1998) Lithics: Macroscopic Approaches to Analysis. Cambridge Manuals in Archaeology. Cambridge University, Cambridge. Odell, George H. (2004) Lithic Analysis. Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory, and Technique. Klewer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York. In addition, a course packet will be available for purchase. Optional Textbooks: Adams, Jenny L. (2002) Ground Stone Analysis: A Technological Approach. The University of Utah, Salt Lake City. Turner, Ellen Sue and Thomas R. Hester (1999) A Field Guide to Stone Artifacts of Texas Indians, 3rd edition. Gulf Publishing, Lanham. Whittaker, John C. (1994) Flintknapping: Making and Understanding Stone Tools. University of Texas, Austin.