ANS 372 • Gender/ Sex/Family in Indian Religion/Cultures
9:00 AM-10:00 AM
This course will provide the student with a comprehensive historical overview of gender issues as they are represented in the great textual traditions of India (these categories include Vedic materials, medical literature, treatises on law and sexual behavior, and texts that outline the great debates over questions of gender identity and salvation preserved for us in certain Jaina and Buddhist materials). To make these classical texts more relevant, readings in recent anthropological studies will also be included to enable the student to trace recurring themes, images, and symbols. The student will thereby gain a sense of continuity of traditions and attitudes as well as generative innovations and contemporary variants within them. We will begin by looking at various narratives and descriptions of ritual, paying particular attention to sexual symbolism in Vedic poetry, as well as gender roles and sexuality in Vedic ritual. We will then explore different legal and moral aspects of gender roles, sexuality, and identity in classical India, followed by an examination of the ways in which gender identity is medicalized in early Sanskrit texts from the Ayurvedic traditions of North India. We will read a psychoanalytic study of Indian sexuality, and will then move to the southern part of the subcontinent, where we will look at an ethnographic study of pleasure and desire within the bounds of a village family in contemporary Tamilnadu. We will then explore some of the more sexually "marginalized" communities in India by examining current writing on gay and lesbian issues, and by critically examining Serena Nanda's popular book on the hijras ("eunuchs). During the last few weeks of the course, we will consider texts that probe the intriguing and complex relationship between sexuality and spiritual salvation.
Research paper (15-20 pgs) 30% Two short reaction essays (3-5 pgs ea) 20% Mid-term 25% Final exam 25%
Nanda, Serena. Neither Man nor Woman: The Hijras of India Jamison, Stephanie W. Sacrificed Wife/Sacrificers Wife: Women, Ritual, and Hospitality in Ancient India Kakar, Sudhir. Intimate Relations: Exploring Indian Sexuality Shaw, Miranda. Passionate Enlightenment: Women in Tantric Buddhism Vatsyayana. The Kama Sutra of Vatsyayana (Burton trans.) Trawick, Margaret. Notes on Love in a Tamil Family Selvaduri, Shyam. Funny Boy Shaw, Miranda. Passionate Enlightenment:Women in Tantric Buddhism Course packet of additional readings