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Dr. Martha Selby, Chair 120 INNER CAMPUS DR STOP G9300 WCH 4.134 78712-1251 • 512-471-5811

Mark Metzler

Professor Ph.D., 1998, University of California, Berkeley

Mark Metzler

Contact

Biography

Research interests

Modern Japanese History; Global History; Historical Political Economy.

My newest book is entitled Capital as Will and Imagination: Schumpeter's Guide to the Postwar Japanese Miracle (Cornell University Press, 2013). My subject is the nature of modern capital creation, with Japan's experience serving as a case study.  Asian-style high-speed growth, pioneered in Japan in the 1950s, represents capitalist industrial development in its most intensified form. To understand this process, I turn to a neglected side of Joseph Schumpeter's theory of economic development: the nexus of money creation by banks, investment, and inflation. The shadow of credit is debt, and the worldwide debt bubbles of recent times reveal the limits of the twentieth-century growth model. 

My earlier book, Lever of Empire: The International Gold Standard and the Crisis of Liberalism in Prewar Japan (University of California Press, 2006), examined how finance-driven policies led central bankers and government officials deliberately to induce a series of economic depressions in early twentieth-century Japan. These culminated in the depression of 1929-1931; the fascist reaction that followed destroyed the prewar liberal system.

These studies are part of a larger research program aimed at grasping the history of Japan in the "long duration" of centuries and in its wider East Asian and global contexts.

Education

PhD in History (East Asia/Japan), University of California, Berkeley; MA in Comparative Social History, University of California, Santa Cruz; BA in International Relations, Stanford University. Additional coursework at Osaka City University, Inter-University Center for Japanese Language Studies, Yokohama, Beijing Language Institute, and the Freie Universitat Berlin.

Courses taught

History of globalization, Japanese history (early modern through postwar), capitalism and global history, the political economy of Japan, empire and globalization in East Asia.

Affiliations

Kyoto University, Institute for Research in the Humanities, 2010–12. University of Tokyo, Institute of Social Science, 2003-04.

ANS 372 • East/West: Spirit/Intel Encoun

31935 • Fall 2014
Meets TH 1100am-200pm GAR 1.122
(also listed as HIS 350L )
show description

This upper-division seminar provides a forum for exploring some spiritual and intellectual encounters of “East” and “West,” with a focus on ideas of mind, spirit, and consciousness. “East” and “West” are relative and relational terms, directions rather than places. They are relative, mutual, and shape-shifting. As metaphors they are generative and multivalent; when one starts to look, one finds many Easts and Wests at play, as various as the “Oriental philosophy” of Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Xuanzang’s “journey to the West” to discover the Heart Sutra, and the Zen journeys of the West Coast beatniks. In this exploration of comparisons and connections, we will encounter a full house of canonical figures including Zhuangzi, Zhu Xi, Avicenna, Ibn ‘Arabi, Hume, Swedenborg, Blake, Nietzsche, Tagore, and Jung, along with some brilliant but less well known thinkers. We will spend much of our time in the open spaces between civilizational control systems. Many of the texts are dense and difficult, reflections of deep and often distant traditions. They need to be read slowly and with care. They also repay sincere inquiry with new vistas and unexpected bounties.

Texts:

Readings include Joanna Macy, Mutual Causality in Buddhism and General Systems Theory; Jonathan Spence, The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci; and many online readings TBA.

Grading:

1. Participation in class discussion:  one overall grade, worth 20% of the course grade.

2. Eight papers of 1.5 pages each on weekly readings (altogether, 40% of the course grade).

3. Midterm essay (20% of course grade).

4. Final essay (partial revision of midterm essay; 20%).

ANS 341K • Origins Of Modern Japan

32110 • Spring 2014
Meets TTH 930am-1100am UTC 4.112
(also listed as HIS 341K )
show description

Same as Asian Studies 341K. This course examines Japan’s early modern age, from the end of the warring-states period in the 1500s to the stirrings of the industrial revolution in the mid 1800s.  The main focus is on the period of government by the Tokugawa shoguns (1600–1867), the final era of samurai rule.  Topics include social and economic change, national isolation and national opening, the Meiji revolution, and the origins of modern nationalism, imperialism, and democracy.   We pay special attention to the subjective experiences of Japanese men and women who lived and created Japan’s distinctive path to modernity.

Global Cultures flag.

Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

Texts:

Conrad Totman, Early Modern Japan, University of California Press, 1993.

Katsu Kokichi, Musui’s Story: The Autobiography of a Tokugawa Samurai, trans. Teruko Craig, University of Arizona Press, 1991.

Yamakawa Kikue, Women of the Mito Domain, trans. Kate Wildman Nakai, Stanford University Press, 2001.

And other readings TBA.

 Course requirements:•   two midterm exams (worth 20% each)

•   two essays on class readings (15% each)

•   final exam (20%)

•   active class participation (10%). Attendance is required.

ANS 341N • Postwar Japan

31805 • Fall 2013
Meets MWF 1000am-1100am UTC 4.110
(also listed as HIS 342C )
show description

This course begins by examining the transition from war, defeat, and military occupation to the economic miracle of the 1960s.  Japan’s high-speed industrial growth established the model for a new kind of accelerated development that has since unfolded across Asia.  These political and economic transformations were also social and personal, encompassing the remaking of family structures and ideologies.  The greatest lessons may lie in the aftermath of high-speed growth, in the transformations that accompanied the deflation of the economic bubble after 1990.  The semester concludes with a consideration of present trajectories and possible futures.

 Texts:

1. Andrew GORDON, A Modern History of Japan, third edition (Oxford University Press, 2013).

2. John W. DOWER, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Aftermath of World War II (W.W. Norton/New Press, 1999).

3. R. Taggart MURPHY, The Weight of the Yen (W. W. Norton, 1997).

4. OCHIAI Emiko, The Japanese Family System in Transition (Tokyo: LTCB International Library Foundation, 1996).

5. Simon PARTNER, Toshié: A Story of Village Life in Twentieth-Century Japan (University of California Press, 2004).

6. Handouts, online, and electronic reserve readings as specified over the course of the semester

 Grading:

• two midterm exams (worth 20% each)

• two essays on class readings (15% each)

• final exam including take-home essays (25%)

• active class participation (5%)

ANS 372 • East/West: Spirit/Intel Encoun

31850 • Fall 2013
Meets W 300pm-600pm GAR 0.120
(also listed as HIS 350L )
show description

This upper-division seminar provides a forum for exploring some spiritual and intellectual encounters of “East” and “West,” with a focus on ideas of mind, spirit, and consciousness. “East” and “West” are relative and relational terms, directions rather than places. They are relative, mutual, and shape-shifting. As metaphors they are generative and multivalent; when one starts to look, one finds many Easts and Wests at play, as various as the “Oriental philosophy” of Ibn Sina (Avicenna), Xuanzang’s “journey to the West” to discover the Heart Sutra, and the Zen journeys of the West Coast beatniks. In this exploration of comparisons and connections, we will encounter a full house of canonical figures including Zhuangzi, Zhu Xi, Avicenna, Ibn ‘Arabi, Hume, Swedenborg, Blake, Nietzsche, Tagore, and Jung, along with some brilliant but less well known thinkers. We will spend much of our time in the open spaces between civilizational control systems. Many of the texts are dense and difficult, reflections of deep and often distant traditions. They need to be read slowly and with care. They also repay sincere inquiry with new vistas and unexpected bounties.

 

Texts:

Readings include Joanna Macy, Mutual Causality in Buddhism and General Systems Theory; Jonathan Spence, The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci; and many online readings TBA.

Grading:

1. Participation in class discussion:  one overall grade, worth 20% of the course grade.

2. Eight papers of 1.5 pages each on weekly readings (altogether, 40% of the course grade).

3. Midterm essay (20% of course grade).

4. Final essay (partial revision of midterm essay; 20%).

ANS 341K • Origins Of Modern Japan

31575 • Fall 2012
Meets TTH 930am-1100am UTC 3.102
(also listed as HIS 341K )
show description

Same as Asian Studies 341K. This course examines Japan’s early modern age, from the end of the warring-states period in the 1500s to the stirrings of the industrial revolution in the mid 1800s.  The main focus is on the period of government by the Tokugawa shoguns (1600–1867), the final era of samurai rule.  Topics include social and economic change, national isolation and national opening, the Meiji revolution, and the origins of modern nationalism, imperialism, and democracy.   We pay special attention to the subjective experiences of Japanese women and men who lived and created Japan’s distinctive path to modernity.

Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

Texts:

Conrad TOTMAN, Early Modern Japan, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

KATSU Kokichi, Musui’s Story: The Autobiography of a Tokugawa Samurai, trans. Teruko CRAIG, Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1991.

YAMAKAWA Kikue, Women of the Mito Domain, trans. Kate Wildman NAKAI (Stanford University Press, 2001).And others TBA.

Course requirements:

•    two midterm exams (worth 22.5% each)

•    two essays on class readings (15% each)

•    final essay (20%)

•    active class participation (5%)

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