ECO 350K • Political Economy of Public/Cultural Diplomacy
2:00 PM-3:30 PM
In international relations, as in other enterprises, a scarcity of resources relative to the objectives sought requires an economizing process. In bureaucratic decision-making, however, optimality may be missed on account of information asymmetries and information gaps, agency problems, rent seeking, and a variety of other impediments to efficiency or efficacy, as a number of scholars have shown. Not least is the absence of plausible metrics in the case of some of the objectives. With a primary focus on cultural diplomacy and the allocational decisions made amongst its repertory of products, we shall explore this process through examining historical and contemporary relations between traditional representational diplomacy and the conduct of public as well as cultural diplomacy, adjunct channels of diplomacy that intermittently intersect other branches of international relations as well. Formally launched in the late 1930s and given increased importance, and reshaped, during the Cold War, cultural diplomacy and its public-diplomacy twin have again come to be seen as particularly critical instruments of diplomacy in the post-9/11 context, as witness the White House's newly announced (Sept 25) Global Initiative in Cultural Diplomacy. The course thus provides an opportunity to study the political economy of policy making while examining increasingly important substantive aspects of today's international relations.
Text and Readings: Textbooks: (1) Richard T Arndt, The First Resort of Kings, Washington, DC: Potomac Books, 2005. ISBN I-57488-587-1 (2) Charles Wolf, Public Diplomacy: How to Think About it and Improve It. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2004 - optional (3) Wilson P Dizard, Inventing Public Diplomacy: the Story of the U.S. Information Agency, Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004, ISBN 1588-262-88X (4) John W Kingdon, Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies, Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers, 2003 (2nd edition, paperback), ISBN 0-321-12185-6 - optional Other common readings will be taken from a variety of sources. Peter Katzenstein, A World of Regions (2005) Samuel Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (1996) Joseph S Nye, Soft Power (2004) F A Ninkovich, the Diplomacy of Ideas: US Foreign Policy and Cultural Relations, 1938-1950 (`98`) Yale Richmond, Cultural Exchange and the Cold War: Raising the Iron Curtain (2003) Jarol RB Manheim, Strategic Public Diplomacy and American Foreign Policy (1996) Donald P Warwick, A Theory of Public Bureaucracy: Politics, Personality, and Organization in the State Department (1975) William A Niskanen, Bureaucracy and Public Economics (1994) and Bureaucracy and Representative Government (1971) Anthony Downs, Inside Bureaucracy (1967) Graham Allison, Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (1971) Alan Stone and EJ Harpham, eds., The Political Economy of Public Policy (1982) Gary Wamsley and Zald, The Political Economy of Public Organizations Mayer Zald, The Political Economy of Public Organizations (1973)