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Martin Kevorkian, Chair CAL 226, Mailcode B5000, Austin, TX 78712 • 512-471-4991

Fall 2005

E 392M • Backgrounds of Modernism

Unique Days Time Location Instructor
33680 TTh
12:30 PM-2:00 PM
CAL 21
Friedman

Course Description

Like all "isms," "modernism" is a controversial term and concept, at once richly ambiguous and reductive. At issue are its dates, practitioners, techniques, locations, politics, intentions, and consequences. The "modern" is especially problematic because of our proximity to the time it claims to delineate and because the term is often used to mean "contemporary." Further, it both resists temporal limits and flaunts an extra-historical attitude: thus, according to Bradbury and McFarlane, "one claims as 'modern' Catullus (but not Virgil), Villon (but not Ronsard), Donne (but not Spenser), Clough (but not Tennyson), and when one does the same for one's own time (Conrad, but not Galsworthy), the semantic instability of the term becomes obvious." Such semantic instability is commonplace, but while every age calls itself modern, that of "high modernism" (roughly 1890 to 1930) is the first to be deemed both "modern" and past, and so viewed through the lens of "postmodernism."

This course will explore the historical, philosophical, and cultural circumstances that produced the literature of "high modernism," primarily British and American. The background readings (Marx, Darwin, Freud, Nietzsche, Pater, Spengler, Bergson, Frazer, et al.) and consideration of modernist movements in other art forms (e.g., atonality in music; primitivism in sculpture; postimpressionism and cubism in painting) will help to contextualize and focus our consideration of modernist literary texts. The course's organizational principle will be a set of central concepts: the decline of the West; the disappearance/death of God; the reconceptualization of such notions as time and the self; the impact of technology and urbanization; the quest among so-called "primitive" societies for vitality and values; the use of myth as a structuring principle; aestheticism; epistemological incertitude; the crisis of language; and the reaction against traditional realism and humanistic representation in the interests of a deeper and more complex expression of "reality.

Texts

Joseph Conrad. Great Short Works.
T.S. Eliot. Selected Poems.
William Faulkner. The Sound and the Fury.
Ford Madox Ford. The Good Soldier.
Ernest Hemingway. The Sun Also Rises.
James Joyce. Occasional, Critical, and Political Writing.
___. Dubliners.
___. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.
___. Ulysses.
D.H. Lawrence. Women in Love.
Thomas Mann. Death in Venice.
Katharine Ann Porter. Collected Short Stories.
Virginia Woolf. To the Lighthouse.
W.B. Yeats. Selected Poems.

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