ITL 375 • SCRIVERE IL FASCISMO, LA GUERRA E LA RESISTENZA (WRITING FASCISM, THE WAR, THE RESISTANCE)
11:00 AM-12:30 PM
Italian literature has been a manifestation of a cultural elite with little or no contact with the masses. The distance between the learned language, taught in school, and the many dialects, spoken in the various regions has contributed to the problem. It was precisely against this historical and social phenomenon that Antonio Gramsci waged his battle. Literature, that is rooted in the history and culture of a country, must maintain this contact with the social-historical forces that have formed it and aim at the improvement of those very forces. In the narrative production of the first half of the twentieth century, the literature of the war and of the Resistance, represents the best attempt to achieve such goal: writing in order to remember, to tell of a past experience made of mistakes and suffering, not only in order to exorcise it, but also in order to learn from it.
The course will be taught in Italian, and the grades will be computed as follows: two exams: 50% three short papers: 20% final longer 20% class participation: 10%.
Placing them in their historical background, we will read the following novels and watch the following films dealing with the experience of the war, fascism and the resistance: Italo Calvino: Il sentiero dei nidi di ragno Ignazio Silone: Il giardino dei Finzi-Contini Vitaliano Brancati, Il Bell'Antonio Cesare Pavese: La casa in collina Beppe Fenoglio: Una questione privata Primo Levi: Se questo è un uomo Leonardo Sciascia: "L'antimonio" (at Speedway)