Professor — Ph.D., University of Chicago
Professor, Joe R. Long Chair in Democratic Studies
- E-mail: email@example.com
- Phone: 512-232-1529
- Office: MEZ 3.154
- Campus Mail Code: A1800
Classical political philosophy; the eighteenth century theoretical foundations of modern and especially American constitutionalism and political culture; nineteenth and twentieth century German political philosophy; post-modern political theory; the moral-philosophic basis of international relations; the dialogue between political theology and political philosophy.
Before joining the University of Texas in 2004, Prof. Pangle held the University Professorship in the Department of Political Science at the University of Toronto. He is a lifetime Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1987 he delivered at the University of Chicago The Exxon Distinguished Lectures in Humane Approaches to the Social Sciences. In 2004 he was a featured speaker at the first Cultural Summit of the European Union, in Rotterdam, The Netherlands. In January 2007 he delivered the Werner Heisenberg Memorial Lecture, in Munich, Germany, at the invitation of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. He has won Guggenheim, Killam-Canada Council, Carl Friedrich von Siemens, and four National Endowment for the Humanities fellowships. He has been awarded The Benton Bowl (for contribution to education in politics) by Yale University and the Robert Foster Cherry Great Teacher of the World Prize, by Baylor University.
He is the author of Montesquieu's Philosophy of Liberalism (U. of Chicago Press, 1973); The LAWS of Plato (U. of Chicago Press, 1988); The Spirit of Modern Republicanism: The Moral Vision of the American Founders and the Philosophy of Locke (U. of Chicago Press, 1988); The Ennobling of Democracy: The Challenge of the Postmodern Age (Johns Hopkins U. Press, 1992); The Learning of Liberty: The Educational Ideas of the American Founders, co-authored with Lorraine S. Pangle (Univ. Press of Kansas, 1993); Justice Among Nations: On the Moral Basis of Power and Peace, co-authored with Peter J. Ahrensdorf (Univ. Press of Kansas, 1999); Political Philosophy and the God of Abraham (Johns Hopkins U. Press, 2003); Leo Strauss: An Introduction to His Thought and Intellectual Legacy (Johns Hopkins U. Press, 2006); The Theological Basis of Liberal Modernity in Montesquieu’s “Spirit of the Laws” (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010); and Aristotle¹s Teaching in the POLITICS (Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 2013), 334 pages. He is the theory editor of the Encyclopedia of Democracy (4 vols, Congressional Quarterly Press, 1995).
GOV 382M • Plato's Dialogue
MW 200pm-330pm BAT 1.104
An in-depth critical study of Plato's dialogues SOPHIST and STATESMAN
10-15 page interpretative paper on some portion of, or theme or problem in, the Statesman. Some suggested topics will be distributed. Due May 12 (40%).
—class participation (10%).
—Beginning second week 5 one-two page papers (600 words max.) responding to one of the study questions that has not yet been discussed, or interpreting another question of your own or a portion of thetext that has not yet been discussed. Each of these is to be emailed to EVERYONE IN THE CLASS Monday of the week you have chosen to write (50%).
Any standard Greek text; recommended translation is Seth Benardete's, Plato's Trilogy, U. of Chicago Press.
GOV 382M • Thucydides On War And Empire I
TTH 200pm-330pm BAT 1.104
The course will be devoted to a study of Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War.
—If you have not read the whole work before, try to read through it once to get a bird’s-eye view as soon as you can; then concentrate each week on the next portion announced for that week, keeping an eye on the study question(s). For the class after the first, we will focus on Book One, secs. 1-23, the so-called “archaeology.”
—10-15 page interpretative paper on some portion of, or theme or problem in, Thucydides. Some suggested topics will be distributed. Due May 11 (40%).
—class participation (10%).
—Beginning second week, ten short assignments, one due by email before the first class of each of ten of the remaining weeks: 5 one-two page papers (500 words max.) interpreting a portion of the text that is to be discussed that week; and 5 sets of three questions (each set 200 words max.) that would need to be answered to understand any portion of the text to be discussed that week (50%).
The Landmark Thucydides. Ed. R. B. Strassler. Simon & Schuster, Touchstone Books. (Revised Crawley translation, which is inaccurate and not at all reliable; but this edition has good maps and conventional scholarly notes that are sometimes helpful).
The Loeb Library Thucydides, in four volumes. The translation is not reliable but has facing Greek.
The Hobbes Translation. Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 1989. “Of the Life and History of Thucydides” (The famous introd. to Hobbes’s translation).
An email attachment of selected literal translations of key passages by T. Pangle.
Recommended Secondary Literature (Orwin’s book is a good guide to the literature more generally):
Ahrensdorf, Peter. “Thucydides’ Realistic Critique of Realism.” Polity 30 (1997): 231-65.
_____. “The Fear of Death and the Longing for Immortality: Hobbes and Thucydides on Human Nature and the Problem of Anarchy.” American Political Science Review 94 (2000): 579-93.
Bolotin, David. “Thucydides.” In History of Political Philosophy, 3rd ed., ed. Leo Strauss and Joseph Cropsey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Bruell, Christopher. “Thucydides’ View of Athenian Imperialism.” American Political Science Review 68 (1974) 11-17.
_____. “Thucydides and Perikles.” St. Johns Review 32:1 (1981) 24-29.
Forde, Steven. “International Realism: Thucydides, Machiavelli, and Neorealism.” International Studies Quarterly, 39 (1995) 141-60.
Kagan, Donald. A New History of the Peloponnesian War. 4 volumes. Ithaca: Cornell U. Press, 1969-87. The major recent history of the peiod.
Orwin, Clifford. The Humanity of Thucydides (Princeton University Press, 1994).
Palmer, Michael. Love of Glory and the Common Good: Aspects of the Political Thought of Thucydides. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1992.
Rahe, Paul A. Republics Ancient and Modern: Classical Republicanism and the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: U. of North Carolina Press, 1992.
Strauss, Leo. The City and Man. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1964.
_____. “Preliminary Observations on the Gods in Thucydides’ Work.” In Studies in Platonic Political Philosophy. Chicago: U. of Chicago Press, 1983.
GOV 382M • Maimonides' Guide Of The Perpl
TTH 1230pm-200pm CAL 22
A study of Maimonides' GUIDE OF THE PERPLEXED as the most profound attempt to apply, and to enrich or deepen, classical political theory by confronting it with biblical revelation and revealed law—and vice versa, to deepen and clarify the meaning of biblical revelation and law by confronting it with classical political theory.
Familiarity with the political theory of Plato and Aristotle will be presumed, as well as some familiarity with the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible. Also recommended is A. Cohen, EVERYMAN'S TALMUD (New York: Schocken Books), esp. Introd. and chaps 1-4, 6-7, 9, sec. 1.
Course Requirements and Grading Policy:
20% Take-home final exam essay, on assigned synoptic question, of 1000 words.40% Analytic-interpretative paper, 10+ pages, due at end of term.30% Ten weekly one-page papers, on some section of or theme in the reading for that week.10% Class participation.
The required text will be Maimonides‘ GUIDE OF THE PERPLEXED, trans. Shlomo Pines (Chicago: U. of Chicago Press), paperback in two volumes
GOV 382M • Nietzsche's Mature Pol Thought
TTH 200pm-330pm CBA 4.336
GOV 335M • Might And Right Among Nations
MWF 1100am-1200pm MEZ B0.306
(also listed as
CTI 335, EUS 348 )
A study of major alternative approaches, elaborated by the greatest political theorists, to the question of the moral character of international relations.
The basic aim of the course is twofold: 1) to gain a better understanding of what kind of justice and law exists among nations; and 2) to gain a better understanding of what justice itself means, in human relations, as its nature is revealed under the stress of the intensely competitive international arena, always overshadowed by the threat of war.
We will examine the original, foundational philosophic arguments for: the classical republican struggle for and against empire (Thucydides); Christian Just War theory (Aquinas and Vitoria); Islamic Jihad Theory (The Koran and Hadith; Shaybani, Alfarabi, Avicenna, Ibn Khaldun); the moral supremacy of independent national sovereignty (Hobbes); globalizing moral community achieved through commercialization (Montesquieu); and world legal order achieved through international legal organization (Kant).
We will try to uncover the hidden philosophic foundations of our contemporary ways of thinking, and confront our assumptions with challenges from earlier, alien ways of conceiving the world.
While we will not forget contemporary issues, we will try to transcend our passionate biases, and view our own immediate situation from a liberating distance, by taking as our chief empirical focus the philosophic historian Thucydides’ dramatic presentation of The Peloponnesian War—a moral as well as military struggle pitting the imperialism of one of history’s greatest democracies (Athens) against the anti-imperialism of one of the most conservative and pious aristocracies in history (Sparta).
Course Requirements/Grading Policy: THERE ARE TWO OPTIONS, ONE OF WHICH YOU MUST CHOOSE BY Monday, Aug. 30 .
OPTION ONE—Mid-term exam option
40%—Final Exam, held in the final exam period; format will be questions selected at random from study questions handed out at the end of term covering material from the entire term.
30%—Mid-term closed book exam on Thucydides, administered in class, on questions chosen at random from study questions handed out two weeks before.
20%—Attendance (required) at all lectures; each absence after the second, not excused by a doctor’s note, will subtract 2% from the overall final grade. Attendance at lecture will be recorded by noting empty seats; each student must choose a permanent seat to occupy, by beginning of class Mon., Aug. 30.
10%—Answers to closed book quizzes on the readings (clues for which will be in the weekly study questions) administered at the start of the class hour on the Fridays of weeks when Option Two will have their discussions sessions..
OPTION TWO—PAPER and DISCUSSION SECTION OPTION
35%—Final Exam, held in the final exam period; format will be questions selected at random from study questions handed out at the end of term covering material from the entire term.
30%—Two short analytical/interpretative essays (each 1200-1500 words) on topics to be assigned. Late papers penalized 3% per calendar day.
15%—Attendance (required) at all lectures and all discussion sections; each absence after the second, not excused by a doctor’s note, will subtract 2% from the overall final grade. Attendance at lecture will be recorded by noting empty seats; each student must choose a permanent seat to occupy, by beginning of class Mon., Aug. 30.
10%—Answers to closed book quizzes on the readings (clues for which will be in the weekly study questions) administered at the start of each discussion section.
10%—Participation, in discussion sections, which will once on each of six weeks during term
Required Texts (be sure to get the correct editions and translations!)
—The Landmark Thucydides, Simon & Schuster, ISBN# 0684827905 Robert B. Strassler, ed. The translation is not always accurate, and key passages will be found in accurate translation in the photocopied booklet (see below).
—Vitoria, Political Writings, Cambridge, ISBN# 052136714x Pagden & Lawrence, eds
—Thomas Hobbes, On the Citizen, Cambridge, ISBN# 0521437806 Tuck and Silverthorne, eds.
—Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws, Cambridge, ISBN# 0521369746 Anne Cohler et al., eds. and trans.
—Immanuel Kant, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Harper, ISBN# 0061311596 H. J. Paton, trans.; and
Political Writings, Cambridge, ISBN# 0521398371, H. Reiss, ed
—Selected excerpts from Thucydides, in accurate, literal translation, and from Thomas Aquinas, Rousseau, and The Federalist as well as readings on the theory of jihad in photocopied booklet available for purchase at Co-op.
GOV 335M • Might And Right Among Nations
MWF 1100-1200 MEZ 1.306