Peter Harris. International Relations / American Politics. Thesis: Global Gatekeeping: How Great Powers Respond to Rising States (Trubowitz, Buchanan, Boone, Chapman, McDonald, Suri). My dissertation examines Great Power politics in the context of shifting power. When power shifts, why do states sometimes promote the ascent of potential challengers while at other times stymieing the rise of would-be rivals? I answer this question with a deductive model of Great Power decision-making towards rising states, paying analytic attention to international structure, domestic politics and the agency of key groups and decision-makers. I show that established Great Powers are critical "gatekeepers" of world order - that is, how Great Powers respond to rising states shapes not only the trajectory of a specific state's rise but also the course of international political development more generally. Evidence is drawn from a comparative historical analysis of British and US responses to rising states between 1890 and 1990. The project contributes to International Relations literature on grand strategy, international order and international security and has contemporary relevance for understanding the US response to (re)emerging Great Powers like Brazil, Russia, India and China. Education: Doctoral candidate in Government (expected defense, Spring 2015); MA Government, University of Texas at Austin (2013); MSc International Politics, University of London (2009); MA (Hons) Politics, University of Edinburgh (2008). Awards: World Politics and Statecraft Fellowship (Smith Richardson Foundation); Clements Graduate Fellow (UT Clements Center for History, Strategy and Statecraft); Ward Endowed Fellowship (UT College of Liberal Arts); Malcolm Macdonald Fellowship (UT Department of Government). Publications: African Affairs, Anthropology Today, International Journal, International Political Sociology, International Politics, Journal of Transatlantic Studies, Marine Policy, Review of International Studies, The Diplomat and The National Interest. Teaching Interests: International security, international political economy, international organizations, comparative foreign policy, international diplomacy; American foreign policy, the presidency, parties and elections; American political thought, American political development; British politics. Email: email@example.com. Web Profile: http://www.peterharris.com
Daniel McCormack. International Relations / American Government / Formal Theory. Dissertation: Protection From Themselves: International Hierarchy and Domestic Politics (McDonald, Chapman, Findley, Lawrence, Wolford). My dissertation asks what the implications of international hierarchy are for politics within subordinate states. In contrast to existing research which focuses on the implications of hierarchical relationships for interstate politics, I argue that these relationships profoundly shape domestic politics within subordinate states as well. I analyze a formal bargaining model to explain when states will undertake strategies of hierarchy construction within other countries. From a common set of assumptions, I identify four mechanisms -- wars of regime change, subsidized abdication, civil war intervention, and proxy wars -- by which states attempt to reshape domestic politics within targeted polities. Empirically, I first show that patterns of domestic regime turnover are explained by punctuations in external support: leaders often willingly leave office when external actors shift support to other domestic groups. Second, I find that the threat of post-regime change intervention by powerful states shapes the willingness of groups to compete for office. I use a novel research design linking the provision of foreign aid to unobserved threats of coercion, finding that a credible threat of intervention leads to a reduction in aid levels. The effect of hierarchy on political competition within subordinate states implies that comparative political analysis failing to take into account interstate influence risks theoretical and empirical misspecification. Education: Doctoral candidate at the University of Texas at Austin. M.A. (2012) from the University of Texas at Austin. B.A. (2009) from Oklahoma Christian University. Awards: McDonald Dissertation Fellowship (2014); University Continuing Fellowship (2013-2014); Clements Center Graduate Fellow (2013-present). Teaching Interests: international security, foreign policy, international political economy, international organization. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Web: danielmccormack.net.