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Alan Tully, Chair 128 Inner Campus Dr., Stop B7000, GAR 1.104 Austin, TX 78712-1739 • 512-471-3261

Spring 2007

HIS 388K • The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Unique Days Time Location Instructor
40000 T
3:30 PM-6:30 PM
CAL 22
Gelber

Course Description

The purpose of this proposed course is to examine the roots and development of the Arab-Jewish conflict in Palestine, the disputes and positions of the adversaries until 1948. The method will combine chronological and thematic approaches and will include reading, analysis of documents and discussions in class. I shall begin the course with a survey of the parallel emergence of the Jewish and Arab national movements in the second half of the 19th century. Subsequently, I shall describe the beginnings of the Zionist enterprise in Palestine, the Arab responses and the Jews' attitudes to the "Arab problem". Using concepts taken from the history of mentalities, I shall endeavor to show that the roots of the conflict where "there" even before nationalism. The following subjects will be discussed: The contradictory British commitments to the Arabs and the Jews; The Military Administration and the consolidation of the conflict's national character; The beginnings of national institutions: The Committee of Delegates and The Palestinian Congress; The beginning of violence: the riots of 1920 and 1921 and their significance; The establishment of Transjordan Emirate within the mandate as a purely Arab region and its exclusion from the National Home; The religious element of the conflict: The Wailing Wall crisis and the disturbances of 1929; Zionist hesitations and growing Arab militancy after the disturbances; The demographic, economic and colonizatory competition; The Palestinian revolt and its repression, 1936-1939; The search for potential solutions: partition, bi-national state, federation, cantonization and minorities' block. The Second World War and its impact on the conflict; The role of the Arab states; The four elements of the conflict after 1948: Legitimacy and recognition; borders and territories; the refugees; Jerusalem.

Grading Policy

50% class participation and weekly work 50% final project

Texts

Mark Tessler, The Arab Israeli Conflict Albert Hourani, A History of the Arab People Anita Shapira, Land and Power, Stanford University Press, 1992. George Antonius, The Arab Awakening Yoav Gelber, Palestine 1948, Brighton 2001 Yoav Gelber, Jewish-Transjordanian Relations, London 1997. Rashid Khalidi, Palestinian Identity, New York 1997 W.R. Louis, The British Empire in the Middle East, 1945-1951: Arab Nationalism, the United States and Postwar Imperialism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984). Benny Morris, Righteous Victims, 2000. Shabtai Tevet, 'The Palestinian Refugee Problem and Its Origin', in: Middle Eastern Studies, 26 (2), 1990, pp. 21449. Yehoshua Porath, The Emergence of the Palestinian Arab National Movement, London 1974. Yosef Gorny, Zionism and the Arabs, 1882-1948: a study of ideology, Oxford 1987 Tom Segev, One Palestine Complete

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