HIS 358M • England In the 19th Century
This lecture course surveys the political, social, economic, and intellectual history of Great Britain over the course of the "long nineteenth century" spanning from the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. The central theme of this survey is the rise of Britain as the preeminent political and economic global power in the aftermath of the Napoleonic wars and its decline and fall amidst the Great Power rivalry, world warfare, and economic crises of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The course charts the impact of the European "dual revolutions" (the French and the Industrial) on British politics and society, the rise of mass democracy and industrial capitalism, the formation of a class society, the creation of a global economy, and the acquisition of the largest empire in world history. As such, the lectures place British history firmly within its European and global contexts.
The major topics covered include the impact of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars; the Industrial Revolution, the rise of the factory system, and class formation; parliamentary reform, party politics, and extra-parliamentary radicalism; the Union with Ireland in 1808; the abolition of slavery; urbanization and the transformation of the environment; Romanticism as a cultural movement; evangelism and secularization; liberalism and utilitarianism; Victorian family life and civil society; criminality and the rise of the police; Chartism and trade unionism; Britain's role in the revolutions of 1848; imperial expansion in Africa and Asia; the formation of the world market; the Great Rebellion of 1857 and the British Indian empire; the economic crisis of the 1840s and 1870s; Social Darwinism, racism, and the new imperialism of the late nineteenth century; the rise of Indian nationalism; socialism and feminism; and Great Power rivalry and the outbreak of the First World War.
Grades are based on two short papers (5-7 pp.) (60%) and a final exam (40%)
Eric J. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State: Early Industrial Britain, 1783-1870 Colin Matthew, ed., The Nineteenth Century, 1815-1901 (Short Oxford History of the British Isles) E.P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8: Nineteenth-Century Europe: Liberalism and Its Critics Marilyn Butler, ed., Burke, Paine, Godwin, and the Revolution Controversy (Cambridge English Prose Texts) Thomas Malthus, An Essay on the Principle of Population Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working Class in England Charles Dickens, Hard Times John Stuart Mill, On Liberty and the Subjection of Women Matthew Arnold, Culture and Anarchy Rudyard Kipling, War Stories and Poems