HIS 363K • 20th-Cen Rural Latin America
This course focuses on some of the main topics that have affected rural Latin American society in the later nineteenth to mid-twentieth centuries, with a view to understanding the causes of some of the tensions and unresolved conflicts affecting Latin America today. Using selective national case studies, the course will discuss the social and agrarian relationships linking landlords and campesinos; the role of the state and the impact of official ideologies embracing (or constraining) indigenous people (indigenismo); religion and the Catholic Church; the history of rural institutions, such as the hacienda; and the success or failure of some of the main land reforms tried in countries such as Mexico, Guatemala, Bollivia, and Peru. During the course, we will examine primary and secondary readings, and view films. Students will be expected to participate actively in class through responses to readings or presentations.
Class discussion/responses to reading assignments (20%) Mid-term examination (25%) Final examination (25%) Essay (30%)
Nancy Applebaum (ed.), Race and Nation in Modern Latin America (Chapel Hill, 2007) William Beezley, The Human Tradition in Latin America (Wilmington, 1997) Leslie Bethell, The Cambridge History of Latin America (selected chapters from volumes 4 and 6) Jim Handy, Revolution in the Countryside: Rural Conflict and Agrarian Reform in Guatemala, 1944-54 (Chapel Hill, 1994) Barry Lyons, Remembering the hacienda: Religion, Authority, and Social Change in Highland Ecuador (Austin, 2006) Louisa Schell Hoberman and Susan Migden Socolow, The Countryside in Colonial Latin America (Albuquerque, 1997) Theda Skocpol, "What makes peasants revolutionary?," in Robert Weller, Power and protest in the countryside: studies of rural unrest in Asia, Europe, and Latin America (Durham, 1983) Thomas Skidmore and Peter Smith, Modern Latin America (New York, 1997) Mary Kay Vaughan and Heather Fowler-Salamini, Women of the Mexican Countryside, 1850-1990: Creating Spaces, Shaping Transitions (Tucson, 1994)