Conf.: "Latin America in the Cold War"—DAY 2
Fri, October 30, 2009 • 9:00 AM • GAR 4.100
This is a two-day conference. Free and open to the public.
Latin Americans did not stand by as spectators in the international confrontation between the Communist Bloc countries and the Capitalist West but engaged themselves fully in the ideological struggle of the Cold War. In the time period between the end of World War II and the fall of the Berlin Wall, 1945 to 1990, Latin America experienced three social revolutions, numerous rural and urban guerrilla movements, several overt and covert U.S. interventions, and dozens of military golpes de estado.
The Cuban Revolution of 1959 came to power at a time in which only a handful of personalist dictatorships existed in Latin America and these governed smaller Caribbean and Central American countries and Paraguay. However, by 1976, a majority of Latin American citizens lived under institutional military rule (or "bureaucratic authoritarianism" as Guillermo O'Donnell called it).
Indeed, Latin Americans participated in the international Cold War debates over socialism, communism, developmentalism, anti-imperialism, state repression, class conflict, land invasions, labor strikes, agrarian reform, elections, militarism, populism, counterrevolution, economic nationalism, military aid, Food for Peace, and the Alliance for Progress.
The conferees of this symposium propose to come together to discuss how the international Cold War intersected with the political, economic, social, and cultural development of Latin America in the second half of the 20th century. Fortunately in this endeavor, we will be able to enlist the insights of two distinguished visitors: Mellon Visiting Professor Rafael Hernández, editor of Cuba's premier intellectual journal Temas: Ideología, Cultura, Política; and IHS Fellow Julio Moreno of the University of San Francisco, author of Yankee, Don't Go Home!
The conference committee, Profs. Virginia Burnett, Mark Lawrence, and Jonathan Brown, will announce the accepted proposals on Sept. 11, the 36th anniversary date of General Pinochet's overthrow of Salvador Allende.Presenters' papers (partial list, PDF, 2.6 MB)
DAY 2—Fri., Oct. 30, 2009
9 a.m.—Panel 2: Central America: Social Revolution and Counterrevolution
Chair: Juliet A. Hooker, Associate Director, Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies (LLILAS)
“Friends in High Places: Personality and Politics in Anastasio Somoza García’s Nicaragua”
Nadine Ross, History Department
“A Diplomatic Counterrevolution: Nicaraguan Indians, Native American Activists, and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1979-1990”
James Jenkins, History Department
“The Backbone of Health Care: Cuban Medical Diplomacy to Nicaragua, 1979-1990”
K. Cheasty Miller, History Department
10:30 a.m.—Panel 3: Internationalizing the Struggle
Chair: Gastón Martínez Rivera, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia
(National Institute of Anthropology and History)
“The Cuban Revolution and the Sino-Soviet Dispute”
Jonathan Brown, History Department
“All Politics Local? Eisenhower, Betancourt, Trujillo, Castro, and the Search for a New Leadership Model, 1958-1961”
Aragorn Storm Miller, History Department
“Capitalizing on Castro: Mexico's Foreign Relations with Cuba and the United States, 1959-1969"
Renata Keller, History Department
12 p.m.—Lunch at O’s Campus Cafe
1:15 p.m.—Introduction by Virginia Garrard-Burnett, History Department
"Managing Cold War Turbulence: Coca-Cola in Latin America”
Julio Moreno, Associate Professor, University of San Francisco and Visiting Fellow of the Institute for Historical Studies
2:45 p.m.—Panel 4: National Security and Culture in South America
Chair: Anthony J. Candil, Visiting Scholar, LLILAS
“Catholic Nationalists, Military Ideology, and the ‘Immoral’ Youth of Argentina, 1960-1970”
Cyrus Cousins, History Department
“The Baianas do Acarajé: Afro-Brazilian Culture and Tourism in Democracy and Dictatorship”
Meredith Glueck, History Department
“Cold War on Drugs: Reagan, Bush, and ‘Narco-Terrorism’ in the Andes”
Michelle Reeves, History Department
4:45 p.m.—Bus departs from University Co-op parking lot for BBQ dinner