Conf.: "Latin America in the Cold War"—DAY 1
Thu, October 29, 2009 • 1:15 PM • GAR 4.100
This is a two-day conference. Free and open to the public.
Latin Americans did not stand by as spectators in the international confrontation between the Communist Bloc countries and the Capitalist West but engaged themselves fully in the ideological struggle of the Cold War. In the time period between the end of World War II and the fall of the Berlin Wall, 1945 to 1990, Latin America experienced three social revolutions, numerous rural and urban guerrilla movements, several overt and covert U.S. interventions, and dozens of military golpes de estado.
The Cuban Revolution of 1959 came to power at a time in which only a handful of personalist dictatorships existed in Latin America and these governed smaller Caribbean and Central American countries and Paraguay. However, by 1976, a majority of Latin American citizens lived under institutional military rule (or "bureaucratic authoritarianism" as Guillermo O'Donnell called it).
Indeed, Latin Americans participated in the international Cold War debates over socialism, communism, developmentalism, anti-imperialism, state repression, class conflict, land invasions, labor strikes, agrarian reform, elections, militarism, populism, counterrevolution, economic nationalism, military aid, Food for Peace, and the Alliance for Progress.
The conferees of this symposium propose to come together to discuss how the international Cold War intersected with the political, economic, social, and cultural development of Latin America in the second half of the 20th century. Fortunately in this endeavor, we will be able to enlist the insights of two distinguished visitors: Mellon Visiting Professor Rafael Hernández, editor of Cuba's premier intellectual journal Temas: Ideología, Cultura, Política; and IHS Fellow Julio Moreno of the University of San Francisco, author of Yankee, Don't Go Home!
The conference committee, Profs. Virginia Burnett, Mark Lawrence, and Jonathan Brown, will announce the accepted proposals on Sept. 11, the 36th anniversary date of General Pinochet's overthrow of Salvador Allende.Presenters' papers (partial list, PDF, 2.6 MB)
DAY 1—Thurs., Oct. 29, 2009
1:15 p.m.—Welcoming Ceremony
Victoria Rodríguez, Vice Provost & Dean of Graduate Studies
Alan Tully, Chair, History Department
Julie Hardwick, Director, Institute for Historical Studies (IHS)
Charles R. Hale, Director, Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies (LLILAS), Keynote Address
“On Hawks, Doves, Owls, Bears and Pitirres: The Cold War as a Zoo"
Rafael Hernández Rodríguez, Instituto Juan Marinello, editor of Temas, and Mellon Visiting Professor at LLILAS,
3 p.m.— Panel 1: Central America: Dictatorships, the Canal Zone, and Rebellion
Chair: Nelson Valdés, University of New Mexico
“Cold War Watershed? The 1964 Riots and the Start of Negotiations for the Panama Canal”
Mark Lawrence, History Department
“’Re-Conquering the Working Youth’: The Juventud Obrera Católica of Guatemala”
Bonar Hernández, History Department
“The Taste of Power: Factionalism and Consolidation of Military Power in 1960s Guatemala”
Giovanni Batz, LLILAS