Skip Navigation
UT wordmark
College of Liberal Arts wordmark
history masthead
Jacqueline Jones, Chair 128 Inner Campus Dr., Stop B7000, GAR 1.104 Austin, TX 78712-1739 • 512-471-3261

James M. Vaughn

Assistant Professor Ph.D., 2008, University of Chicago

James M. Vaughn

Contact

  • Phone: 512-232-8268
  • Office: GAR 3.218
  • Office Hours: On Leave- Fall 2014; by appointment only
  • Campus Mail Code: B7000

Biography

Research interests

My main interests lie in the history of Britain and the history of the British Empire in the late seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. My current project examines the origins and early development of the British East India Company's territorial empire in the context of metropolitan socio-political evolution and far-reaching global transformations in the eighteenth century.

Courses taught

Modern Britain I, 1660-1815; Modern Britain II, 1789-1945; Liberalism and the British Empire; Britain, Capitalism, Modernity; The British Empire and the Making of the Modern World.

HIS 350L • Liberalism & British Empire

39890 • Spring 2014
Meets M 500pm-800pm GAR 0.132
(also listed as EUS 346 )
show description

The origins and development of classical liberalism in theory and practice is significantly bound up with the history of Britain and its engagements and encounters with the wider world.  This upper-level undergraduate seminar explores the emergence of the political and economic ideas of liberalism in Britain and the evolution of British overseas expansion during the seventeenth, eighteenth, and early nineteenth centuries.

 

The course examines the connections between the rise and growth of the British Empire and the development of Britain’s state, society, and economy from the final years of the Tudor dynasty to the beginning of the Victorian era.  One of the seminar’s central concerns is the historical relationship between the radical and often revolutionary ideals of emerging liberalism and the changing nature and purposes of British overseas expansion.  The course explores the ideas and texts of major figures such as John Locke, Adam Smith, and Thomas Paine as well as the works of less well-known thinkers.

 

Assignments and Grading

The seminar involves extensive writing assignments, including both short review essays and a research-based term paper.  The final grade is based on classroom attendance and participation (20%), online discussions and postings (10%), short review essays (30%), and the term paper (40%).

 

Readings

This seminar will read and discuss a number of significant primary and secondary sources. 

 

The primary sources include:

John Locke, Second Treatise of Government

Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man

 

The secondary sources include:

Ranajit Guha, A Rule of Property for Bengal: An Essay on the Idea of Permanent Settlement

P. J. Marshall, The Making and Unmaking of Empires: Britain, India, and America,

c. 1750-1783

Steve Pincus, 1688: The First Modern Revolution

Gordon Wood, The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin 

HIS 334J • Hist Of Britain Restoratn-1783

39750 • Fall 2013
Meets TTH 800am-930am WEL 2.312
(also listed as EUS 346 )
show description

This lecture course surveys the political, social, economic, and intellectual history of England (and, after the Union with Scotland in 1707, of Great Britain) from the end of the Interregnum to the conclusion of the War for American Independence.  It focuses on the transformation of England/Britain from an agrarian realm characterized by an absolute monarchy, an intolerant church, and a stagnant economy into a commercial and manufacturing society characterized by a vibrant public sphere, parliamentary rule, a dynamic economy, and unparalleled degrees of civil and religious liberty.  Over the course of this period, England/Britain emerged as a world power overseeing a vast commercial and territorial empire stretching across four continents.  As such, the lectures place English/British history firmly within its European and global contexts.

 

The major topics covered include the rise of capitalism; Stuart royal absolutism; the Glorious Revolution of 1688/89 and the consolidation of parliamentary government; the Financial Revolution and the fiscal-military state; the British Enlightenment, the public sphere, and civil society; commercialization, urbanization, and consumer society; overseas expansion and imperial transformation; party politics, patriotism, and extra-parliamentary radicalism; the rise of political economy; the American Revolution and the formation of a territorial empire in South Asia; movements for parliamentary reform; and the onset of the Industrial Revolution.

 

Texts:

Paul Kléber Monod, Imperial Island: A History of Britain and Its Empire, 1660-1837 (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009).

Steven C. A. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2006).

Margaret C. Jacob, The Enlightenment: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2001).

 

Grading:

Attendance and Participation (10%)

Two Papers (or Short Take-Home Exams) (50%)

Take-Home Final Exam (40%)

HIS 350L • Enlightenment And Revolution

39820 • Fall 2013
Meets TH 600pm-900pm GAR 1.134
(also listed as CTI 375, EUS 346 )
show description

This seminar course examines the relationship between the intellectual project of the Enlightenment and the political and social transformations that unfolded in western Europe and North America from the beginnings of the Dutch Revolt in the 1560s to the decade following the Paris Commune of 1871.  What was the connection between intellectual enlightenment and social-political revolution in the West?  The central theme of the course is the contemporary intellectual comprehension of far-reaching social, political, and economic change.  The seminar sessions involve close readings and extensive discussions of the writings of major European intellectuals who sought to understand, analyze, and criticize the upheavals and transformations taking place around them.  Authors read and discussed include Hugo Grotius, René Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Bernard Mandeville, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, Benjamin Constant, G. W. F. Hegel, John Stuart Mill, and Karl Marx.

 

Texts:

René Descartes, Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Hackett, 2011).

John Locke, Political Writings (Hackett, 2003).

Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees and Other Writings (Hackett, 1997).

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Basic Political Writings (Hackett, 1987).

Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Univ. Chicago Press, 1977).

Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace and Other Essays (Hackett, 1983).

Benjamin Constant, Political Writings (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988).

G. W. F. Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of History (Hackett, 1988).

Robert C. Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader (W. W. Norton, 1978).

 

Grading:

1. Class attendance and participation – 30% of final grade.

2. Weekly reading responses – 20% of final grade.

3. Mid-term analytical essay – 20% of final grade.

4. Final analytical essay – 30% of final grade.

HIS 350L • Enlightenment And Revolution

39515 • Spring 2013
Meets TH 600pm-900pm GAR 1.126
(also listed as EUS 346 )
show description

This seminar course examines the relationship between the intellectual project of the Enlightenment and the political and social transformations that unfolded in western Europe and North America from the beginnings of the Dutch Revolt in the 1560s to the decade following the Paris Commune of 1871.  What was the connection between intellectual enlightenment and social-political revolution in the West?  The central theme of the course is the contemporary intellectual comprehension of far-reaching social, political, and economic change.  The seminar sessions involve close readings and extensive discussions of the writings of major European intellectuals who sought to understand, analyze, and criticize the upheavals and transformations taking place around them.  Authors read and discussed include Hugo Grotius, René Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Bernard Mandeville, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, Benjamin Constant, G. W. F. Hegel, John Stuart Mill, and Karl Marx.

 

Requirements

 

1. Class attendance and participation – 30% of final grade.

2. Weekly reading responses – 20% of final grade.

3. Mid-term analytical essay – 20% of final grade.

4. Final analytical essay – 30% of final grade.

 

Possible Texts

 

René Descartes, Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy (Hackett, 2011).

John Locke, Political Writings (Hackett, 2003).

Bernard Mandeville, The Fable of the Bees and Other Writings (Hackett, 1997).

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Basic Political Writings (Hackett, 1987).

Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Univ. Chicago Press, 1977).

Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace and Other Essays (Hackett, 1983).

Benjamin Constant, Political Writings (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1988).

G. W. F. Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of History (Hackett, 1988).

Robert C. Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader (W. W. Norton, 1978).

 

HIS 358M • Hist Of Britain 1783 Thru Wwi

39630 • Spring 2013
Meets TTH 200pm-330pm UTC 3.134
(also listed as EUS 346 )
show description

This lecture course surveys the political, social, economic, and intellectual history of Great Britain from the end of the War of American Independence in 1783 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.  The central theme of the course is the radical transformation (or “modernization”) of British politics and society via the interconnected processes of democratization and industrialization.  The lectures and readings focus on such topics as British politics during the American and French revolutions, the transition from the First to the Second British Empire, industrial capitalism and the formation of a class society, the emergence and development of classical liberalism and proletarian socialism, the struggle for parliamentary reform and mass democracy, the creation of a unified world economy, and the Great Power rivalry and empire-building of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

 

Requirements

 

1. Class attendance and participation – 15% of final grade.

2. Short reading response paper – 15% of final grade.

3. Mid-term exam – 30% of final grade.

4. Final exam – 40% of final grade.

 

Possible Texts

 

Eric J. Evans, The Shaping of Modern Britain: Identity, Industry and Empire, 1780-1914 (Longman, 2011).

 

Antoinette Burton, ed., Politics and Empire in Victorian Britain: A Reader (Palgrave Macmillan, 2001).

 

Primary source readings posted on the course’s Blackboard site (as Adobe PDFs).

 

HIS 358M • England In The 19th Century

39770 • Spring 2010
Meets TTH 1230pm-200pm UTC 3.124
show description

History of Britain in the Long Nineteenth Century, 1760-1918

(Formerly known as: England in the 19th Century)

Spring Semester 2010

Depts. & Course Numbers: HIS 358M (History) & EUS 346 (European Studies)

Unique Numbers: 39770 (History) & 36145 (European Studies)

 

UTC 3.124

Tuesday & Thursday, 12:30-2:00 PM

 

Instructor:

James M. Vaughn

jmvaughn@mail.utexas.edu

Office: Garrison 0.112

Office Phone: (512) 232-8268

Office Hours: Wednesday, 12:00-2:00 PM and by appointment

 

Teaching Assistant:

Trevor M. Simmons

trevor.m.simmons@mail.utexas.edu

Office: Burdine 302           

Office Phone: (512) 471-5490

Office Hours: Tuesday, 2:00-4:00 PM and by appointment

 

Course Description

This lecture course surveys the political, social, economic, and intellectual history of Great Britain over the course of the late eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries, beginning with the accession to the throne of King George III in 1760 and ending with the conclusion of the First World War in 1918.  The central themes of this course are the “modernization” of British politics and society and the country’s rise to global hegemony.  We will examine such topics as British politics in the era of the American and French Revolutions, the transition from the First to the Second British Empire, industrialization and the formation of a class society, the emergence of liberalism and socialism, the struggle for parliamentary reform and mass democracy, the creation of a world economy, and the Great Power rivalry, empire-building, and economic crises of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

 

Assignments and Assessment

Attendance and Participation (10%): This is a lecture course but there will be opportunities for class discussion when time allows.  Students are expected to do all of the assigned readings and to attend the lectures.  A sign-up sheet will be passed around at the beginning of every class.  Students are responsible for signing this sheet by the end of each class session.  Each student is allowed two unexcused absences.  The attendance grade will be decreased by one third of a letter for each additional unexcused absence (e.g., A- to B+, B+ to B, etc.).  In order to have an absence excused, students must provide documentation (e.g., a doctor’s note) to the Teaching Assistant.

 

Two Papers (or Short Take-Home Exams) (50%): Students are required to write two papers of three to five pages in length on a major theme examined in the course’s lectures and readings.  Students will choose to answer one out of three questions for each assignment.  These papers must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  If possible, papers should be reviewed at the Undergraduate Writing Center prior to submission.  The first paper assignment will be handed out during class on Thursday, February 25 and is due one week later at the beginning of class on Thursday, March 4.  The second paper assignment will be handed out during class on Tuesday, April 6 and is due one week later at the beginning of class on Tuesday, April 13.

 

Take-Home Final Exam (40%): A take-home final exam focusing on major themes and topics examined in the course will be handed out during class on Thursday, May 6 (the last class session) and is due at the instructor’s office (Garrison 0.112) by 12:00 PM (noon) on Monday, May 17 (exams should be slipped under the office door).  Students will choose to answer two out of six questions.  In response to each question, students will write an essay of three to five pages in length (total exam: six to ten pages).  The first essay will focus on the final third of the course’s lectures and readings and the second essay will focus on the course’s lectures and readings as a whole.  Both essays must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  If possible, essays should be reviewed at the Undergraduate Writing Center prior to submission.

 

Please note that plus/minus grades (e.g., A-, B+, C-, etc.) will be assigned for the final grade in this course.

 

The Undergraduate Writing Center

Please consider visiting the Undergraduate Writing Center (FAC 211; 512-471-6222; http://uwc.utexas.edu/home) in order to discuss your written assignments with a member of its staff.  The following paragraph contains a description of the services provided by the UWC.

 

The Undergraduate Writing Center offers free, individualized, expert help with writing for any UT undergraduate, by appointment or on a drop-in basis.  Any undergraduate enrolled in a course at UT can visit the UWC for assistance with any writing project.  They work with students from every department on campus, for both academic and non-academic writing.  Whether you are writing a lab report, a resume, a term paper, a statement for an application, or your own poetry, UWC consultants will be happy to work with you.  Their services are not just for writing with "problems."  Getting feedback from an informed audience is a normal part of a successful writing project.  Consultants help students develop strategies to improve their writing.  The assistance they provide is intended to foster independence.  Each student determines how to use the consultant's advice.  The consultants are trained to help you work on your writing in ways that preserve the integrity of your work.

 

Academic Conduct

Students are required to uphold the standards of academic integrity set by the University of Texas at Austin.  The standards and regulations for academic integrity are available online at:

 

http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/history/about/academic-integrity.php

 

All work must be your own and all cases of plagiarism will automatically result in a failing grade for the course as a whole.  There will be no deadline extensions or incomplete grades unless the instructor is presented with a legitimate excuse (medical, etc.) in advance of the due date.

 

Students with Disabilities

Students with disabilities may request appropriate academic accommodations from the Division of Diversity and Community Engagement, Services for Students with Disabilities (512-471-6259).  If you require additional assistance, please inform the instructor so that proper arrangements can be made.

 

Required Texts (available for purchase at the University Co-op)

1. Eric J. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State: Early Industrial Britain, 1783-1870, Third edition (Essex, 2001).

2. Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, First Vintage Books edition (New York, 1996).

3. Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, 1848-1875, First Vintage Books edition (New York, 1996).

4. Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, 1875-1914, First Vintage Books edition (New York, 1989). 

 

Schedule of Readings

This schedule is subject to change.

 

All readings not included in the required texts are available for download and for reading online at the course’s Blackboard site.  On Blackboard, this course is listed under: 10SP ENGLAND IN THE 19TH CENTURY (39770) [HIS 358M] and 10SP 1-ENGLAND IN THE 19TH CENTURY (36145) [EUS 346].  All assigned readings not included in the required texts will be available as Adobe PDFs or as website links in the “Course Documents” section of the Blackboard site.  

 

 

Week One

Tuesday, January 19

Introduction: Why history?  Why Britain?  Why the long nineteenth century?

No readings.

 

Thursday, January 21

British and European socio-economic development in long-term perspective (up to the 1780s), Part I 

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 7-26.

2. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 7-15.

 

 

Week Two

Tuesday, January 26

British and European socio-economic development in long-term perspective (up to the 1780s), Part II

Complete the readings assigned for the previous session.

 

Thursday, January 28

British political and religious development up to 1760: The long-term origins of the Whig Oligarchy and the Patriot Opposition

Readings:

1. Excerpts from Clayton Roberts, David Roberts, and Douglas R. Bisson, A History of England, Vol. II: 1688 to the Present (pp. 441-461) [Blackboard].

 

 

Week Three

Tuesday, February 2

The global war for empire: Anglo-French imperial rivalry, the Seven Years’ War, and the rise of the Great Commoner (William Pitt the Elder)

Readings:

1. Excerpts #1 from Paul Kléber Monod, Imperial Island: A History of Britain and Its Empire, 1660-1837 (pp. 163-169 and 190-204) [Blackboard]

 

Thursday, February 4

The end of the Whig Supremacy and the rise of radical Whiggery and neo-Toryism: George III, John Wilkes, and political turbulence in the 1760s

Readings:

1. Excerpts #2 from Paul Kléber Monod, Imperial Island: A History of Britain and Its Empire, 1660-1837 (pp. 205-221) [Blackboard].

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: John Wilkes, The North Briton, No. 45 (April 23, 1763) [Blackboard].

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts from Junius, The Letters of Junius (1770) [Blackboard].     

 

 

Week Four

Tuesday, February 9

The American Revolution and the transformation of the British Empire

Readings:

1. Excerpts #3 from Paul Kléber Monod, Imperial Island: A History of Britain and Its Empire, 1660-1837 (pp. 222-240) [Blackboard].

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: John Wilkes’s speeches on crisis and war in North America, 1775, in The Parliamentary History of England from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803, Vol. 18: 1774-1777, pp. 234-244 and 734-737 [Blackboard].

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: Debate in the House of Commons on John Wilkes’s motion “for a more equal representation of the people in Parliament,” March 21, 1776 [two speakers: Mr. Wilkes (for) and Lord North (against)], in The Parliamentary History of England from the Earliest Period to the Year 1803, Vol. 18: 1774-1777, pp. 1,286-1,298 [Blackboard].

4. PRIMARY SOURCE: Thomas Paine, The Crisis, No. 1 (December 23, 1776) (website) [Blackboard].

 

Thursday, February 11

Britain in the aftermath of imperial defeat: Moderate reformism, the ascendancy of William Pitt the Younger, and proto-industrial society in the 1780s

Readings:

1. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 16-70.

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts from Adam Smith, An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776) [Blackboard].

 

Week Five

Tuesday, February 16

The French Revolution and its reception in Britain

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 53-76.

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts #1 from Marilyn Butler, ed., Burke, Paine, Godwin, and the Revolution Controversy [includes excerpts from Richard Price, A Discourse on the Love of our Country (1790), and Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)] (pp. 23-49) [Blackboard]

 

Thursday, February 18

Radical politics, reactionary politics, and global warfare in the era of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars, 1789-1815

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 77-98.

2. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 83-126.

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts #2 from Marilyn Butler, ed., Burke, Paine, Godwin, and the Revolution Controversy [includes excerpts from Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Men, etc. (1790); Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, etc. (1792); Helen Maria Williams, Letters from France, etc. (1790); Joseph Priestley, Letters to the Right Hon. Edmund Burke, etc. (1791); James Mackintosh, Vindiciae Gallicae, etc. (1791); Arthur Young, Travels in France, etc. (1792); The Example of France, A Warning to Britain (1793); and Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man (1791 and 1792)] (pp. 72-121) [Blackboard].   

 

 

Week Six

Tuesday, February 23

The Tory Reaction, Part I: The emergence and triumph of Conservatism, 1793-1815

Readings:

1. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 71-82.

 

Thursday, February 25 [First Paper Assignment handed out]

The Great Restoration?: European politics after Waterloo

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 99-108.

 

Week Seven

Tuesday, March 2

The Industrial Revolution, 1780-1850, Part I

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 27-52.

2. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 129-164.

 

Thursday, March 4 [First Paper Assignment due at the beginning of class]

The Industrial Revolution, 1780-1850, Part II

Readings:

1. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 165-220.

2. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 168-181.

 

Week Eight

Tuesday, March 9

The Tory Reaction, Part II: The resurgence of political opposition and the crisis of Conservatism, 1815-1830

Readings:

1. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 227-255.

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: “The Peterloo Massacre, 1819,” in The Modern History Source Book (website) [Blackboard].

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts from Samuel Bamford, Passages in the Life of a Radical (1819), in The Modern History Source Book (website) [Blackboard]

4. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts from Sydney Smith, Fallacies of Anti-Reformers (1824), in The Modern History Source Book (website) [Blackboard].

 

Thursday, March 11

Revolution Averted?: The crisis and triumph of Reform, 1827-1832

Readings:

1. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 256-274.

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Speech on Parliamentary Reform,” March 2, 1831, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 41-54 [Blackboard].

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts #1 from Gordon S. Haight, ed., The Portable Victorian Reader [includes excerpts from Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Representatives for London,” 1832, and “Passage of the First Reform Bill,” from The Times, June 6, 1832] (pp. 213-222) [Blackboard]. 

 

 

Spring Break: Monday, March 15 – Friday, March 19

 

 

Week Nine

Tuesday, March 23

Liberalism and the middle classes in theory and practice

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 182-199 and 234-241.

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts from Jeremy Bentham, Principles of Legislation, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 6-31 [Blackboard].

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts from Jeremy Bentham, Panopticon Papers, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 32-40 [Blackboard].

4. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts from James Mill, Essay on Government, in James Mill, Political Writings, ed. Terence Ball, pp. 1-42 [Blackboard]

5. PRIMARY SOURCE: Thomas Babington Macaulay, “Minute on Indian Education,” February 2, 1835, from “Cultural Imperialism & Thomas Macaulay,” on Tamilnation.org [Blackboard].

 

Thursday, March 25

From the Whig ministries and the New Poor Law to Liberal Toryism, 1832-1846

Readings:

1. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 275-285 and 306-319.

 

 

Week Ten

Tuesday, March 30

The Condition of England Question, the Critics of Liberalism (Left/Working-class radicalism and Right/Tory paternalism), and Factory Reform

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 200-216 and 241-252.

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts #2 from Gordon S. Haight, ed., The Portable Victorian Reader [includes excerpts from Thomas Carlyle, “The Condition of England,” from Past and Present; Friedrich Engels, “Slums in Manchester,” from The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844; Friedrich Engels, “Child Labor in the Mines,” from The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844; Benjamin Disraeli, “The Rural Town of Marney,” from Sybil; or, the Two Nations; Charles Dickens, “A London Workhouse in 1850,” from “A Walk in a Workhouse”; Harriet Martineau, “Women and Children in the Mines,” from History of England; Thomas Babington Macaulay, “The Ten-Hours Bill”; and Karl Marx, “Labor Laws and the Clergy,” from the New York Daily Tribune, March 15, 1853] (pp. 48-53, 60-73, 84-91, 245-257) [Blackboard]

3. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 286-295.

4. PRIMARY SOURCE: “1846-47 Factory Legislation Debates,” in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 62-82 [Blackboard].

Thursday, April 1

The Anti-Corn Law League and Chartism; or, the success of middle-class liberalism and the failure of working-class radicalism

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, pp. 109-131.

2. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 320-339.

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: W. J. Fox, “Speech before the Anti-Corn Law League,” September 28, 1843, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 54-62 [Blackboard].

4. PRIMARY SOURCE: “Chartism: The People’s Petition, 1838,” in The Modern History Sourcebook (website) [Blackboard].

5. PRIMARY SOURCE: Excerpts #3 from Gordon S. Haight, ed., The Portable Victorian Reader [includes excerpts from Thomas Babington Macaulay, “The Six Points,” and Thomas Carlyle, “Working Aristocracy,” from Past and Present] (pp. 231-244) [Blackboard].

 

 

Week Eleven

Tuesday, April 6 [Second Paper Assignment handed out]

Revolutionary Europe and un-revolutionary Britain in 1848 and the Great (Economic) Boom of the 1850s

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, 1848-1875, pp. 9-26 and 29-47.

2. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 408-418.

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: “Macaulay on Jefferson in the 1850s, A Letter to H. S. Randall,” 1857, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 279-281 [Blackboard].

 

Thursday, April 8

The creation of the world economy and the triumph of bourgeois civilization

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, 1848-1875, pp. 48-68 and 230-250.

2. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 347-396.

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: “Two Articles from The Economist,” 1851, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 92-100 [Blackboard].

 

Week Twelve

Tuesday, April 13 [Second Paper Assignment due at the beginning of class]

The Liberal Supremacy, the Pax Britannica, and the struggle for democracy, 1850-1873

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Capital, 1848-1875, pp. 69-81, 98-115, 155-169, and 208-229.

2. Evans, The Forging of the Modern State, pp. 419-447.

 

Thursday, April 15

The global economic downturn, mass democracy, and the challenge of international socialism, 1870-1914, Part I

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, 1875-1914, pp. 34-55 and 84-141.

 

 

Week Thirteen

Tuesday, April 20

The global economic downturn, mass democracy, and the challenge of international socialism, 1870-1914, Part II

Readings:

1. PRIMARY SOURCE: John Stuart Mill, Chapters on Socialism (Fragments), in John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy, pp. 371-436 [Blackboard]

 

Thursday, April 22

The New Conservatism in Britain: From Disraeli to the Home Rule Crisis, 1874-1886

Readings:

1. Excerpts #1 from W. D. Rubinstein, Britain’s Century: A Political and Social History, 1815-1905 (pp. 167-210) [Blackboard].

 

Week Fourteen

Tuesday, April 27

The New Imperialism and the ascendancy of national-chauvinist militarism, biological racism, and social Darwinism 

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, 1875-1914, pp. 56-83 and 142-164.

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: Rudyard Kipling, “The White Man’s Burden,” 1899, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 544-546 [Blackboard].

3. PRIMARY SOURCE: The Earl of Cromer, “Modern Egypt,” 1908, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 546-554 [Blackboard].

Thursday, April 29

From Salisbury to Asquith: The New Conservatism, Social Liberalism, and the origins of the Labour Party, 1885-1916

Readings:

1. Excerpts #2 from W. D. Rubinstein, Britain’s Century: A Political and Social History, 1815-1905 (pp. 211-244) [Blackboard].

2. PRIMARY SOURCE: Joseph Chamberlain, “Preference, the True Imperial Policy,” February 1, 1905, in Jan Goldstein and John W. Boyer, eds., University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. 8, pp. 554-569 [Blackboard].

 

 

Week Fifteen

Tuesday, May 4

The decline and fall of bourgeois civilization: The rise of illiberalism in political and economic life, 1880-1914

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, 1875-1914, pp. 165-191 and 262-301.

 

Thursday, May 6 [Take-Home Final Exam handed out]

Into the abyss: The Great War and the death of Europe, 1914-1918

Readings:

1. Hobsbawm, The Age of Empire, 1875-1914, pp. 302-340.

 

Take-Home Final Exam

Take-home final exams are due at the instructor’s office (Garrison 0.112) by 12:00 PM (noon) on Monday, May 17.  Please slip your exam under the office door.

HIS 362G • Capitalism/Making Mod World-W

39773 • Spring 2010
Meets TH 600pm-900pm GAR 1.122
show description

Topics in European History:

Capitalism and the Making of the Modern World

Spring Semester 2010

Dept. & Course Number: HIS 362G

Unique Number: 39773  

 

GAR 1.122

Thursday, 6:00-9:00 PM

 

Instructor:

James M. Vaughn

jmvaughn@mail.utexas.edu

Office: Garrison 0.112

Office Phone: (512) 232-8268

Office Hours: Wednesday, 12:00-2:00 PM and by appointment

 

Course Description

This seminar examines the relationship between the character and dynamics of capitalism and the emergence and development of modernity.  For the purposes of this seminar, capitalism refers to a particular social organization (or mode) of production and modernity refers to a historical epoch characterized by a radically new form of society.  In between the seventeenth century and the twentieth, capitalist production and modern society fundamentally transformed Western Europe and spread across the globe.  What is the relationship between capitalism and modernity?  What are their fundamental characteristics and dynamics?  How are they different from all previous forms of human community?

 

This seminar grapples with these macro-historical questions through the close reading and discussion of major theorists and writers who sought to understand the radical social transformations taking place around them.  Through reading and discussing key texts in roughly chronological order, this seminar explores the intellectual reception and interrogation of capitalist production and modern society as they developed in Western Europe in between the eighteenth century and the twentieth.  As such, this seminar is by no means a traditional history course but rather an effort to combine intellectual history and social theory in order to examine the fundamental character and historical dynamics of the modern epoch.

 

Assignments and Assessment

Attendance and Participation (20%): This is a seminar and informed participation is a central requirement of the course.  The instructor will not deliver substantial lectures but rather will guide and shape discussions of the assigned texts.  The quality of these discussions is ultimately dependent on consistent and considered student participation.  As such, students are expected to do all of the required readings, to participate regularly, and to attend every class.  Attendance will be taken at the beginning of each session.  Each student is allowed two unexcused absencesPlease note that your attendance grade will be reduced by an entire letter grade (e.g., A to B, B+ to C+, etc.) for each additional unexcused absence.  Excused absences include those taken for medical reasons as well as those secured from the instructor in advance.

 

Reader Reports (20%): Students are responsible for responding to each week’s readings with a one or two paragraph summary of the author’s central concerns and argument.  In these reader reports, students are welcome to criticize the author’s argument but only after they have summarized and carefully considered that argument.  The weekly reader reports should be no more than two paragraphs in length and must be posted on the “Discussion Board” section of the course’s Blackboard site no later than 5:00 PM on the Wednesday before class.  Students should read all of the reader reports posted on the Blackboard site before class begins on Thursday evening.

 

Short Paper (20%): Students are required to write a paper of four to six pages in length on a significant issue examined in the course’s central readings.  The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the major claims advanced in a selected text in light of the seminar’s other readings and classroom discussions.  This paper must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  The short paper assignment will be handed out during class on Thursday, March 4 and is due at the beginning of class on Thursday, March 11.  Students should submit their papers to the Undergraduate Writing Center for review before submitting them to the instructor.

 

Term Paper (40%): Students are required to write a term paper of eight to twelve pages in length on a topic determined in consultation with the instructor.  The topic of the term paper should be determined by the tenth week of the course.  The paper must examine a major issue discussed in the seminar in light of several of the course’s central readings.  For the term paper, students may discuss and analyze additional readings not covered by the syllabus as long as these readings are determined in consultation with the instructor.  The term paper must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  Term papers are due at the instructor’s office (Garrison 0.112) by 5:00 PM on Friday, May 14 (papers should be slipped under the office door).  Students should submit their term papers to the Undergraduate Writing Center for review before turning them in.

 

Please note that plus/minus grades (e.g., A-, B+, C-, etc.) will be assigned for the final grade in this course.

 

The Undergraduate Writing Center

Please consider visiting the Undergraduate Writing Center (FAC 211; 512-471-6222; http://uwc.utexas.edu/home) in order to discuss your written assignments with a member of its staff.  The following paragraph contains a description of the services provided by the UWC.

 

The Undergraduate Writing Center offers free, individualized, expert help with writing for any UT undergraduate, by appointment or on a drop-in basis.  Any undergraduate enrolled in a course at UT can visit the UWC for assistance with any writing project.  They work with students from every department on campus, for both academic and non-academic writing.  Whether you are writing a lab report, a resume, a term paper, a statement for an application, or your own poetry, UWC consultants will be happy to work with you.  Their services are not just for writing with "problems."  Getting feedback from an informed audience is a normal part of a successful writing project.  Consultants help students develop strategies to improve their writing.  The assistance they provide is intended to foster independence.  Each student determines how to use the consultant's advice.  The consultants are trained to help you work on your writing in ways that preserve the integrity of your work.

 

Academic Conduct

Students are required to uphold the standards of academic integrity set by the University of Texas at Austin.  The standards and regulations for academic integrity are available online at:

 

http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/history/about/academic-integrity.php

 

All work must be your own and all cases of plagiarism will automatically result in a failing grade for the course as a whole.  There will be no deadline extensions or incomplete grades unless the instructor is presented with a legitimate excuse (medical, etc.) in advance of the due date.

 

Students with Disabilities

Students with disabilities may request appropriate academic accommodations from the Division of Diversity and Community Engagement, Services for Students with Disabilities (512-471-6259).  If you require additional assistance, please inform the instructor so that proper arrangements can be made.

 

Required Texts (available for purchase at the University Co-op)

1. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Basic Political Writings, trans. Donald A. Cress (Hackett, 1987).

2. Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations (Bantam, 2003).

3. G. W. F. Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of History, trans. Leo Rauch (Hackett, 1988).

4. Robert C. Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader (Norton, Second edition, 1978).

5. Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons (Routledge, 2001).  

 

Schedule of Readings

This schedule is subject to change.

 

Unless otherwise noted, all readings not included in the required texts are available for download and for reading online at the course’s Blackboard site.  On Blackboard, this course is listed under: 10SP CAPITALISM & MAKING MOD WORLD (39773).  All assigned readings not included in the required texts will be available as Adobe PDFs or as website links in the “Course Documents” section of the Blackboard site.

 

 

Week One – Thursday, January 21

CLASS CANCELLED.

 

 

Week Two – Thursday, January 28

1. Excerpts from The Giddens Reader, ed. Philip Cassell (pp. 284-316): Anthony Giddens, “The Nature of Modernity” [Blackboard].

 

 

Week Three – Thursday, February 4

1. Bernard Mandeville, “The Grumbling Hives or Knaves Turn’d Honest” (1705), in The Portable Enlightenment Reader, ed. Isaac Kramnick, pp. 242-254 [Blackboard].

2. Joseph Addison, “The Royal Exchange” (The Spectator, No. 69, 19 May 1711), in The Portable Enlightenment Reader, ed. Isaac Kramnick, pp. 480-483 [Blackboard].

3. David Hume, “Of Luxury” (1742), in The Portable Enlightenment Reader, ed. Isaac Kramnick, pp. 491-496 [Blackboard].

4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts (1750), in Rousseau, The Basic Political Writings, trans. Donald A. Cress, pp. xxi-xxii and 1-21.

5. François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, Selection from “Essay on the Manners and Spirits of Nations” (1754), and “Letter to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, 30 August 1755,” in The Portable Enlightenment Reader, ed. Isaac Kramnick, pp. 369-378 [Blackboard].

 

Week Four – Thursday, February 11

1. Jacques Le Goff, “Labor Time in the “Crisis” of the Fourteenth Century: From Medieval Time to Modern Time,” in Le Goff, Time, Work, & Culture in the Middle Ages, trans. Arthur Goldhammer, pp. 43-52 [Blackboard].

2. E. P. Thompson, “Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism,” Past & Present, No. 38 (December 1967): 56-97 [Blackboard].

3. Excerpts from Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, trans. Alan Sheridan (pp. 3-8) [Blackboard].

4. Jürgen Habermas, “The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article,” in Critical Theory and Society: A Reader, eds. Stephen Eric Bronner and Douglas MacKay Kellner, pp. 136-142 [Blackboard].

 

 

Week Five – Thursday, February 18

1. François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire, “Egalité (Equality)” (1764), in Voltaire, Philosophical Dictionary, trans. Theodore Besterman, pp. 181-184 [Blackboard].

2. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality (1755), in Rousseau, The Basic Political Writings, trans. Donald A. Cress, pp. 23-81.

3. Selection from Jean-Jacques Rousseau, On the Social Contract (1762), in Rousseau, The Basic Political Writings, trans. Donald A. Cress, pp. 147-160.

 

 

Week Six – Thursday, February 25

1. Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, pp. 1-5, 9-54, 67-137, and 479-535.

 

 

Week Seven – Thursday, March 4 [Short Paper Assignment handed out]

1. Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations, pp. 704-814, 962-994, and 1,029-1,031.

 

 

Week Eight – Thursday, March 11 [Short Paper Assignment due at the beginning of class]

1. Immanuel Kant, “Conjectures on the Beginning of Human History” (1786), in Kant, Political Writings, ed. Hans Reiss and trans. H. B. Nisbet, pp. 221-234 [Blackboard].

2. Immanuel Kant, “Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Purpose” (1784), in Kant, Political Writings, ed. Hans Reiss and trans. H. B. Nisbet, pp. 41-53 [Blackboard].

3. Immanuel Kant, “An Answer to the Question: ‘What is Enlightenment?’” (1784), in Kant, Political Writings, ed. Hans Reiss and trans. H. B. Nisbet, pp. 54-60 [Blackboard].

4. G. W. F. Hegel, Introduction to the Philosophy of History, trans. Leo Rauch, pp. 1-98.

 

Spring Break: Monday, March 15 – Friday, March 19

Spring Break Assignment: Complete the previous week’s Kant & Hegel readings if you have not already done so.

 

 

Week Nine – Thursday, March 25

1. Karl Marx, “Contribution to the Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right: Introduction” (1844), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 53-65. 

2. Karl Marx, “Theses on Feuerbach” (1845), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 143-145.

3. Karl Marx, “The German Ideology: Part I” (1845-1846), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 146-200.

4. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, “Manifesto of the Communist Party” (1848), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 469-491 and 499-500.

 

 

Week Ten – Thursday, April 1

1. Karl Marx, “Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844” (1844), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 70-101. 

2. Selection 1 from Karl Marx, Grundrisse (1857-1858), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 221-226 and 236-244.

3. Selection 1 from Karl Marx, Capital, Vol. 1 (1867), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 294-312.

 

 

Week Eleven – Thursday, April 8

1. Selection 2 from Karl Marx, Capital, Vol. 1 (1867), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 319-329.

2. Selection 2 from Karl Marx, Grundrisse (1857-1858), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 247-250.

3. Selection 3 from Karl Marx, Capital, Vol. 1 (1867), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 384-417 and 422-438.

4. Selection 3 from Karl Marx, Grundrisse (1857-1858), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 278-292.

5. Karl Marx, “On Imperialism in India” (1853), in Tucker, ed., The Marx-Engels Reader, pp. 653-664.

 

 

Week Twelve – Thursday, April 15

1. Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons, pp. 1-101.

 

 

 

Week Thirteen – Thursday, April 22

1. Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, trans. Talcott Parsons, pp. 102-125.

2. Excerpts from Georg Lukács, “Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat” (1922), in Lukács, History and Class Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics, trans. Rodney Livingstone (pp. 83-110) [Blackboard]

 

 

Week Fourteen – Thursday, April 29

1. Theodor W. Adorno, “Reflections on Class Theory” (1942), in Adorno, Can One Live after Auschwitz?: A Philosophical Reader, ed. Rolf Tiedemann, pp. 93-110 [Blackboard].

2. Theodor W. Adorno, “Late Capitalism or Industrial Society?: The Fundamental Question of the Present Structure of Society” (1969), in Adorno, Can One Live after Auschwitz?: A Philosophical Reader, ed. Rolf Tiedemann, pp. 111-125 [Blackboard].

3. Excerpts from David Harvey, The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change (pp. 119-197) [Blackboard].

 

Week Fifteen – Thursday, May 6

REVIEW SESSION.

We will discuss the topics and progress of student term papers during this session.

 

Term papers are due at the instructor’s office (Garrison 0.112) by 5:00 PM on Friday, May 14.

 

HIS 334J • History Of England, 1688-1832

39915 • Fall 2009
Meets TTH 330pm-500pm UTC 3.110
(also listed as EUS 346 )
show description

Instructor: James M. Vaughn; jmvaughn@mail.utexas.edu; Office: Garrison 0.122
Office Phone: (512) 232-8268; Office Hours: Thursday, 12:30-2:30 PM and by appointment

Teaching Assistant: Robert Whitaker; whitakerbob@gmail.com; Office: Burdine 304;
Office Phone: 512-567-3549; Office Hours: Wednesday, 1:00-3:00 PM and by appointment

Depts. & Course Numbers: HIS 334J (History) & EUS 346 (European Studies)
Unique Numbers: 39915 (History) & 36460 (European Studies)

Course Description

This lecture course surveys the political, social, economic, and intellectual history of England (and, after the Union with Scotland in 1707, of Great Britain) from the end of the Interregnum to the conclusion of the War for American Independence.  It focuses on the transformation of England/Britain from an agrarian realm characterized by an absolute monarchy, an intolerant church, and a stagnant economy into a commercial and manufacturing society characterized by a vibrant public sphere, parliamentary rule, a dynamic economy, and unparalleled degrees of civil and religious liberty.  Over the course of this period, England/Britain emerged as a world power overseeing a vast commercial and territorial empire stretching across four continents.  As such, the lectures place English/British history firmly within its European and global contexts.

The major topics covered include the rise of capitalism; Stuart royal absolutism; the Glorious Revolution of 1688/89 and the consolidation of parliamentary government; the Financial Revolution and the fiscal-military state; the British Enlightenment, the public sphere, and civil society; commercialization, urbanization, and consumer society; overseas expansion and imperial transformation; party politics, patriotism, and extra-parliamentary radicalism; the rise of political economy; the American Revolution and the formation of a territorial empire in South Asia; movements for parliamentary reform; and the onset of the Industrial Revolution.

Assignments and Assessment

Attendance and Participation (10%): This is a lecture course but there will be opportunities for class discussion when time allows.  Students are expected to do all of the assigned readings and to attend the lectures.  A sign-up sheet will be passed around at the beginning of every class.  Students are responsible for signing this sheet by the end of each class session.  Each student is allowed three unexcused absences.  The attendance grade will be decreased by one third of a letter for each additional unexcused absence (e.g., A- to B+, B+ to B, etc.).  In order to have an absence excused, students must provide documentation (e.g., a doctor’s note) to the Teaching Assistant.

Two Papers (or Short Take-Home Exams) (50%): Students are required to write two papers of three to five pages in length on a major theme examined in the course’s lectures and readings.  Students will choose to answer one out of three questions for each assignment.  These papers must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  If possible, papers should be reviewed at the Undergraduate Writing Center prior to submission.  The first paper will be assigned on Thursday, October 1 and is due one week later on Thursday, October 8.  The second paper will be assigned on Thursday, November 5 and is due one week later on Thursday, November 12.

Take-Home Final Exam (40%): A take-home final exam focusing on major themes and topics examined in the course will be handed out on Thursday, December 3 (the last day of class) and must be slipped under the instructor’s office door (Garrison 0.122) by 12:00 PM (noon) on Tuesday, December 15.  Students will choose to answer two out of six questions.  In response to each question, students will write an essay of three to five pages in length (total exam: six to ten pages).  The first essay will focus on the final third of the course’s lectures and readings and the second essay will focus on the course’s lectures and readings as a whole.  Both essays must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  If possible, essays should be reviewed at the Undergraduate Writing Center prior to submission.

Please note that plus/minus grades (e.g., A-, B+, C-, etc.) will be assigned for the final grade in this course.

The Undergraduate Writing Center

Please consider visiting the Undergraduate Writing Center (FAC 211; 512-471-6222; http://uwc.utexas.edu/home) in order to discuss your written assignments with a member of its staff.  The following paragraph contains a description of the services provided by the UWC.

The Undergraduate Writing Center offers free, individualized, expert help with writing for any UT undergraduate, by appointment or on a drop-in basis.  Any undergraduate enrolled in a course at UT can visit the UWC for assistance with any writing project.  They work with students from every department on campus, for both academic and non-academic writing.  Whether you are writing a lab report, a resume, a term paper, a statement for an application, or your own poetry, UWC consultants will be happy to work with you.  Their services are not just for writing with "problems."  Getting feedback from an informed audience is a normal part of a successful writing project.  Consultants help students develop strategies to improve their writing.  The assistance they provide is intended to foster independence.  Each student determines how to use the consultant's advice.  The consultants are trained to help you work on your writing in ways that preserve the integrity of your work.

Academic Conduct

Students are required to uphold the standards of academic integrity set by the University of Texas at Austin.  The standards and regulations for academic integrity are available online at:

http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/history/about/academic-integrity.php

All work must be your own and all cases of plagiarism will automatically result in a failing grade for the course as a whole.  There will be no deadline extensions or incomplete grades unless the instructor is presented with a legitimate excuse (medical, etc.) in advance of the due date.

Students with Disabilities

Students with disabilities may request appropriate academic accommodations from the Division of Diversity and Community Engagement, Services for Students with Disabilities (512-471-6259).  If you require additional assistance, please inform the instructor so that proper arrangements can be made.

Required Texts (available for purchase at the University Co-op)

1. Paul Kléber Monod, Imperial Island: A History of Britain and Its Empire, 1660-1837 (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009).

2. Steven C. A. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2006).

3. Margaret C. Jacob, The Enlightenment: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2001).

Schedule of Readings

This schedule is subject to change.

Unless otherwise noted, all readings not included in the required texts are available for download and for reading online at the course’s Blackboard site.  On Blackboard, this course is listed under: 09F HISTORY OF ENGLAND, 1688-1832 (39915 for History and 36460 for European Studies).  All assigned readings not included in the required texts will be available as Adobe PDFs or as website links in the “Course Documents” section of the Blackboard site.

WEEK ONE

Thursday, August 27 – Introduction

No readings.

WEEK TWO

Tuesday, September 1 – Background I: The Social and Economic Development of England in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Periods

No readings.

Thursday, September 3 – Background II: The Political and Religious Development of England in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Periods

1. Christopher Hill, The Century of Revolution, 1603-1714, pp. 6-10, 36-62, and 94-123 [Blackboard].

WEEK THREE

Tuesday, September 8 – England at the Restoration

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 3-48.

Thursday, September 10 – The World Turned Right Side Up?: The End of the Commonwealth and the Restoration of the Stuart Monarchy

1. John Fell, The Interest of England Stated (1659) [Blackboard].

2. Roger L’Estrange, A Plea for Limited Monarchy (1660) [Blackboard].

WEEK FOUR

Tuesday, September 15 – Socio-Economic Change in the Later Seventeenth Century: Commercialization, the Rise of the Public Sphere, and Overseas Expansion

1. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689, pp. 55-68.

2. Excerpts from Nicholas Barbon, A Discourse of Trade (1690) [Blackboard].

3. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 78-79 and 82-95.

Thursday, September 17 – The Return of Political Turbulence: From the Early Restoration Consensus to the Exclusion Crisis (1678-1681) and the Tory Reaction (1681-1685)

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 49-68.

2. Steve Pincus, “’Coffee Politicians Does Create’: Coffeehouses and Restoration Political Culture,” Journal of Modern History, Vol. 67, No. 4 (December 1995): 807-834 [Blackboard].  Please note: this article is not contained in the required Pincus book; it is available on the course’s Blackboard site.

3. Excerpts from Andrew Marvell, An Account of the Growth of Popery and Arbitrary Government in England (1677) [Blackboard].

4. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689, pp. 139-145.

WEEK FIVE

Tuesday, September 22 – James II and the Modernization of Stuart Absolutism

1. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689, pp. 11-15, 71-74, 82-86, 103-107, and 132-137.

2. Steve Pincus, “Chapter Six: The Practice of Catholic Modernity,” in Steve Pincus, 1688: The First Modern Revolution, pp. 143-178 [Blackboard].  Please note: this chapter is not contained in the required Pincus book; it is available on the course’s Blackboard site.

3. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 79-82.

Thursday, September 24 – The Revolutionary Transformation of England, Part I: The Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689 and the Defeat of Stuart Absolutism

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 68-77.

2. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689, pp. 1-11, 15-33, and 37-49.

WEEK SIX

Tuesday, September 29 – The Revolutionary Transformation of England, Part II: The Reorientation of the English State, the Consolidation of the Parliamentary Supremacy, and the Origins of the Financial Revolution

1. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689, pp. 69-71, 75-82, 94-102, 112-123, and 128-131.

2. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 97-109.

Thursday, October 1 – Post-Revolutionary England and the Early European Enlightenment: John Locke and the Vision of a New Society

1. Jacob, The Enlightenment, pp. 1-22 and 73-93.

2. Pincus, England’s Glorious Revolution, 1688-1689, pp. 147-167.

[The first paper assignment will be handed out today.]

WEEK SEVEN

Tuesday, October 6 – The Wars against France, the Growth of Political Conflict, and the Union with Scotland

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 109-116.

2. Excerpts from Jonathan Swift, The Examiner (1710) [Blackboard].

3. Joseph Trapp, The Character and Principles of the Present Sett of Whigs (1712) [Blackboard].

4. Thomas Bradbury, The True Happiness of a Good Government (1714) [Blackboard].

Thursday, October 8 – Counter-Revolution Averted, Part I: The Tory Resurgence

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 117-121.

2. Henry Sacheverell, The Perils of False Brethren (1709) [Blackboard].

3. Jonathan Swift, The Conduct of the Allies (1711) [Blackboard].

[The first paper assignment is due at the beginning of class.]

WEEK EIGHT

Tuesday, October 13 – Counter-Revolution Averted, Part II: The Early Years of the Hanoverian Settlement and the South Sea Crisis

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 122-131.

2. Francis Atterbury, English Advice to the Freeholders of England (1714) [Blackboard].

3. Benjamin Hoadly, The Nature of the Kingdom, or Church, of Christ (1717) [Blackboard].

4. Jacob, The Enlightenment, pp. 137-156.

Thursday, October 15 – Walpole and the Coming of Political Stability

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 145-152.

2. J. H. Plumb, England in the Eighteenth Century (Excerpts 1), pp. 11-67 [Blackboard].

WEEK NINE

Tuesday, October 20 – Commercial Society and the Enlightenment in Britain and Europe

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 170-184.

2. Isaac Kramnick, The Portable Enlightenment Reader, pp. 242-254, 280-287, and 480-496 [Blackboard].  This assignment includes: Bernard Mandeville, “The Fable of the Bees” (1705/1714); Adam Smith, “The Impartial Spectator” (1759); Joseph Addison, “The Royal Exchange” (1711); Benjamin Franklin, “Industry and the Way to Wealth” (1771-1784 and 1732-1757); and David Hume, “Of Luxury” (1742).

3. Jacob, The Enlightenment, pp. 22-55, 114-137, and 156-159.

Thursday, October 22 – The Defenders and Critics of Commercial Society

1. Excerpts from Daniel Defoe, A Tour thro’ the Whole Island of Great Britain (1724) [Blackboard].

2. Excerpts (Part 1) from David Hume, Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary (1742 and 1752) [Blackboard].

3. Excerpts from John Brown, An Estimate of the Manners and Principles of the Times (1756) [Blackboard].

4. Jacob, The Enlightenment, pp. 55-59 and 177-201.

WEEK TEN

Tuesday, October 27 – The Whig Oligarchy and Its Patriot Discontents

1. J. H. Plumb, England in the Eighteenth Century (Excerpts 2), pp. 68-76 [Blackboard]

2. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 152-157.

3. Excerpts from Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke, The Idea of a Patriot King (1738) [Blackboard].

Thursday, October 29 – The Revival of Global Warfare and Domestic Political Conflict

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 157-163.

2. Excerpts from John Perceval, Earl of Egmont, Faction Detected, by the Evidence of Facts (1743) [Blackboard].

3. Excerpts (Part 2) from David Hume, Essays Moral, Political, and Literary (1742 and 1752) [Blackboard].

WEEK ELEVEN

Tuesday, November 3 – The Great War for Empire, Part I: British Overseas Expansion and the Outbreak of the Seven Years’ War

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 190-197.  

2. J. H. Plumb, England in the Eighteenth Century (Excerpts 3), pp. 105-115 [Blackboard].

Thursday, November 5 – The Great War for Empire, Part II: The Rise of Radical Whiggery and the Annus Mirabilis of 1759  

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 163-169 and 197-204.

2. Excerpts from John Almon, Anecdotes of the Life of the Right Hon. William Pitt, Earl of Chatham (3 vols., 1797) [Blackboard].

[The second paper assignment will be handed out today.]

WEEK TWELVE

Tuesday, November 10 – Movie and Short Lecture on “The Crisis and Transformation of the British Empire”

1. No readings.

2. In-class movie: The Wrong Empire, Episode 11 of A History of Britain, BBC documentary series written and presented by Simon Schama. 

Thursday, November 12 – The Accession of George III and the Politics of Peace

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 205-215.

2. J. H. Plumb, England in the Eighteenth Century (Excerpts 4), pp. 116-123 [Blackboard].

3. Excerpts from Israel Maudit, Considerations on the Present German War (1760) [Blackboard].

4. Excerpts from The Monitor (1762 and 1763) [Blackboard].

5. Excerpts from Tobias Smollett, The Briton (1762 and 1763) [Blackboard].

6. Excerpts from John Wilkes, The North Briton (1762 and 1763) [Blackboard].

[The second paper assignment is due at the beginning of class.]

WEEK THIRTEEN

Tuesday, November 17 – Toward the New Toryism: George III and the End of the Whig Supremacy

1. Excerpts from Horace Walpole, Memoirs of the Reign of King George III, ed. Derek Jarrett (New Haven, 2000) [Blackboard].

2. Philip Francis, A Letter from the Cocoa Tree, to the Country Gentlemen (1762) [Blackboard].

3. Excerpts from An Address to the Cocoa-Tree from a Whig.  And a Consultation on the Subject of a Standing Army (1763) [Blackboard].

4. The True Whig Displayed.  Comprehending Cursory Remarks on the Address to the Cocoa-Tree.  By a Tory (1762) [Blackboard].

Thursday, November 19 – The New Tory Imperialism in North America and South Asia

1. Thomas C. Barrow, “A Project for Imperial Reform: “Hints Respecting the Settlement for our American Provinces,” 1763,” The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 24, No. 1 (January 1967): 108-126 [Blackboard].

2. Robert Clive, “Letter to Secretary of State William Pitt, 7 January 1759” [Blackboard].

3. Excerpts from The Monitor (1764) [Blackboard].

4. Thomas Paine, “Reflections on the Life and Death of Lord Clive,” (1775) [Blackboard].

5. Josiah Tucker, The Case of Going to War, For the Sake of Procuring, Enlarging, or Securing of Trade, Considered in a New Light (1763) [Blackboard].  

WEEK FOURTEEN

Tuesday, November 24 – The Crisis of the 1760s and 1770s: Radical Whiggery, the New Toryism, and the Break-Up of the First British Empire

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 215-237.

2. John Brewer, Party Ideology and Popular Politics at the Accession of George III, pp. 201-216 [Blackboard].

3. J. H. Plumb, England in the Eighteenth Century (Excerpts 5), pp. 124-132 [Blackboard].

4. John Wilkes’s speeches in the House of Commons on crisis and war in North America (1775), in The Parliamentary History of England, Vol. 18: 1774-1777 (London, 1813), pp. 234-244 [Blackboard].

5. Debate in the House of Commons on John Wilkes’s motion “for a more equal representation of the people in Parliament, “ 21 March 1776, in The Parliamentary History of England, Vol. 18: 1774-1777 (London, 1813), pp. 1,286-1,298 [Blackboard].  

6. Excerpts from Samuel Johnson, Taxation No Tyranny; An Answer to the Resolutions and Address of the American Congress (1775) [Blackboard].

Thursday, November 26 – Thanksgiving holiday.

No readings.

WEEK FIFTEEN

Tuesday, December 1 – The New Conservative Consensus and the Consolidation of the Second British Empire

1. Linda Colley, “The Apotheosis of George III: Loyalty, Royalty and the British Nation, 1760-1820,” Past & Present, No. 102 (February 1984): 94-129 [Blackboard].

2. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 237-240 and 283-295.

3. Jack P. Greene, “William Knox’s Explanation for the American Revolution,” The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 30, No. 2 (April 1973): 293-306 [Blackboard].

Thursday, December 3 – Toward the Future: The Coming of the Industrial and French Revolutions

1. Monod, Imperial Island, pp. 241-258, 301-315, and 259-260.  Please do these assigned readings in the order listed here.

[The take-home final exam will be handed out today.]

The take-home final exams are due at the instructor’s office (Garrison 0.122) by 12:00 PM (noon) on Tuesday, December 15.

HIS 350L • Liberalism & British Empire-W

40025 • Fall 2009
Meets TH 600pm-900pm GAR 1.122
show description

Instructor: James M. Vaughn; jmvaughn@mail.utexas.edu; Office: Garrison 0.122
Office Phone: (512) 232-8268; Office Hours: Thursday, 12:30-2:30 PM and by appointment

Course Description

This upper-level undergraduate seminar will investigate the historical relationship between liberalism and Britain's expansion overseas.  In the epoch spanning from 1600 to 1900, Britain acquired the largest empire in world history.  The British Empire stretched across four continents and incorporated one quarter of the world's population and landmass.  Prior to the twentieth century, no political institution was as global in scope.  During this very epoch, liberal ideals and practices - encompassing representative institutions, the rule of law, private property, contractual relations, religious toleration, and a market-regulated economy - achieved hegemony in Britain. 

What were the connections between these far-reaching processes?  What role did the rise and consolidation of liberalism play in the British Empire?  Did liberal ideals and practices function as a fetter on Britain's imperial expansion?  Did liberalism support or oppose the establishment and consolidation of the British Empire?  This seminar grapples with these questions through reading and discussing important primary and secondary historical sources as well as key texts in political and social theory.  The fundamental assumption of the course is that these questions cannot be answered in the abstract but must be grasped in terms of the historical context of the establishment and development of the British Empire.

Assignments and Assessment

Attendance and Participation (30%): This is a seminar and informed participation is a central requirement of the course.  The instructor will not present substantial lectures but rather will guide and shape the discussion of the assigned texts.  The quality of these discussions is ultimately dependent on consistent and considered student participation.  As such, students are expected to do all of the required readings, to participate regularly, and to attend every class.  Attendance will be taken at the beginning of each session.  Please note that your grade will be reduced by an entire letter grade for more than two unexcused absences (excused absences include those taken for medical reasons and those secured from the instructor in advance).

Two Short Papers (30%): Students are required to write two papers of four to six pages in length on the seminar's central readings.  The aim of these papers is to critically examine the major claims advanced in a selected text in light of the seminar's other readings and classroom discussion.  These papers must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  The first paper will be assigned on Thursday, October 1 and the second paper will be assigned on Thursday, November 5.  Students should submit their papers to the Undergraduate Writing Center for review prior to turning them in to the instructor.

Term Paper (40%): Students are required to write a term paper of eight to twelve pages in length on a topic determined in consultation with the instructor.  The topic of the term paper should be determined by the tenth week of the course.  The paper should examine a major issue discussed in the seminar and must address additional readings not covered by the syllabus.  These readings will be determined in consultation with the instructor.  The term paper must be edited for grammar and style, double-spaced, and in 12 pt. Times New Roman font.  The term paper must be slipped under the instructor's office door (Garrison 0.122) by 12:00 PM (noon) on Friday, December 11.  Students should submit their term papers to the Undergraduate Writing Center for review prior to turning them in to the instructor.

Please note that plus/minus grades (e.g., A-, B+, C-, etc.) will be assigned for the final grade in this course.

Academic Conduct

Students are required to uphold the standards of academic integrity set by the University of Texas at Austin.  The standards and regulations for academic integrity are available at:

http://www.utexas.edu/cola/depts/history/about/academic-integrity.php

All work must be your own and all cases of plagiarism will automatically result in a failing grade for the course as a whole.  There will be no deadline extensions or incomplete grades unless the instructor is presented with a legitimate excuse (medical, etc.) in advance of the due date.

Required Texts (available for purchase at the University Co-op)

1. Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, ed. Edwin Cannan (University of Chicago Press).

2. Eliga H. Gould, The Persistence of Empire: British Political Culture in the Age of the American Revolution (University of North Carolina Press).

3. Ranajit Guha, A Rule of Property for Bengal: An Essay on the Idea of Permanent Settlement (Duke University Press).

4. Uday Singh Mehta, Liberalism and Empire: A Study in Nineteenth-Century British Liberal Thought (University of Chicago Press).

5. Niall Ferguson, Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power (Basic Books).

 

HIS 358M • England In The 19th Century

39240 • Spring 2009
Meets TTH 330pm-500pm UTC 4.112
show description

This lecture course surveys the political, social, economic, and intellectual history of Great Britain from the end of the War of American Independence in 1783 to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.  The central theme of the course is the radical transformation (or “modernization”) of British politics and society via the interconnected processes of democratization and industrialization.  The lectures and readings focus on such topics as British politics during the American and French revolutions, the transition from the First to the Second British Empire, industrial capitalism and the formation of a class society, the emergence and development of classical liberalism and proletarian socialism, the struggle for parliamentary reform and mass democracy, the creation of a unified world economy, and the Great Power rivalry and empire-building of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

 

Requirements

 

1. Class attendance and participation – 15% of final grade.

2. Short reading response paper – 15% of final grade.

3. Mid-term exam – 30% of final grade.

4. Final exam – 40% of final grade.

 

Possible Texts

 

Eric J. Evans, The Shaping of Modern Britain: Identity, Industry and Empire, 1780-1914 (Longman, 2011).

 

Antoinette Burton, ed., Politics and Empire in Victorian Britain: A Reader (Palgrave Macmillan, 2001).

 

Primary source readings posted on the course’s Blackboard site (as Adobe PDFs).

 

bottom border