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Alan Tully, Chair 128 Inner Campus Dr., Stop B7000, GAR 1.104 Austin, TX 78712-1739 • 512-471-3261

Abraham Marcus

Professor Emeritus Ph.D., 1979, Columbia University

Associate Professor Emeritus
Abraham Marcus

Biography

Research interests

Social and cultural history of the early modern and modern Middle East; cities and urban life; Islamic law and legal practice; music and society.

Courses taught

His major teaching fields are early modern and modern Middle Eastern history, the Ottoman Empire, and music cultures of the Middle East.

Awards/Honors

Albert Hourani Book Award of the Middle East Studies Association of North America, 1991.

 

Recent Publications: 
The Middle East on the Eve of Modernity: Aleppo in the Eighteenth Century.
New York: Columbia University Press, 1989, 418pp. Paperback edition, 1992.

The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, volume 6: The Middle East
(New York: Routledge, 2002), Consulting Editor.

An Encyclopedia of World History, 6th revised edition, General Editor Peter Stearns (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001), Editor for the Middle East and North Africa.

The Encyclopedia of Social History, General Editor Peter Stearns
(New York: Garland, 1994), Editor for the Middle East.

 

HIS 331J • History Of The Arab World

39180 • Fall 2010
Meets TTH 200pm-330pm GAR 1.126
(also listed as MES 328 )
show description

HIS 331J (unique 39180)             Fall 2010
MES 328 (unique 41675)            TTh 2:00-3:30          
Dr. Abraham Marcus            GAR 1.126           

History of the Arab World

This survey course is an introduction to the history, politics, and societies of the Arab Middle East, with a principal focus on the last three centuries. Beginning with the rise of Islam and the Arab conquests in the Middle East, the course reviews the main developments in the history of the Arabs in the medieval period, their experience as part of the Ottoman Empire for four centuries, the emergence of the modern Arab state system after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, and the eventful history of the region since. The lectures and readings cover both developments specific to the different Arab countries and broader regional issues shaping the contemporary Middle East, including the patterns of authoritarian rule, the rise and impact of Islamic political movements, the politics of oil, the dynamics of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the role of the United States in the region.

The class sessions are organized around lectures, with time provided for questions. A schedule of the topics, readings, and assignments is given below.

Students are advised to attend the lectures regularly and to read the assigned material ahead of each lecture.

Reading

The required reading includes the following texts:

Eugene Rogan, The Arabs: A History, 2009.

William L. Cleveland, A History of the Modern Middle East, 4th edition, 2009.

James L. Gelvin, The Modern Middle East: A History, 2nd edition, 2008 (selection).

Copies of the books by Rogan and Cleveland are available for purchase at the University Co-op. The material from Gelvin’s book is posted on Blackboard.

Writing assignments

Two short essay papers (5 double-spaced pages pages each) are required. The assigned topics will be posted on Blackboard. The papers should follow the requirements outlined in the ‘Tips for Essay Writing’ posted on Blackboard. Papers are due in the class session on the dates for which they are assigned; papers submitted late will not be accepted.

Exams

There will be a midterm exam (on October 14) and a final exam (December 9, 2-5 p.m.). The final exam will be comprehensive, covering the material for the entire course. The exams will include essay questions and short identifications. Blue books are required.

Grading

Papers––20%; midterm exam––35%; final exam––45%.

The assignment of final letter grades for the course will be based on the following scale:

90-92 is an A-; 93-100 is an A; 80-82 is a B-; 83-86 is a B; 87-89 is a B+; and similarly for the grades in the C and D ranges. A grade below 60 is an F.

Office hours and contact information

Hours: TTh 3:30-4:30, and by appointment (GAR 3.406).
Phone: 475-7229; e-mail: amarcus@uts.cc.utexas.edu

Please check your e-mail regularly to remain updated on course-related messages.
Course material and assignments will be posted on Blackboard.

Policy on scholastic dishonesty

Students’ academic work will be monitored for acts of plagiarism and cheating. Students who violate University rules on scholastic dishonesty are subject to disciplinary penalties, including the possibility of failure in the course and/or dismissal from the University. Since such dishonesty harms the individual, all students, and the integrity of the University, policies on scholastic dishonesty will be strictly enforced.

Special accommodations

At the beginning of the semester, students with disabilities who need special accommodations should notify the instructor by presenting a letter prepared by the Services for Students with Disabilities Office. To ensure that the most appropriate accommodations can be provided, students should contact the SSD Office at 471-6259 or 471-4641 TTY.

Policy on religious holidays

By UT Austin policy, you must notify me of your pending absence at least fourteen days prior to the date of observance of a religious holy day. If you must miss a class, an examination, a work assignment, or a project in order to observe a religious holy day, you will be given an opportunity to complete the missed work within a reasonable time after the absence.

 

Schedule of Topics, Readings, and Assignments 

August 26            Introduction to the course           

August 31            The Arab world today: a profile of the countries and peoples

 

I.  The Arabs in the Pre-Modern Period: An Overview

 Sept. 2            The Arabs and Islam in the medieval period
                        Cleveland, pp. 1-35.

Sept. 7            The Arab lands under Ottoman imperial rule, 16th-18th centuries
                                    Cleveland, pp. 37-49; Rogan, ch. 1.

Sept. 9            New realities: internal shifts of power and the threat of Europe, 17th-18th centuries
                                     Cleveland, pp. 49-51; Rogan, ch. 2.

II.  Confronting Modernity in the Shadow of European Penetration, c. 1790-1920

Sept. 14            The beginnings of state-sponsored reform and modernization, c. 1790-1840
                       Cleveland, pp. 57-80; Rogan, ch. 3.

Sept. 16            The acceleration of Western-inspired change and its effects on daily life, 1840-1914          
                        Cleveland, pp. 81-102; Rogan, ch. 4; Gelvin, ch. 6.

Sept. 21            The beginnings of European colonial rule
                                    Rogan, pp. 109-136; Cleveland, pp. 103-109.

Sept. 23            New ideas and movements: nationalism, Islamic reform, and constitutionalism
                        Cleveland, pp. 119-143; Rogan, pp. 136-146.          
                        *First paper due*

Sept. 28            World War I and the creation of new Arab states
                        Rogan, ch. 6.
 

III.   Nation Building, European Control, and Independence, c. 1920-1950

Sept. 30            The Arab states under British colonial control
                       Cleveland, ch. 11; Rogan, pp. 175-196, 207-210.

 Oct. 5             The Arab states under French colonial control
                        Cleveland, ch. 12; Rogan, pp. 211-218, 224-232, 240-246.

Oct. 7            The Arab-Jewish struggle over Palestine: origins and developments up to 1949
                        Cleveland, ch. 13.

Oct. 12            Review session for the midterm exam

Oct. 14            Midterm exam

 

 IV.  New Regimes, Ideologies, and Regional Conflicts, c. 1950-1970

 Oct. 19            The Egyptian Revolution and its transformations
                       Cleveland, pp. 273-274, 301-322; Rogan, ch. 10.           

 Oct. 21            Post-war Syria, Iraq, Jordan, and Lebanon: domestic and regional upheavals          
                        Cleveland, ch. 16; Rogan, pp. 333-343.

Oct. 26            Conflict with Israel: the Arab states and the Palestinians                                                                        Cleveland, ch. 17; Rogan, pp. 340-354.

 

V.  The Arab World Since the 1970s: New Political and Socioeconomic Patterns

 Oct. 28            Egypt after Nasser and Lebanon in civil war
                                   Cleveland, pp. 369-395; Rogan, pp. 379-386, 410-423, 456-463.

 Nov. 2            Syria and Iraq under Ba‘th Party rule: authoritarianism and its features
                        Cleveland, ch. 19.

Nov. 4            The emergence of militant Islamic movements and their political challenge
                       Cleveland, pp. 440-449, 541-556; Rogan, ch. 13.

 Nov. 9            The politics of oil and the transformation of the Arabian Peninsula
                        Rogan, pp. 355-364; Cleveland, ch. 21.

Nov. 11            Arab-Israeli politics, 1970-1990
                       Rogan, pp. 364-379, 386-395, 429-437; Cleveland, pp. 363-367, 474-478.

Nov. 16             The 1991 Gulf War: a watershed moment
                        Cleveland, pp. 478-497; Rogan, pp. 439-456.

Nov. 18            Arab-Israeli politics, 1991 to the present
                        Cleveland, ch. 23; Rogan, pp. 464-479.          
                        *Second paper due*

Nov. 23            Documentary film (shown in class)

Nov. 30            U.S policies and their shifts after the Cold War and September 11
                        Cleveland, ch. 25; Gelvin, ch. 17; Rogan, pp. 483-497.

Dec. 2            Review session for the final exam

This course contains a Global Cultures flag.

HIS 388K • State & Society In Middle East

39605 • Fall 2010
Meets W 300pm-600pm BEN 1.118
(also listed as MES 381 )
show description

This graduate seminar is devoted to exploring the Middle East and its historical dynamics during the last two centuries or so of Ottoman imperial rule. It examines the realities of state and society before the great transformations of the nineteenth century and the ways in which domestic and external forces reshaped various aspects of the region’s politics, economy, social relations, and culture to create distinct adaptations to modernity. The readings include recent case studies and social histories that illuminate issues important for understanding this critical transition period in Middle Eastern history. The texts and discussions will serve as a springboard for addressing the historiographical debates and broader issues underlying the scholarship on the period, such as the interplay between state and society, the patterns of center-province relations in the later Ottoman state, the world of non-elite groups, the absorption of the region into the international economic and state systems, and the distinct Middle Eastern path to modernity.

The seminar sessions are organized around a general discussion of the topics and assigned readings for each week.

Grading

Class participation: 20%; research paper: 40%; book reviews: 30%; oral presentation of the research paper: 10%.

Texts

The required reading includes a course reader and the following books:
Cole, Juan, Colonialism and Revolution in the Middle East: Social and Cultural Origins of Egypt’s ‘Urabi Movement.
Doumani, Beshara, Rediscovering Palestine: Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700-1900.
Fortna, Benjamin, Imperial Classroom: Islam, the State, and Education in the Late Ottoman Empire.
Hourani, Albert, Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939.
Kayali, Hasan, Arabs and Young Turks: Ottomanism, Arabism, and Islamism in the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1918.
Marcus, Abraham, The Middle East on the Eve of Modernity: Aleppo in the Eighteenth Century.
Owen, Roger, The Middle East in the World Economy, 1800-1914.
Quataert, Donald, The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922.

HIS 306N • Int Mid East: Adj/Chg Mod Tm

39230 • Spring 2010
Meets TTH 1230pm-200pm UTC 4.110
show description

HIS 306N (39230)                                                                                               Dr. Abraham Marcus    
GOV 314.3 (38765)                                                                                        TTh 12:30-2, UTC 4.110
MES 301L (42155)                                                                                                           Spring 2010    

Introduction to the Middle East

    This survey course is an introduction to the history, politics, and societies of the modern Middle East. Beginning with general background on the region in the pre-modern period, it reviews the major transformations of the last two centuries, with a focus on the domestic, regional and international forces that have shaped Middle Eastern realities during the twentieth century. The lectures and readings cover both the specific developments in the various Middle Eastern countries and broader regional issues shaping the contemporary Middle East, including the patterns of authoritarian rule, the challenges of social and economic development, the rise and impact of Islamic political movements, the dynamics of the Arab-Israeli conflict, the politics of oil, and the role of the United States in the region.
    
    The class sessions are organized around lectures, with time provided for questions. A schedule of the topics, readings, assignments, and exams is given below. Documentary films shown in class will supplement the reading.

    Students are advised to attend the lectures regularly and to keep up with the readings for each session. We will be covering a long historical period, a good number of countries, and a range issues. Students who do not stay abreast of the lectures and readings are likely to find that they have difficulties following the story of this complex region and that their performance in the course suffers.

Required reading
William Cleveland, A History of the Modern Middle East, 4th edition, 2009.
James L. Gelvin, The Modern Middle East: A History, 2nd edition, 2008.
R. Stephen Humphreys, Between Memory and Desire: The Middle East in a Troubled Age, 2nd edition, 2005 (selection).

Paperback editions of the books by Cleveland and Gelvin are available for purchase at the University Co-op. The selection from Humphreys’ book will be posted on Blackboard.

Exams  
There will be a midterm exam (on March 11) and a final exam (on May 12). The final exam will be comprehensive and cover the material for the full semester. Review sessions will be held before the exams. The exams will include essay questions and short identifications. Blue books are required.

Writing assignments
Two short essay papers (4 double-spaced pages each) are required. The assigned topics will be posted on Blackboard. The papers are intended to help students comprehend some of the more challenging topics by addressing specific questions about the readings. The papers should follow the requirements outlined in the ‘Tips for Essay Writing’ posted on Blackboard. Papers are due in class on the dates for which they are assigned; papers submitted late will not be accepted.

Grading
Papers – 20%; midterm exam – 35%; final exam – 45%.
The assignment of final letter grades for the course will be based on the following scale:
90-92 is an A-; 93-100 is an A; 80-82 is a B-; 83-86 is a B; 87-89 is a B+; and similarly for the grades in the C and D ranges. A grade below 60 is an F.

Check your e-mail regularly to remain updated on course-related messages. Course material and assignments will be posted on Blackboard.

Policy on scholastic dishonesty
Students’ academic work will be monitored for acts of plagiarism and cheating. Students who violate University rules on scholastic dishonesty are subject to disciplinary penalties, including the possibility of failure in the course and/or dismissal from the University. Since such dishonesty harms the individual, all students, and the integrity of the University, policies on scholastic dishonesty will be strictly enforced.

Special accommodations
At the beginning of the semester, students with disabilities who need special accommodations should notify the instructor by presenting a letter prepared by the Services for Students with Disabilities Office. To ensure that the most appropriate accommodations can be provided, students should contact the SSD Office at 471-6259 or 471-4641 TTY.

 

Schedule of Topics, Readings, Assignments, and Exams

    I.    General and Historical Background

Jan. 19    Introduction to the course

Jan. 21    The Middle East today: a profile of the countries and peoples

Jan. 26    Islam and the region’s medieval experience
        Cleveland, pp. 1-35; Gelvin, ch. 1.

Jan. 28     The Middle Eastern world in the 16th-18th centuries: the states and societies
         Cleveland, ch. 3; Gelvin, ch. 2.

Feb. 2    The Middle Eastern world in the 16th-18th centuries: the rising threat of European power
        Gelvin, chs. 3-4.

     II.  Modernization in the Shadow of European Penetration, c. 1800-1920

Feb. 4    The beginnings of state-sponsored reform and modernization, c.1800-1840
        Cleveland, pp. 57-80; Gelvin, pp. 69-87.

Feb. 9    The acceleration of Western-inspired change and European penetration, 1840-1914    
        Cleveland, chs. 5-6.
        *first  paper is due*

Feb. 11    The effects of modernization on daily life        
        Gelvin, pp. 100-122.

Feb. 16    New ideas and movements: nationalism, Islamic reform, and constitutional government
        Cleveland, chs. 7-8; Gelvin, ch. 10.    

Feb. 18    World War I and the redrawing of the Middle Eastern political map
        Cleveland, ch. 9.

    III.   Nation Building, European Control, and Independence, c. 1920-1950

Feb. 23    The independent Middle Eastern states in the age of colonial rule: Turkey, Iran, and Saudi Arabia
        Cleveland, pp. 171-192, 231-234.

Feb. 25    The colonial experience and the achievement of independence in the Arab countries
        Cleveland, chs. 11-12.

Mar. 2    Documentary film on the Palestine conflict and first Arab-Israeli war (shown in class)

Mar. 4    The Arab-Jewish struggle for Palestine: origins and main developments up to 1949
        Cleveland, ch. 13.

Mar. 19    Review for the first midterm exam

Mar. 11    First midterm exam

      IV.  New Regimes, Ideologies, and Regional Conflicts, c. 1950-1970

Mar. 23    Turkey and Iran: politics, domestic changes, and foreign affairs     
        Cleveland, pp. 273-300.

Mar. 25    The Egyptian Revolution and its transformations
        Cleveland, pp. 273-274, 301-322.

Mar. 30    The Arab states in the age of revolutions, Pan-Arabism, and inter-Arab rivalries    
        Cleveland, ch. 16.

Apr. 1    Israel, the Palestinians, and the early years of the Arab-Israeli conflict, 1949-1970
        Cleveland, ch. 17.

       V.    The Middle East Since the 1970s: New Patterns and Contemporary Realities

Apr. 6    The consolidation of authoritarian rule and the quest for democratization
        Gelvin, ch, 15; Cleveland, pp. 369-382, 392-394, 397-421.

Apr. 8    Social and economic challenges and the barriers to reform
Humphreys, ch. 1 (posted on Blackboard).

Apr. 13, 15    The emergence of Islamic political movements and the Islamic Revolution in Iran
        Cleveland, chs. 20, 24.
        
Apr. 20    The new prominence of oil and its reshaping of Middle Eastern societies and politics
        Gelvin, ch. 16; Cleveland, pp. 451-472, 478-497.

Apr. 22    Documentary film on Arab-Israeli politics (shown in class)

Apr. 27    Arab-Israeli conflicts and the search for peace: 1970-1993
        Cleveland, pp. 373-392, 474-478        

Apr. 29    Arab-Israeli wars and the search for peace: 1993-present
        Cleveland, ch. 23.
        *second paper is due*        

May 4    The establishment of American preeminence and the new patterns of U.S. policy
        Gelvin, ch. 17; Cleveland, ch. 25.

May 6    Review session for the final exam

HIS 331C • History Of The Ottoman Empire

39535 • Spring 2010
Meets TTH 330pm-500pm GAR 1.126
show description

Dr. Abraham Marcus            GAR 0.128

History of the Arab World

This survey course is an introduction to the history, politics, and societies of the Arab Middle East, with a principal focus on the last two centuries. Beginning with the rise of Islam and the Arab conquests in the Middle East, the course reviews the main developments in the history of the Arabs in the medieval period, their experience as part of the Ottoman Empire for four centuries, the emergence of the modern Arab state system after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, and the eventful history of the region since. The lectures and readings cover both developments specific to the different Arab countries and broader regional issues shaping the contemporary Middle East, including the patterns of authoritarianism and quest for democratization, the challenges of social and economic
development, the rise and impact of Islamic political movements, the politics of oil, the dynamics of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the role of the United States in the region.

The class sessions are organized around lectures, with time provided for questions. A schedule of the topics, readings, and assignments is given below.

Students are advised to attend the lectures regularly and to read the assigned material ahead of each lecture.

Reading

The required reading includes the following texts:

William L. Cleveland, A History of the Modern Middle East, 4th edition, 2009.

James L. Gelvin, The Modern Middle East: A History, 2nd edition, 2008.

R. Stephen Humphreys, Between Memory and Desire: The Middle East in a Troubled Age, 2005 (selection).

Paperback editions of the books by Cleveland and Gelvin are available for purchase at the University Co-op. The two books are also on reserve in the PCL. The material from Humphreys’s book is posted on Blackboard.

Writing assignments

Two short essay papers (5 double-spaced pages pages each) are required. The assigned topics will be posted on Blackboard. The papers should follow the requirements outlined in the ‘Tips for Essay Writing’ posted on Blackboard. Papers are due in the class session on the dates for which they are assigned; papers submitted late will not be accepted.

Exams

There will be a midterm exam (on October 15) and a final exam (December 12, 7-10 p.m.). The final exam will be comprehensive, covering the material for the entire course. The exams will include essay questions and short identifications. Blue books are required.

Grading

Papers––20%; midterm exam––35%; final exam––45%.

The assignment of final letter grades for the course will be based on the following scale:

90-92 is an A-; 93-100 is an A; 80-82 is a B-; 83-86 is a B; 87-89 is a B+; and similarly for the grades in the C and D ranges. A grade below 60 is an F.

Check your e-mail regularly to remain updated on course-related messages.

Course material and assignments will be posted on Blackboard.

Policy on scholastic dishonesty

Students’ academic work will be monitored for acts of plagiarism and cheating. Students who violate University rules on scholastic dishonesty are subject to disciplinary penalties, including the possibility of failure in the course and/or dismissal from the University. Since such dishonesty harms the individual, all students, and the integrity of the University, policies on scholastic dishonesty will be strictly enforced.

Special accommodations

At the beginning of the semester, students with disabilities who need special accommodations should notify the instructor by presenting a letter prepared by the Services for Students with Disabilities Office. To ensure that the most appropriate accommodations can be provided, students should contact the SSD Office at 471-6259 or 471-4641 TTY.

HIS 388K • State & Society In Middle East

39998 • Spring 2010
Meets W 200pm-500pm PAR 214
(also listed as MES 381 )
show description

This class is designed for graduate students of the non-Western world with the Middle East serving as a canvas for examining a broad array of methodological, theoretical and historiographical concerns. By critically reviewing recent scholarship on the Middle East in the fields of political science, history, international relationship and intellectual history this course hopes to introduce graduate students to the professional study of the Middle East. The idea is to aid prospective scholars of the non-Western world such as Latin America, Africa and the Far East in gaining an understanding of the history of their craft, of current professional debates and of ongoing historiographical trends and fashions. Specifically, the course will assist students to define their topic of interest and frame it as an MA thesis or a PhD dissertation. To achieve this goal we will critically review various historiographical traditions and debates while at the same time introduce the students to modern historical realities in Iraq, Palestine, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon and Yemen. 

Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

 

 

HIS 331C • History Of The Arab World

39900 • Fall 2009
Meets TTH 200pm-330pm GAR 0.128
show description

Dr. Abraham Marcus            GAR 0.128

History of the Arab World

This survey course is an introduction to the history, politics, and societies of the Arab Middle East, with a principal focus on the last two centuries. Beginning with the rise of Islam and the Arab conquests in the Middle East, the course reviews the main developments in the history of the Arabs in the medieval period, their experience as part of the Ottoman Empire for four centuries, the emergence of the modern Arab state system after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, and the eventful history of the region since. The lectures and readings cover both developments specific to the different Arab countries and broader regional issues shaping the contemporary Middle East, including the patterns of authoritarianism and quest for democratization, the challenges of social and economic
development, the rise and impact of Islamic political movements, the politics of oil, the dynamics of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the role of the United States in the region.

The class sessions are organized around lectures, with time provided for questions. A schedule of the topics, readings, and assignments is given below.

Students are advised to attend the lectures regularly and to read the assigned material ahead of each lecture.

Reading

The required reading includes the following texts:

William L. Cleveland, A History of the Modern Middle East, 4th edition, 2009.

James L. Gelvin, The Modern Middle East: A History, 2nd edition, 2008.

R. Stephen Humphreys, Between Memory and Desire: The Middle East in a Troubled Age, 2005 (selection).

Paperback editions of the books by Cleveland and Gelvin are available for purchase at the University Co-op. The two books are also on reserve in the PCL. The material from Humphreys’s book is posted on Blackboard.

Writing assignments

Two short essay papers (5 double-spaced pages pages each) are required. The assigned topics will be posted on Blackboard. The papers should follow the requirements outlined in the ‘Tips for Essay Writing’ posted on Blackboard. Papers are due in the class session on the dates for which they are assigned; papers submitted late will not be accepted.

Exams

There will be a midterm exam (on October 15) and a final exam (December 12, 7-10 p.m.). The final exam will be comprehensive, covering the material for the entire course. The exams will include essay questions and short identifications. Blue books are required.

Grading

Papers––20%; midterm exam––35%; final exam––45%.

The assignment of final letter grades for the course will be based on the following scale:

90-92 is an A-; 93-100 is an A; 80-82 is a B-; 83-86 is a B; 87-89 is a B+; and similarly for the grades in the C and D ranges. A grade below 60 is an F.

Check your e-mail regularly to remain updated on course-related messages.

Course material and assignments will be posted on Blackboard.

Policy on scholastic dishonesty

Students’ academic work will be monitored for acts of plagiarism and cheating. Students who violate University rules on scholastic dishonesty are subject to disciplinary penalties, including the possibility of failure in the course and/or dismissal from the University. Since such dishonesty harms the individual, all students, and the integrity of the University, policies on scholastic dishonesty will be strictly enforced.

Special accommodations

At the beginning of the semester, students with disabilities who need special accommodations should notify the instructor by presenting a letter prepared by the Services for Students with Disabilities Office. To ensure that the most appropriate accommodations can be provided, students should contact the SSD Office at 471-6259 or 471-4641 TTY.

Schedule of Topics, Readings, and Assignments


August 27       Introduction to the course

Sept. 1            The Arab world today: a profile of the countries and peoples

                I.  The Arabs in the Pre-Modern Period: An Overview

Sept. 3            The Arabs and Islam in the medieval period

                        Cleveland, pp. 1-35; Gelvin, ch. 1.

Sept. 8            The Arab lands under Ottoman imperial rule, 16th-18thcenturies

                          Cleveland, pp. 37-49.

Sept. 10           Internal power shifts and the rising threat of Europe

                           Cleveland, pp. 49-51; Gelvin, chs. 3-4.

                II.  Confronting Modernity in the Shadow of European Penetration, c. 1790-1920


Sept. 15            The beginnings of state-sponsored reform and modernization, c. 1790-1840

                              Cleveland, pp. 57-80; Gelvin, pp, 69-82.

Sept. 17            The acceleration of Western-inspired change and European control, 1840-1914

                            Cleveland, pp. 81-109; Gelvin, ch. 6.

Sept. 22            The effects of modernization on daily life

                             Gelvin, pp. 100-122.

Sept. 24            New ideas and movements: nationalism, Islamic reform, and constitutionalism

                            Cleveland, pp. 119-143; Gelvin, chs. 8-9, 13.

                            **First paper due**

Sept. 29            World War I and the creation of new Arab states

                            Cleveland, ch. 9.

           III.   Nation Building, European Control, and Independence, c. 1920-1950

Oct. 1            State formation, the achievement of independence, and the interwar legacy of discontent

                        Cleveland, pp. 171-173, 193-237.

Oct. 6            Documentary film on the Arab-Jewish conflict in Palestine (shown in class)

Oct. 8            The Arab-Jewish struggle for Palestine: origins and developments up to 1949

                        Cleveland, ch. 13.

Oct. 13            Review session for the midterm exam

Oct. 15            Midterm exam

               IV.  New Regimes, Ideologies, and Regional Conflicts, c. 1950-1970

Oct. 20            The Egyptian Revolution and its transformations

                            Cleveland, pp. 273-274, 301-322.

Oct. 22            The Arab states in an age of revolutions, Pan-Arabism, and inter-Arab rivalries

                            Cleveland, ch. 16.

Oct. 27, 29      The Arab states, the Palestinians, and the conflict with Israel, 1949-1970

                           Cleveland, ch. 17.

                V.  The Arab World Since the 1970s: New Political and Socioeconomic Patterns

Nov. 3            The consolidation of authoritarian rule and the quest for democratization

                          Gelvin, ch. 15; Cleveland, 369-382, 392-394, 397-421.

Nov. 5            Economic and demographic challenges

                        Humphreys, ch. 1 (posted on Blackboard).

Nov. 10          The emergence of militant Islamic movements and their political challenge

                        Cleveland, pp. 440-449, 541-556; Gelvin, ch. 20.

Nov. 12          Oil and its effects on Arab societies and politics

                         Cleveland, pp. 451-472, 478-497; Gelvin, ch. 16

Nov. 17          Documentary film on Arab-Israeli politics (shown in class)

Nov. 19           New Arab-Israeli wars and partial steps toward peace: 1970-1993

                          Cleveland, pp. 373-392, 474-478.

Nov. 24           New Arab-Israeli wars and partial steps toward peace: 1993 to the present

                           Cleveland, ch. 23.

                           Second paper due

Dec. 1            The establishment of American great-power preeminence and new patterns of U.S. policy

                           Cleveland, ch. 25; Gelvin, ch. 17.

Dec. 3            Review session for the final exam

HIS 388K • State & Society In Middle East

40330 • Fall 2009
Meets W 200pm-500pm GAR 1.122
(also listed as MES 381 )
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This class is designed for graduate students of the non-Western world with the Middle East serving as a canvas for examining a broad array of methodological, theoretical and historiographical concerns. By critically reviewing recent scholarship on the Middle East in the fields of political science, history, international relationship and intellectual history this course hopes to introduce graduate students to the professional study of the Middle East. The idea is to aid prospective scholars of the non-Western world such as Latin America, Africa and the Far East in gaining an understanding of the history of their craft, of current professional debates and of ongoing historiographical trends and fashions. Specifically, the course will assist students to define their topic of interest and frame it as an MA thesis or a PhD dissertation. To achieve this goal we will critically review various historiographical traditions and debates while at the same time introduce the students to modern historical realities in Iraq, Palestine, Egypt, Iran, Lebanon and Yemen. 

Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

 

 

HIS 306N • Int Mid East: Adj/Chg Mod Tm

38735 • Spring 2009
Meets TTH 200pm-330pm UTC 3.132
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Topics in History

May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.

 

HIS 331C • History Of The Ottoman Empire

39010 • Spring 2009
Meets TTH 1100-1230pm GAR 0.128
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Dr. Abraham Marcus            GAR 0.128

History of the Arab World

This survey course is an introduction to the history, politics, and societies of the Arab Middle East, with a principal focus on the last two centuries. Beginning with the rise of Islam and the Arab conquests in the Middle East, the course reviews the main developments in the history of the Arabs in the medieval period, their experience as part of the Ottoman Empire for four centuries, the emergence of the modern Arab state system after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, and the eventful history of the region since. The lectures and readings cover both developments specific to the different Arab countries and broader regional issues shaping the contemporary Middle East, including the patterns of authoritarianism and quest for democratization, the challenges of social and economic
development, the rise and impact of Islamic political movements, the politics of oil, the dynamics of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the role of the United States in the region.

The class sessions are organized around lectures, with time provided for questions. A schedule of the topics, readings, and assignments is given below.

Students are advised to attend the lectures regularly and to read the assigned material ahead of each lecture.

Reading

The required reading includes the following texts:

William L. Cleveland, A History of the Modern Middle East, 4th edition, 2009.

James L. Gelvin, The Modern Middle East: A History, 2nd edition, 2008.

R. Stephen Humphreys, Between Memory and Desire: The Middle East in a Troubled Age, 2005 (selection).

Paperback editions of the books by Cleveland and Gelvin are available for purchase at the University Co-op. The two books are also on reserve in the PCL. The material from Humphreys’s book is posted on Blackboard.

Writing assignments

Two short essay papers (5 double-spaced pages pages each) are required. The assigned topics will be posted on Blackboard. The papers should follow the requirements outlined in the ‘Tips for Essay Writing’ posted on Blackboard. Papers are due in the class session on the dates for which they are assigned; papers submitted late will not be accepted.

Exams

There will be a midterm exam (on October 15) and a final exam (December 12, 7-10 p.m.). The final exam will be comprehensive, covering the material for the entire course. The exams will include essay questions and short identifications. Blue books are required.

Grading

Papers––20%; midterm exam––35%; final exam––45%.

The assignment of final letter grades for the course will be based on the following scale:

90-92 is an A-; 93-100 is an A; 80-82 is a B-; 83-86 is a B; 87-89 is a B+; and similarly for the grades in the C and D ranges. A grade below 60 is an F.

Check your e-mail regularly to remain updated on course-related messages.

Course material and assignments will be posted on Blackboard.

Policy on scholastic dishonesty

Students’ academic work will be monitored for acts of plagiarism and cheating. Students who violate University rules on scholastic dishonesty are subject to disciplinary penalties, including the possibility of failure in the course and/or dismissal from the University. Since such dishonesty harms the individual, all students, and the integrity of the University, policies on scholastic dishonesty will be strictly enforced.

Special accommodations

At the beginning of the semester, students with disabilities who need special accommodations should notify the instructor by presenting a letter prepared by the Services for Students with Disabilities Office. To ensure that the most appropriate accommodations can be provided, students should contact the SSD Office at 471-6259 or 471-4641 TTY.

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