SOC 395D • 7-CITIZENSHIP & SOCIAL POLICY
3:00 PM-6:00 PM
The course examines social policies in the context of the economic transition in developing countries to a global economy based on free markets and deregulation. The aim of the course is to anchor the discussion of social policy in the experiences of different countries and regions of the developing world. We will begin with an overview of the evolution of social policy in the developed world, using Peter Lindert's Growing public: social spending and economic growth since the eighteenth century. We use Linderts account to put into perspective the recent emergence in developing countries of de-centralized social policies based on targeting and private-sector provision rather than universal welfare systems. We will examine the advantages and disadvantages of the new policies and their consequences for politics, welfare and the development of rights and citizenship in the developing world. We will pay particular attention to the role of community in the new social policies, focusing on issues of participation and solidarity, as well as issues of the increasing social and spatial inequality brought by urbanization and economic growth in a globalized economy. Students may concentrate on one or more sectors of social policy, such as education, health, anti-poverty programs, housing, labor and social security. Students can choose to concentrate on a country or region of their choice for exploring the issues discussed in the weekly seminars. Latin America will be an important focus and Rethinking Development in Latin America (eds. Wood and Roberts) is a key volume for that region and also for the understanding of the relations between social policy, the state and citizen action, but we will also look at the social policy challenges in Asia and Africa.