POR 381 • History and Textuality in Colonial Brazilian Letters
1:00 PM-4:00 PM
This course is designed to provide a basic set of concepts and literary analytical skills so that students are able to critically read and understand Brazilian Colonial Literature and its cultural background. The classes will focus on the Brazilian Letters of the 16th -18th centuries. The primary texts will be read in relation to their European counterparts and in their Brazilian contexts as well. Thus, not only will the major writers be examined, but also their relations with other artistic discourses such as architecture, painting, music, and sculpture. The course will try to reconstruct the historical frame in which the artistic texts were produced, highlighting the significant political events, dates and historical figures. The course will also examine the changes imposed on the Portuguese language in order to portray Brazilian reality, as understood in its symbolic forms. The connections between the literary text and the fine arts will also be examined, and the the traditional concepts of classicism, mannerism, baroque and neoclassicism will be considered and discussed.
Grades will be based on: active class participation, including individual presentation and class discussion (30%); three 2-3 pp. essays (30%); and a final paper (40%).
REQUIRED READINGS ANCHIETA, José de. Auto das Onze Mil Virgens (c. 1554-1597) ANCHIETA, José de. No Santíssimo Sacramento (c. 1554-1597) CANDIDO, Antonio. Formação da Literatura Brasileira, 1959. TEIXEIRA, Bento. Prosopopéia, (1601) MATOS, Gregório de. Crônica do Viver Baiano Seiscentista (c.1681-1695), selections OLIVEIRA, Botelho. Música do Parnaso (1705), selections COSTA, Cláudio Manuel da. Obras Poéticas (1769), selections GAMA, Basílio da. O Uraguai, (1769) GONZAGA, Tomás Antônio. Marília de Dirceu (1792-1812), selections The instructor will provide a course packet with all the primary works required for the course as well as critical précis on each of them, along with a specialized bibliography. THEORETICAL SUPPORT ARISTOTLE. Poetics. Trans. S. H. Butcher, with an Introduction by Francis Fergusson. New York: Hill and Wang, 1961. BRESSLER, Charles. Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Fourth Edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 2007. CULLER, Jonatham. Literary Theory. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997. LENTRICHIA, Frank & McLaughlin. Critical Terms for Literary Study. Second Edition. Chicago & London, The University of Chicago Press, 1995. TEIXEIRA, Ivan. Anatomia do Crítico & Fortuna Crítica (A sequence of 7 articles). Cult, Revista Brasileira de Literatura, from issue 11 to 17. São Paulo, Lemos Editorial, 1998. "Poética Cultural: Literatura & História". Politéia: História e Sociedade. Revista do Departamento de História da Universidade Estadual da Bahia, Vitória da Conquista, vol. 6, n. 1, 2006, pp. 31-56. Hermenêutica, Retórica e Poética nas Letras da América Portuguesa. Revista USP, n. 57, São Paulo, Coordenadoria de Comunicação Social da Universidade de São Paulo, março-maio 2003, PP. 138-159.