SPN 352 • The Spanish Republic and Civil War, 1931-39, in Literature and Film
12:30 PM-2:00 PM
This course will explore the complex circumstances that determined the character of the Spanish Civil War, taking a historical and literary-cultural approach. We will survey the major ideological factors involved in the Spanish Republic, 1931-36, and the following war, 1936-39, including, towards the political left, anarchists, communists, socialists, and liberal republicans (more to the center), and on the right, political conservatives, both republican and monarchist, traditional Catholic moral and social values, the Falange, the 'alta burguesía,' and wealthy lanád-owners.
Modern Spain's articulation of issues involving social classes, personal relations, private property, the State, freedom, equality, and economic system, transcendent and absolute values versus relativist ones, were forged during this period. These aspects of modernity continue to evolve and conflict, in Spain and internationally, to the present. Our course readings are necessarily limited, and chosen in part for their aesthetic value, and hence they will not strive for a right/left balance, although they will encompass a broad range of the ideological spectrum. On the other hand, they will convey a vivid representation of a profoundly ravaging social crisis in which approximately one million people died-one in every 20 people in the nation-and hundreds of thousands were subsequently imprisoned or exiled. All aspects of the course will be conducted in Spanish.
Three in-class examinations: 20% each = 60% Four short textual presentations 5% Participation 10% Two compositions, 5-6pp. 10% & 15%
Gabriel Jackson, La República española y la Guerra Civil Javier Cercas, Los soldados de Solomina Agustín de Foxá, Madrid de Corte a Cheka (fotocopia) Ramón Sender, Requiem por un campesino español Fernando Fernán Gómez, Las bicicletas son para el verano Rafael Alberti, Noche de guerra en el Museo del Prado (fotocopia) José Sánchez Sinisterra, ¡Ay Carmela! A course reader will include short stories and poetry by José María Pemán, Max Aub, Franciso Ayala, Antonio Machado, Rafael Alberti and Miguel Hernández (Available at Jenn's Copy Service, 2200 Guadalupe). There will be three or four film presentations: Carlos Saura's ¡Ay Carmela!, Jaime Chavarri's Las bicicletas son para el verano, The Spanish Civil War (Princeton, 1993), and Art in the Struggle for Freedom (Abe Osheroff, 2000).