LAS s337M • POLITICS OF NEW DEMOCRACIES
11:30 AM-1:00 PM
One of the most important developments in the last quarter century has been the expansion of democracy around the world. The most dramatic events of the late 20th century -- the fall of the Berlin Wall, the end of apartheid, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the end of the Cold War -- have all been associated with what scholars have called the "third wave" of democratization, in which authoritarian regimes around the world have collapsed in favor of varying degrees of democratic governance. This course will examine the process of democratization in an attempt to determine which factors make the consolidation of democracy in a formerly authoritarian system more likely. The course will be organized thematically. rather than regionally, meaning that we will deal primarily with broad issues that (conceivably) can be generalized to all cases. The examples of democratization used in the course will be drawn primarily from Latin America and post-communist states (Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union) and secondarily from Asia and Africa. After a survey of the major approaches to democratization, the class will focus on specific issues important to successful democratization including: institutional design, ethnicity, economic reform, civil society, and globalization.