LAS 366 • APOL/MILLN/COLNZ ATL WORLD-W
3:00 PM-6:00 PM
When the Europeans arrived in the New World, they thought the end of the world was near. Columbus compiled a common-place book on all the major narratives of apocalypse (Book of Prophecies), considered himself an elected messiah (Christum-ferens: the bearer of Christ), and saw his arrival to the easternmost parts of Cathay (he had no idea he bumped into a New World) as the beginning of the conversion of all pagans and Jews prior to the Christian reconquest of Jerusalem, long hostage to the Turkish Anti-Christ. Columbus was typical of his age. Franciscan friars who followed the millennial prophecies of Joachim di Fiore sought to build a millennial church in Mexico; so too did the Puritans in New England. In the late sixteenth-century Peru, leading religious figures died in prison or at the stake for predicting the impending collapse of the corrupt church of Rome and the restoration in the New World of the ancient Israelite church lead by the Dominican Francisco de la Cruz, a new messiah-last emperor of the world. Indigenous groups in Peru, Mexico, and New England embraced many of these ideas themselves and associated the arrival of the millennium with the extermination of the European colonizers. This upper-level undergraduate seminar seeks to explore the impact these ideas had on the peoples and societies of the early-modern New World. This is a reading and writing intensive-seminar.