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Charles R. Hale, Director SRH 1.310, 2300 Red River Street D0800, Austin, TX 78712 • 512.471.5551

Spring 2007


Unique Days Time Location Instructor
40625 T
6:00 PM-9:00 PM
UTC 4.114

Course Description

When the Europeans arrived in the New World, they thought the end of the world was near. Columbus compiled a common-place book on all the major narratives of apocalypse (Book of Prophecies), considered himself an elected messiah (Christum-ferens: the bearer of Christ), and saw his arrival to the easternmost parts of Cathay (he had no idea he bumped into a New World) as the beginning of the conversion of all pagans and Jews prior to the Christian reconquest of Jerusalem, long hostage to the Turkish Anti-Christ. Columbus was typical of his age. Franciscan friars who followed the millennial prophecies of Joachim di Fiore sought to build a millennial church in Mexico; so too did the Puritans in New England. Leading religious figures in Peru died in prison or at the stake in the late sixteenth century for predicting the impending collapse of the corrupt church of Rome and the restoration in the New World of the ancient Israelite church led by the Dominican Francisco de la Cruz, a new messiah-last emperor of the world. Indigenous groups in Peru, Mexico, and New England embraced many of these ideas themselves and associated the arrival of the millennium with the extermination of the European colonizers; so too did black maroons and African slaves. This graduate seminar seeks to explore the impact these ideas had on the peoples and societies of the early-modern New World. Students should write an original research paper that draws on the insights of the secondary literature. 


Eugen Weber, Apocalypse: Prophecies, Cults and Millennial Beliefs (Harvard, 2000) Anthony Smith, Chosen Peoples: Sacred Sources of National Identity (Oxford, 2004) Pauline Moffitt Watts, "Prophecy and Discovery: On the Spiritual Origins of Christopher Columbus's "Enterprise of the Indies". The American Historical Review 90 (1985), 73-102. Carole A. Myscofski, Messianic Themes in Portuguese and Brazilian Literature in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries" Luso-Brazilian Review 28 (1991); 77-94 James West Davidson, The Logic of Millennial Thought: Eighteenth-Century New England (New Haven, 1977) Theodor Dwight Bozeman, To Live Ancient Lives; The Primitivist Dimensions in Puritanism (University Of North Carolina Press, 1988) Emilia Viotti da Costa. Crowns of Glory Tears of Blood. The Demerara Slave Rebellion of 1823 (Oxford, 1997) John Sensbach. Rebecca's Revival.(Harvard, 2005) Alberto Flores Galindo, In Search of an Inca, in Steve J. Stern ed., Resistance, Rebellion and Consciousness in the Andean Peasant World, 18th and 20th Centuries (University of Wisconsin Press, 1987), 193-210. Thomas Cohen, The Fire of Tongues; Antonio Vieira and the Missionary Church in Brazil and Portugal (Stanford, 1998) Antonio Eguiluz, Father Gonzalo Tenorio, OFM, and His Providentialist Eschatological Theories on the Spanish Indies, The Americas, 16 (1960): 329-56. Joel Martin. Sacred Revolt: Muskogee's Struggle for a New World (Beacon Press, 1993) R. David Edmunds. The Shawnee Prophet (Nebraska, 1985) Gregory Evans Dowd, War under Heaven: Pontiac, the Indian Nations, and the British Empire (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002) Jan Szeminski, Why Kill the Spaniard? New Perspectives on Andean Insurrectionary Ideology in the 18th Century, in Steve J. Stern ed., Resistance, Rebellion and Consciousness in the Andean Peasant World, 18th and 20th Centuries (University of Wisconsin Press, 1987), pp. 166-192 Sinclair Tompson, We Alone Will Rule: Native Andean Politics in the Age of Insurgency (University of Wisconsin Press, 2003) Nathan O. Hatch, The Sacred Cause of Liberty:  Republican Thought and the Millennium in Revolutionary New England (1977) Nina Reid-Maroney, Philadelphia's Enlightenment,1740-1800: Kingdom of Christ, Empire of Reason (Greenwood. 2001) Kerry A Trask. In the Pursuit of Shadows: Massachusetts Millennialism and the Seven Years War (Garland, 1989) Susan Juster, Doomsayers: Anglo-American Prophecy in the Age of Revolution (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003) Frank Graziano. The Millennial New World Ernest Lee Tuveson. Redeemer Nation: Jaime Lara. City, Temple, and Stage. Eschatological Architecture and liturgical Theatrics in New Spain (Notre Dame, 2004) Avihu Zakai. Exile and Kingdom: History and Apocalypse in the Puritan Migration (Cambridge, 2002) John Thornton. The Kongolose Saint Anthony (Cambridge, 1998) David Brading, Mexican Phoenix (Cambridge, 2002) Jorge Canizares-Esguerra. Puritan Conquistadors (Stanford, 2006) Gregory Evans Dowd. A Spirited Resistance (Johns Hopkins, 1993) Ruth Bloch Visionary Republic (Cambridge, 1988) Jacqueline Herman. 1580-1600: O Sonho da Salvação (São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2000) Plënio Freire Gomes. Um herege vai ao paraëso. Cosmologia de um ex-colonoa condenado pela Inquisição (1680-1744) (São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1997) Ronaldo Vainfas. A heresia dos ëndos. Catolicismo e rebeldia no Brasil colonial ((São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 1995) Adriana Romeiro. Un visionário na corte de D. João V. Revolta e milenarismo nas Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte: UFMG, 2001)   


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