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Charles R. Hale, Director SRH 1.310, 2300 Red River Street D0800, Austin, TX 78712 • 512.471.5551

Spring 2007

LAS 381 • Migration in Latin America

Unique Days Time Location Instructor
40575 M
9:00 AM-12:00 PM
MAI 1706
Cerrutti

Course Description

This course focuses on internal and international migration in Latin America and the socio-economic processes that have engendered these spatial movements overtime. Themes will include an historical overview of European migration to Latin America and its impacts on receiving countries; economic development and internal mobility (rural-urban and urban-urban migration); regional uneven development and intra-Latin American migration flows; and Latin America migration to the developed world. Current trends on internal and international migration in Latin America will be examined. The course will include topics related to trade agreements and labor mobility, gender and migration, migration and origin communities (including the role of remittances), and migrants' incorporation into labor markets The course builds on conceptualizations on migration, in particular labor migration, and will provide basic estimation techniques and methodological approaches for the study of internal and international migration. Students will be familiarized with the use of standard databases for the analysis of population movements.

Texts

(Basic outline of lectures and examples of readings for each section) The course is structured on the basis of four components: " One is on conceptual approaches for the study of migration, with particular emphasis on labor migration. Perspectives will include: neoclassical economics, the new economics of labor migration, segmented labor market theories, world system theory, social capital theory, theory of cumulative causation. Types of mobility will be presented. Readings: Selected chapters from: Brettel, C. and Hollifield J. (eds) Migration Theory: Talking Across Dosciplines. New York: Routledge. Massey D. et al. (2005) Worlds in Motion. Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Portes, A. (1998) The Economic Sociology of Immigration. Essays on Networks, Ethnicity and Entrepreneurship. New York: Russell Sage Foundation. Skeldon, R. (1997) Migration and Development. A Global Perspective. London: Longman. " The second one refers to measurements and types of data for the study of both internal and international migration. Estimation techniques and available databases for the study of population movements will be examined. Selected chapters from: Bilsborrow, R.; Hugo, G., Oberai, A.S. and Slotnik, H. (1997) International migration Sytatistics: guidelines for improving data collection systems. Siegel, J. S., and Swanson D. A. (2004) The Methods and Materials of Demography (second edition). London: Elsevier Academic Press. " The third one surveys migration trends overtime in Latin America from the beginning of the Twentieth century and the socioeconomic processes that originated those movements until the 1990's. It will start with and overview of European migration to Latin America, main waves and destinies and the demographic and social impacts on receiving countries. It will also cover trends in rural-urban migration systems and their relation with changes in productive structures (from export oriented economies to import substitution industrialization). Particular attention will be paid to the role of internal migration to the urbanization process and the growth of urban areas. Regarding international migration, topics will include both the evolution of intra-Latin America migration systems (in particular within Southern Cone) and Latin America migration to the United States and Europe. Massey D. et al. (2005) Worlds in Motion. Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium. Oxford: Clarendon Press. (Chapters 3, 4, and 7) Roberts, B. (1995) The Making of Citizens. Cities of Peasants revisited. London: Arnold. (Chapter 4) Balán, J. (1980) "Agrarian Structures and Internal Migration in an Historical Perspective: Latin American Case Studies" in Morriston P. (Ed.) Population Movements: Their Forms and Functions in Urbanization and Development) Simmons, A. Dëaz Brisquets S. and Laquian, A. (1977) Social Change and Internal Migration. A review of Research Findings from Africa, Asia and Latin America. Ottawa: IDRC. (Section on Latin America, Parts 1,2 and 3) Lattes A. and Recchini de Lattes Z. (1994) International Migration in Latin America: Patterns, Determinants and Policies in Macura M. and Coleman D. International Migration: regional process and responses. Massey D. et al. (1990) Return to Aztlan. The Social Process of International Migration from Western Mexico. Berkeley: The University of California Press. " The fourth component refers to more recent trends and topics on international migration. Major current migration streams will be examined. Several current debates will be discussed in the areas of: trade agreements and labor mobility (NAFTA and Mercosur); migration and origin communities (in particular the role of remittances); gender and migration; and, migrants incorporation into labor markets. Martënez Pizarro J. and Villa M. (2005) International Migra

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