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Charles R. Hale, Director SRH 1.310, 2300 Red River Street D0800, Austin, TX 78712 • 512.471.5551

Fall 2003


Unique Days Time Location Instructor
37290 to 37300 Multiple Sections

Course Description

A musicological survey of the various musical traditions of the culture areas present in the Andean countries, this course emphasizes the oral musics (i.e. folk, traditional, and popular musics) of the area in about 2/3 of the semester, with the remaining 1/3 dedicated to the art-music institutions, activities and major composers. "Survey" is here understood in terms of exemplification and illustration of the major folk and popular song and dance genres, and of the major compositional currents at various periods of art-music history. "Musicological" means an all-inclusive approach to the music-making phenomenon, i.e., "music as a total social fact," relating the music products to their contextual dimensions and socio-cultural meanings whenever possible and appropriate.

The course covers the following general sequence: 1) Cultural and musical areas of the Andes 2) The tri-ethnic heritage of the Andes 3) Pre-Columbian musical practices and systems among the Inca and pre-Inca civilizations 4) Indian musical traditions in contemporary Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia: a) musical instruments b) music in rituals and festivals c) major genres of dance music and songs 5) Mestizo musical traditions in contemporary Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia: the Hispanic-Amerindian musical mosaic. 6) The five musical areas of Colombia: selected genres and traditions. 7) The Indian-mestizo-Hispanic continuum in Chile's contemporary musical traditions. 8) Music during the colonial period: Colombia to Chile 9) 19th- and 20th-century art-music activities and achievements: selected trends, institutions, composers. 10) Selected popular music trends and products in Andean countries in the 20th century.

Grading Policy

There will be two tests during the semester (each worth about 33% of your average grade) and a final examination (worth 33%). Tests include a listening question, identification of terms, and essay questions. Listening and essay portions of the tests are not comprehensive. Graduate students will be asked to undertake an additional special project resulting in a short paper. The topic of such a project will be decided upon consultation with the instructor. Grading is done on a subjective basis, i.e., on the merits of an individual test, examination and (for graduate students) paper, and not by comparison with other performances in the class. Regular attendance is crucial. NOTE: More than 5 unexcused absences will result in ten points less in the final average grade.


#Gerard Béhague "Latin American Folk Music" Chapter 9 of Folk and Traditional Music of the Western Continents, by Bruno Nettl 3rd ed. (1990). Read the portion of the chapter dealing with the Andes. #Robert Stevenson, Music in Aztec and Inca Territory (1968). Read the first chapter of the Inca part during the first two weeks of the semester. #Robert Stevenson, The Music of Peru (1960). Specific portions to be assigned at the appropriate time. #Gerard Béhague, Music in Latin America: An Introduction (1979). Specific portions to be assigned at the appropriate time.


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